GOOD
AFTERNOON
TATTOO MARKS
the new generation life style……!!
BY
:
DR. APOORVA CHANDRA…
siMs & rC…!!
DEFINITION
“Tattoos are designs
made by multiple
small puncture wounds
, made through the
skin with needles or
similar pen...
TATTOO HISTORY
 The word tattoo comes from the
Polynesian “tatu” which means “to
mark something.”
 Originally called “pa...
TYPES OF TATTOOS
Traumatic Tattoos
Amateur Tattoos
Professional Tattoos
Cosmetic Tattoos
Medical Tattoos
TRAUMATIC TATTOOS (NATUARAL)
 Coal miners get tattoo characteristics when
any wound gets exposed to coal dust or
gunpowde...
AMATEUR & PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS
These tattoos serve as
 marks of status and rank, symbols of religion &
spiritual devotion...
AMATEUR PROFESSIONAL
 Often single colour is
used. – INDIA INK.
 Can be applied by
someone , at home ,
using needle & In...
PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS
COSMETIC TATTOOS
o Also called as PERMANENT MAKEUP .
o It includes hiding or neutralizing skin
discolorations.
o Use of ta...
TATTOOED LIP MAKEUPPERMANENT EYE
LINER
MEDICAL TATTOOS
“a tattoo used for indiCating a
medically relevant condition & body
loCation.’’
 Used to ensure instrumen...
MEDICAL TATTOOS →CONTD.
 Convey medical information about the wearer .
e.g., blood group , medical condition , etc..
 Us...
MEDICAL TATTOO
Indicating type of D.M.
COMMONLY USED DYES.
Indian Ink
Cobalt & Indigo
Carbon (black)
china ink
Cinnabar ( mercuric sulfide )
Chromic acid
prussia...
Optimum depth of penetration:
 Superficial layers of dermis.
Permanency of tattoo marks: Depends on
o Type of dye used : ...
LATENT TATTOO MARKS
Faded Tattoo mark becomes visible by
 The use UV lamp.
 rubbing the part, by examining with
magnifyi...
UV LAMP METHOD
COMPLICATIONS
 Septic Inflammation
 Allergies
 AIDS
 Abscess
 Gangrene
 Syphilis
 Leprosy
 T.B.
 Burns by MRI sca...
NATURAL DISAPPEARANCE OF TATTOO MARKS:
Vermillion, cinnabar – disappear after min of
10 years.
Black pigments ( Indian i...
ARTIFICIAL REMOVAL OF TATTOO
MARKS
1 .SURGICAL METHODS :
 Complete excision & Skin Grafting .
 Production of burn by mea...
SCARIFICATION CARBON DIOXIDE SNOW
4. LASER BEAM :
By exposure to laser beams , particles of dye
gets vapourised & expelled in gaseous form.
5. Confluent sma...
FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO MARKS
 Identity:
Race, religion, occupation,name of
person or his beloved ones, date of
bir...
FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO
MARKS
 Gang members wear a tattoo of
allegiance & symbolism to their
status.
 Drug addicts...
 A member of MEXICAN
MAFIA has the
organization name
tattooed on his
abdomen.
RELIGIOUS TATTOO.
DRUG ADDICTS HAVING TATTOO
SYDNEY SHARK CASE
SYDNEY SHARK CASE
 James smith disappeared on April 8 , 1935.
 14 days later a shark caught alive , which vomited a huma...
THANKYOU
Everything we hear is an opinion ,
not a fact .
Everything we see is a perspective ,
not a truth.
-Marcus Aurelius
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
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Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..

  1. 1. GOOD AFTERNOON
  2. 2. TATTOO MARKS the new generation life style……!! BY :
  3. 3. DR. APOORVA CHANDRA… siMs & rC…!!
  4. 4. DEFINITION “Tattoos are designs made by multiple small puncture wounds , made through the skin with needles or similar penetrating tools dipped in colouring agents
  5. 5. TATTOO HISTORY  The word tattoo comes from the Polynesian “tatu” which means “to mark something.”  Originally called “painting” or “staining”  Believed that the first known tattoo dates back to 4,000 B.C. (body of man, skin bears cross behind one knee and a series of lines above the kidneys)  Egyptian and Nubian mummies (practiced around 2000 B.C.)  Ancient Greeks used Tattooing for (Philippine Man)
  6. 6. TYPES OF TATTOOS Traumatic Tattoos Amateur Tattoos Professional Tattoos Cosmetic Tattoos Medical Tattoos
  7. 7. TRAUMATIC TATTOOS (NATUARAL)  Coal miners get tattoo characteristics when any wound gets exposed to coal dust or gunpowder.  When a substance such as asphalt is rubbed into a wound caused by accident . --Difficult to remove as they spread across several different layers of skin
  8. 8. AMATEUR & PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS These tattoos serve as  marks of status and rank, symbols of religion & spiritual devotion , decoration of bravery,  pledges of love , punishment  Marks of outcasts, slaves & convicts.  To symbolize their identification to particular ethnic groups , including criminal gangs.
