Tulane Payson Center Faculty Research Overview

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On March 4, 2013, Payson Center for International Development faculty and graduate students gathered at a luncheon sponsored by the Payson Graduate Student Association (PGSA) to present overviews of their grant-based research projects and opportunities for students.

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Tulane Payson Center Faculty Research Overview

  1. 1.  Professor  Colin  Crawford  
  2. 2. Child  Labor  in  West  African  Cocoa  Production  and    Other  Research    Payson  Center  for  Interna.onal  Development  Elke  de  Buhr,  PhD  
  3. 3. Some  Research  Interests  •  Child  labor  and  worst  forms  of  child  labor  (WFCL)     •  Child  labor  in  West  Africa,  and  worldwide   •  Child  labor  in  agriculture    •  Forced  adult  labor  (FAL)   •  FAL  in  West  Africa,  and  worldwide   •  FAL  in  agriculture  •  Orphans  and  vulnerable  children  (OVC)   •  DRC,  Rwanda,  and  worldwide  •  Migra.on  and  human/child  trafficking   •  Mali,  Burkina-­‐Faso,  Ghana,  Côte  d’Ivoire,  Europe  
  4. 4. Some  Research  Activities  •  Survey  data  collec.on  (USDOL,  UNICEF,  Fairtrade,   Reprieve,  AICF)  •  Qualita.ve  research  (USDOL,  UNICEF,  Fairtrade)  •  Monitoring  and  evalua.on  (USDOL,  UNAIDS,  UN-­‐OCHA,   Fairtrade,  AICF)  •  Data  analysis  (USDOL,  CDC,  UNAIDS,  UNICEF,  Fairtrade,   Reprieve,  NMF,  AICF)  •  Development  of  minimum  standards  (UNICEF)  •  Development  of  training  materials  (USDOL,  CDC,  World   Bank/IFC)  •  Development  of  best  prac.ce  guides  (World  Vision)    •  Capacity  building  ac.vi.es  (USDOL,  CDC)  
  5. 5. USDOL-­‐Tulane  Collaboration  •  Three  contracts  with  the  US  Department  of   Labor  (since  2006)  •  Major  goals:     •  Suppor.ng  the  implementa.on  of  the  Harkin-­‐ Engel  Protocol     •  Assis.ng  interna.onal  efforts  to  eliminate  the   worst  forms  of  child  labor  (WFCL)  and  forced  adult   labor  (FAL)  in  the  cocoa  growing  areas  of  Côte   d’Ivoire  and  Ghana  •  Yearly  reports  to  the  US  Congress      
  6. 6. Ongoing/Planned  Project  Activities  (2012-­‐2015)    •  Data  collec.on  in  Côte  d’Ivoire  and  Ghana:   1.  Calculate  best  baseline  es.mates  on  the  number  of  children   working  in  the  WFCL  in  the  produc.on  of  cocoa  during  the   2008/2009  harvest  seasons     2.  Develop  and  execute  na.onally  representa.ve  child  labor   surveys  during  the  2013/2014  cocoa  growing  season  in  Côte   dIvoire  and  Ghana     3.  Report  on  differences  in  the  number  and  percentage  changes   of  children  working,  in  child  labor,  and  in  hazardous  work   between  the  2008/2009  and  2013/2014  es.mates    •  Develop  and  share  public-­‐use  data  files    •  Develop  and  share  survey  and  data  analysis  manuals  •  Develop  training  materials  and  assist  na.onal   sta.s.cal  offices  in  iden.fying  and  execu.ng  capacity   building  ac.vi.es  
  7. 7. Opportunities  for  Student  Involvement  • Research  assistants  • Work  study  • Internships?  • Other?  
  8. 8. Research Partnerships EcoPartnership on Wetland Research (2008) US-China Energy and Environmental Technology Center (1977) ST Hsieh shsieh@tulane.edu 03/04/2013
  9. 9. Background Tulane and East China Normal University (ECNU) EcoPartnershipon Wetland Research (www.EcoPartherships.gov)
  10. 10. Tulane University Center of Bioenviornmental Research (CBR, 1989) Dr. Michael Blum, Interim Director •  Associate Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology •  Eugenie Schwartz Professor of River and Coastal Studies
  11. 11. Basic Research Themes: •  How do coastal marshes respond to storm inundation? •  How do plant responses influence marsh biodiversity? •  Do marsh plants migrate AND adapt to sea level rise? •  Marsh plants shift AND adapt to changes in salinity
