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Support Vector Machine with Iris
and Mushroom Dataset
SVM
• In this presentation, we will be learning the
characteristics of SVM by analyzing it with 2
different Datasets
• 1)I...
What is SVM?
• Support Vector Machine or Support Vector
Network are supervised learning model with
associated learning alg...
IRIS and SVM
• IRIS Dataset: The Iris flower data set is
a multivariate dataset which quantifies the
structural variation ...
IRIS and SVM
• The data set consists of 50 samples/ instances from
each of three species that totals to 150.
• Four featur...
IRIS and SVM
• So concerning our dataset, as we will be
simultaneously analysing the different behaviour of the
four featu...
Implementation of SVM
• The multi-class SVM will be implemented by LIBSVM library. LIBSVM
implements the SMO algorithm for...
General Classification of IRIS
• Its shown in the histogram that how different feature of each training
example i.e measur...
Classification-SVM algorithms
• To construct an optimal hyperplane, SVM employs an iterative
training algorithm, which is ...
Testing both algorithms, it was found that C-SVM have better performance
over nu-SVM . The MSE and RSE in C-SVM was found ...
Kernal Type. As it is on Multi-classes dataset thus it will be using
the kernel trick. There are four kernel functions ava...
SVM Kernels
• Radial basis kernel function is most popular and
most widely used from all. Different Kernel
Functions will ...
SVM Kernels
• With Radial Basis
• With Polynomial Kernel
Testing Iris Dataset via
SVM
• Using same training set for
test set
• Using different test set
from the original training
...
Cross Validation Technique
Results with 10-Fold Results with 15-Folds
Percentage Split Test Set
50% 70%
ROC Curve for Iris-Setosa
ROC Curve for Iris- Versicolor
ROC Curve for Iris-Virginica
MUSHROOM DATASET
• This dataset is a sample of 23 different species of
mushroom, which has the poisonous and edible
effect...
Mushroom and SVM
Following example will show how one of the feature of mushroom when have certain effect out of 9
categori...
Implementation of SVM
• In this dataset SVM model is used as binary classifier(default) doing linear
classification.
• It ...
As like LibSVM it has different kernel functions. By default it uses PolyKernel
that pulls out the following result. I did...
Cross Validation Technique
Results with 10-Fold Results with 90-Folds
Percentage Split Test Set
50% 70%
ROC for Edible Mushroom
ROC for Poisonous Mushroom
Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset
Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset
Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset
Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset
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Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset

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SVM is used to classify the IRIS and Mushroom Dataset.

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Support Vector Machine(SVM) with Iris and Mushroom Dataset