  9. 9. AMATEUR PROFESSIONAL  Often single colour is used. – INDIA INK.  Can be applied by someone , at home , using needle & India ink.  Depth of penetration varies.  Tattoo contain several colours.  Created by trained practitioner at a tattoo parlour.  Applied uniformly beneath the skin.
  10. 10. PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS
  11. 11. COSMETIC TATTOOS o Also called as PERMANENT MAKEUP . o It includes hiding or neutralizing skin discolorations. o Use of tattoo to enhance eyebrows, lips , eyeliner , even moles which resembles natural makeup.
  12. 12. TATTOOED LIP MAKEUPPERMANENT EYE LINER
  13. 13. MEDICAL TATTOOS “a tattoo used for indiCating a medically relevant condition & body loCation.’’  Used to ensure instruments are properly located for repeated application of radiotherapy and for the areola in some forms of breast reconstruction.
  14. 14. MEDICAL TATTOOS →CONTD.  Convey medical information about the wearer . e.g., blood group , medical condition , etc..  Used in skin tones to cover VITILIGO , a skin pigmentation disorder.  Members of military family have their vital information tattooed to them , usually on the rib cage below the axilla -------MEAT TAGS
  15. 15. MEDICAL TATTOO Indicating type of D.M.
  16. 16. COMMONLY USED DYES. Indian Ink Cobalt & Indigo Carbon (black) china ink Cinnabar ( mercuric sulfide ) Chromic acid prussian blue
  17. 17. Optimum depth of penetration:  Superficial layers of dermis. Permanency of tattoo marks: Depends on o Type of dye used : Vermilion & Ultramarine fades after 10 yrs. o Depth of penetration : As the depth is more permanency is more & viceversa o Part of body tattooed.
  18. 18. LATENT TATTOO MARKS Faded Tattoo mark becomes visible by  The use UV lamp.  rubbing the part, by examining with magnifying glass in strong light.  Infrared photography makes old tattoo visible.  In decomposed bodies , when epidermis is removed by wiping the area with moist paper towel or a piece of cloth .
  19. 19. UV LAMP METHOD
  20. 20. COMPLICATIONS  Septic Inflammation  Allergies  AIDS  Abscess  Gangrene  Syphilis  Leprosy  T.B.  Burns by MRI scan .
  21. 21. NATURAL DISAPPEARANCE OF TATTOO MARKS: Vermillion, cinnabar – disappear after min of 10 years. Black pigments ( Indian ink ) – permanent
  22. 22. ARTIFICIAL REMOVAL OF TATTOO MARKS 1 .SURGICAL METHODS :  Complete excision & Skin Grafting .  Production of burn by means of Red Hot Iron .  Scarification .  CO2 snow . 2 . ELECTROLYSIS 3 . CAUSTIC SUBSTANCES : Removes pigments by Inflammatory reaction . e.g ,Zn chloride & Tannic acid.
  23. 23. SCARIFICATION CARBON DIOXIDE SNOW
  24. 24. 4. LASER BEAM : By exposure to laser beams , particles of dye gets vapourised & expelled in gaseous form. 5. Confluent smallpox obliterates tattoo marks in children.
  25. 25. FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO MARKS  Identity: Race, religion, occupation,name of person or his beloved ones, date of birth / marriage, etc.  Religion , God of Worship  Indicates Culture & Lifestyle  Distribution of tattooing, nature of designs may indicate particular country or religion.  Mental make up / desire: obscene
  26. 26. FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO MARKS  Gang members wear a tattoo of allegiance & symbolism to their status.  Drug addicts (concealing site)  Homosexuals (tattoo on back or web of thumb)
  27. 27.  A member of MEXICAN MAFIA has the organization name tattooed on his abdomen.
  28. 28. RELIGIOUS TATTOO.
  29. 29. DRUG ADDICTS HAVING TATTOO
  30. 30. SYDNEY SHARK CASE
  31. 31. SYDNEY SHARK CASE  James smith disappeared on April 8 , 1935.  14 days later a shark caught alive , which vomited a human arm.  Arm was severed from dead body by a sharp weapon.  Arm had tattoo of two men boxing on the arm.  Smith’s wife & brother identified as Smith’s hand. Fingerprint also revealed same.  Later , criminal caught by Sydney police.
  32. 32. THANKYOU
  33. 33. Everything we hear is an opinion , not a fact . Everything we see is a perspective , not a truth. -Marcus Aurelius

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