  12. 12. Applied Research Themes1. Carbon Sinks 2. Natural Water Purification3.Hydrokinetics4. EcoTourisms
  13. 13. US/China Energy and Environmental Technology Center (EETC) Promote Clean Energy Exchanges between the USA (DOE) and China (MOST)
  14. 14. Coal Use in the USA 1.06 GT Mined in 25 statesGenerates more than50% of the electricity
  15. 15. Shale Plays in the USANatural Gas Boom (2010) Fracking Technology Shale Gas (LNG export) Gas Liquids Shale Oil
  16. 16. US Becomes Energy In-Dependent Domestic: CNG/LNG for transportation International: US exports LNG
  17. 17. Feb. 1, 2013A Concept Paper was submitted to USAID: US-China supportsClean Development in Africa
  18. 18. Research  among  Vulnerable   Popula3ons  in  Rwanda   Bridget  Lavin   Research  Assistant  Professor  
  19. 19. CARE  Interna3onal  in  Rwanda  •  Previous  evalua3ons/assessments   –  HIV  case  management     –  Mentoring  of  vulnerable  children     –  Gender  based  violence  monitoring  •  Previous  placements  of  Tulane  students   –  Mapping  community  services   –  Developing/edi3ng  training  materials   –  Organizing  qualita3ve  data  collec3on  
  20. 20. CARE  Interna3onal  in  Rwanda  •  Ongoing  evalua3ons   –  USAID-­‐funded  Child  survival/early  childhood   development  •  Baseline  conducted  in  2011  •  Midterm  and  End  of  Project  assessments  •  Mixed  methods     –  Surveys  of  mothers   –  Anthropometric  data  from  children   –  Surveys  of  community  health  workers   –  In-­‐depth  interviews  with  key  stakeholders  
  21. 21. Global  Communi3es  (CHF   Interna3onal)  in  Rwanda  •  Previous  assessment   –  USAID/Higa  Ubeho  Baseline  Survey  •  Previous  placements  of  Tulane  students   –  Development  of  program  monitoring  tools   –  Coordina3ng  Baseline  Survey    •  Ongoing  evalua3ons   –  Midterm  and  End  of  Project  assessments  
  22. 22. Rapid  Assessment  of  Children   Reintegrated  from  Orphanages  into   the  Community    •  5  month  project  for  UNICEF  Rwanda  •  Research  ques3ons:   –  What  are  the  strengths  and  weaknesses  of  various   methods  to  close  Rwanda’s  orphanages?     –  What  are  the  outcomes  of  children  reintegrated  into   the  community  from  orphanages  using  various   methods?  •  Methods   –  Quan3ta3ve  surveys   –  Qualita3ve  in-­‐depth  interviews   –  Record  reviews  
  23. 23. Rapid  Assessment  of  Children   Reintegrated  from  Orphanages  into   the  Community    •  Poten3al  opportuni3es  for  students   –  Literature  review  to  iden3fy  relevant  survey   instruments   –  Data  analysis  planning   –  Development  of  data  entry  screens   –  Genera3on  of  tables/graphs  for  final  report  
  24. 24. Other  Poten3als   (not  in  Rwanda)  •  World  Vision   –  Evalua3on  of  WV  Development  Approach    •  Heartland  Alliance   –  ME  for  Most  at  Risk  Popula3on  Projects,  Nigeria  
  25. 25. A’s    Aces  –  Payson  Center  Project   Anna  Monhartova  •  A’s    Aces  and  partnership  with  Tulane  •  Project  objec8ves  (ME)  •  Impact  •  Opportuni8es  to  get  involved:   Programma8c  and  administra8ve  (AmeriCorps   and  private  corps,  volunteer  posi8ons)   www.AsAndAces.org    
  26. 26. Embrace  or  reject?  
  27. 27. Social  innova2ons  Ethical,  scalable  solu/ons  to  our  most  pressing  social  challenges  at  the  intersec2on  of  business,  nonprofit,  government    h;p://tulane.edu/socialentrepreneurship  •  ESRC/DFID  “Development   Fron2ers”  •  USAID  DIV  •  h;p://idea.usaid.gov/ organiza2on/div    
  28. 28. Kakichuma  cellphone    gardens  
  29. 29. Follow  up  www.llmurphy.net    •  Kenya-­‐based  fieldwork  •  Social  entrepreneurship  in  New  Orleans    at  Tulane  
  30. 30. Challenges  to  the  Liberal  Paradigm  Dr.  Stanley  Samarasinghe  

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