  1. 1. Support Vector Machine with Iris and Mushroom Dataset
  2. 2. SVM • In this presentation, we will be learning the characteristics of SVM by analyzing it with 2 different Datasets • 1)IRIS • 2)Mushroom • Both will be implementing on WEKA Data Mining Software
  3. 3. What is SVM? • Support Vector Machine or Support Vector Network are supervised learning model with associated learning algorithm that analyze data and recognize patterns, used for classification and regression analysis. • The basic SVM takes a set of input data and predicts, for each given input, which of two possible classes forms the output, making it a non-probablistic binary linear classification -wikipedia
  4. 4. IRIS and SVM • IRIS Dataset: The Iris flower data set is a multivariate dataset which quantifies the structural variation of three related species of Iris flower. • Thus classification is done on the basis of flower species which are: • Iris-setosa------------------->Blue • Iris-versicolor -----------------> Red • Iris-verginica ------------------> CYAN colour
  5. 5. IRIS and SVM • The data set consists of 50 samples/ instances from each of three species that totals to 150. • Four features were measured from each sample • 1) Sepal Length • 2) Petal Length • 3) Sepal Width • 4) Petal Width • -- all in centimetres. • To distinguish between the species linear discriminant model is used. • Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) are methods used to find a linear combination of features which characterizes or separates two or more classes of objects or events. (wikepedia)
  6. 6. IRIS and SVM • So concerning our dataset, as we will be simultaneously analysing the different behaviour of the four features as mentioned above for the three different species of the Iris flower. • In IRIS, we will be implementing multi-class SVM model, as there are more than 2 classes. • We can see from the below image that class 'Iris setosa' is linearly separable and other two classes are not. Thus dataset like Iris is linearly not separable which could be a best example to implement SVM.
  7. 7. Implementation of SVM • The multi-class SVM will be implemented by LIBSVM library. LIBSVM implements the SMO algorithm for kernelized support vector machines(SVMs), supporting classification and regression. LIBSVM implement one against one strategy for multiclass implementation. LIBSVM to build SVM classes • The one against one strategy, also known as “pairwise coupling”, “all pairs” or “round robin”, consists in constructing one SVM for each pair of classes. Thus, for a problem with c classes, c(c-1)/2 SVMs are trained to distinguish the samples of one class from the samples of another class. Usually, classification of an unknown pattern is done according to the maximum voting , where each SVM votes for one class. [http://hal.archives- ouvertes.fr/docs/00/10/39/55/PDF/cr102875872670.pdf pp.4]
  8. 8. General Classification of IRIS • Its shown in the histogram that how different feature of each training example i.e measurements of petal and sepal width and length, classify each example into different classes. The below classification is on the basis of sepal length
  9. 9. Classification-SVM algorithms • To construct an optimal hyperplane, SVM employs an iterative training algorithm, which is used to minimize an error function. According to the form of the error function, SVM models can be classified into four distinct groups: • Classification SVM Type 1 (also known as C-SVM classification) • Classification SVM Type 2 (also known as nu-SVM classification) • [https://www.statsoft.com/textbook/support-vector- machines]
  10. 10. Testing both algorithms, it was found that C-SVM have better performance over nu-SVM . The MSE and RSE in C-SVM was found as 0.22 and 0.149, whereas the same in nu-SVM was measured as 0.26 and 0.16
  11. 11. Kernal Type. As it is on Multi-classes dataset thus it will be using the kernel trick. There are four kernel functions available for selection
  12. 12. SVM Kernels • Radial basis kernel function is most popular and most widely used from all. Different Kernel Functions will generate different confusion matrix • In general, the RBF kernel is a reasonable first choice. This kernel nonlinearly maps samples into a higher dimensional space so it, unlike the linear kernel, can handle the case when the relation between class labels and attributes is nonlinear
  13. 13. SVM Kernels • With Radial Basis • With Polynomial Kernel
  14. 14. Testing Iris Dataset via SVM • Using same training set for test set • Using different test set from the original training set • Cross validation method • Percentage Split. if 10% then it means 10% training data and 90% test data
  15. 15. Cross Validation Technique Results with 10-Fold Results with 15-Folds
  16. 16. Percentage Split Test Set 50% 70%
  17. 17. ROC Curve for Iris-Setosa
  18. 18. ROC Curve for Iris- Versicolor
  19. 19. ROC Curve for Iris-Virginica
  20. 20. MUSHROOM DATASET • This dataset is a sample of 23 different species of mushroom, which has the poisonous and edible effect. Thus, the training set will categorize each species in to 2 classes.. Thus it will train the future mushroom samples to fall into either of two categories depends upon its similarity with the other 23 species. • Total instances we have 8124 • In the following picture, Edible is shown in Blue Poisonous is in Red
  21. 21. Mushroom and SVM Following example will show how one of the feature of mushroom when have certain effect out of 9 categories, will classify it into Edible or Poisonous. Like if it smells Fishy i.e 'f' which have a count of 2160 has more probability of being poisonous.
  22. 22. Implementation of SVM • In this dataset SVM model is used as binary classifier(default) doing linear classification. • It is implemented by Weka’s default algorithm SMO(Sequential Minimal optimization), which is also used in LibSVM • This implementation globally replaces all missing values and transforms nominal attributes into binary ones. It also normalizes all attributes by default. • Linear Binary kernel used k<x,y>=x,y • As like LibSVM it has different kernel functions. By default it uses PolyKernel pulls out the following result. I did try to implement other kernels but it was too slow to process 8124 instances
  23. 23. As like LibSVM it has different kernel functions. By default it uses PolyKernel that pulls out the following result. I did try to implement other kernels but it was too slow to process 8124 instances
  24. 24. Cross Validation Technique Results with 10-Fold Results with 90-Folds
  25. 25. Percentage Split Test Set 50% 70%
  26. 26. ROC for Edible Mushroom
  27. 27. ROC for Poisonous Mushroom

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