Natcep day 12 part two


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Natcep day 12 part two

  1. 1. Principles of Ergonomics, Body Mechanics and Body Alignment NATCEP Day Twelve
  2. 2. Objectives • Define & discuss ergonomics as it applies to the STNA • Define body mechanics • Identify & demonstrate the rules of good body mechanics – SKILL: Transfer Person Using Mechanic Lift – SKILL: Transfer Person Using Sit-to-Stand Lift • Demonstrate general principles for lifting and moving residents – – – – SKILL: SKILL: SKILL: SKILL: Moving the Person up in Bed with an Assistive Device Position Person on Side Transfer from Bed to Wheelchair Transfer from Wheelchair to Bed • Describe correct body alignment • Explain why correct body alignment is important • Demonstrate correct body alignment
  3. 3. Ergonomics • Adapting the environment using techniques and equipment to prevent injury and provide more efficient care. • Shared responsibility – STNA • Gaining and using skills for properly caring for residents – Employer • Facilitating a safe workplace, work environment and appropriate equipment
  4. 4. Body Mechanics • Describes the body movements used when you move a resident or an object • Purpose – Make the best use of strength and avoid fatigue and injury
  5. 5. Rules of Body Mechanics • Use as many large muscles or groups of large muscles as possible. • Stand erect! • Place the feet apart, with the knees bent, the width of your shoulders when lifting – broad base of support. • Be a close as possible to what you are lifting or moving. • Push, pull or roll, if possible, rather than lift a heavy object. • Use your arms to support the object.
  6. 6. Rules of Body Mechanics • Work in the direction of your efforts, not against them. Avoid twisting! • Always count with the person you’re working with and lift/move on the same count. • Use 2 people when moving residents who cannot assist you. • Pivot and turn with short steps or turn our whole body when changing directions. • Use mechanical lifts or other devices per facility policy and manufacturers’ recommendations. • Don’t follow plan of care or policy when moving resident = neglect!
  7. 7. Positions • Supine: The back-lying position • Prone: Lying on the abdomen (stomach) with the head turned to one side. • Lateral: The side-lying position • Fowler’s: A semi-sitting position with the head of the raised between 45-60 degrees
  8. 8. General Principles for Lifting and Moving the Resident • FIRST: explain the procedure to the resident first • Protect privacy! • Give the most support to the heaviest parts of the body. • Hold the resident close to your body for best support • Use smooth and steady, not jerky, motions. • Lock the bed and chair! • Elevate the bed if possible when moving or repositioning a bedfast resident. • Use draw sheet when indicated to avoid shearing and tearing of skin. • Use the gait belt around the resident’s waist for safety.
  9. 9. Correct Body Alignment • Head – Erect, not forward or extended backward • Spinal Cord – Straight, normal position • Extremities – Depends on position of person • Feet – Walking, not slanted forward • Wrists – Neither flexed or extended • Hips – Straight in line with the thighs
  10. 10. Importance of Correct Body Alignment • • • • • • Promotes comfort Prevents pain Strain not placed on joints, muscles or tissue Prevents contractures Prevents skin breakdown Promotes sense of well being
  11. 11. Correct Body Alignment
  12. 12. Correct Body Alignment
  13. 13. Correct Body Alignment
  14. 14. Correct Body Alignment
  15. 15. Correct Body Alignment