Starting off


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Starting off

  2. 2. Topics Covered• Moving Off• Stopping• Steering Holding
  3. 3. Before Moving Off
  4. 4. Sitting PositionAfter initial checks of vehicle, make yourselfcomfortable in the driving seat, so as toenable easy and safe use of controls.Seats and headrestposition should beadjusted before moving. Contd……...
  5. 5. Starting the Engine
  6. 6. Starting the Engine• Ensure that the handbrake is engaged and the gear lever is in neutral position.• Turn the ignition key and pull choke if necessary. Both ignition and oil pressure lights will glow.• Turn the key further to actuate the electric starter. The key should be released as soon as the engine starts. Cont….
  7. 7. Starting the Engine• If the engine does not start, repeat this process again after a few seconds.• Press accelerator slightly to initiate smooth running of engine. When this happens, gradually remove your foot from the accelerator.• At this time, the ignition and oil pressure lamps must stop glowing.
  8. 8. Moving off
  9. 9. Moving offAfter smooth start of the engine.• With your left foot , press and hold the clutch pedal fully down• Move gear lever from neutral into 1st gear.• With your right foot , press accelerator slightly and hold it steady.
  10. 10. Moving off• Make your final safety checks, before you actually move the vehicle. Use mirrors and look over your shoulders to see that all is clear.• After being sure of clear space and safety, release the handbrake. Cont….
  11. 11. Moving off• Slowly and smoothly, release the clutch pedal until you hear the engine sound change slightly.• Let the clutch pedal come up a little more. The vehicle will begin to move. Cont….
  12. 12. Moving off• Slowly releasing the clutch, gently pressing the accelerator, feeling the engine sound change to a smooth take off, are initial moments where you require a relaxed mind and confidence.• Don’t hurry up for this, if the engine stops with a jerk , press the clutch , put the gear in neutral and repeat the process. Cont….
  13. 13. Moving off• As the vehicle begins to move, press the accelerator gradually for more speed and, at the same time let the clutch come up, smoothly.• Then take your left foot off the clutch pedal.• Indicate your coming on to the lane. Cont….
  14. 14. Stopping
  15. 15. Stopping• Stopping should be smooth and gradual. This enables the other driver to react in time, prevents wheel locking and reduces wear and tear of brakes and tyres. Do’s for stopping• Look in the rear view mirror• Where necessary, give indication using indicators or hand signal. Cont….
  16. 16. Stopping• Move your right foot off the accelerator to allow the engine to slow down.• Push the brake pedal lightly with your right foot.• As the vehicle slows down or comes to a halt, press the clutch pedal down with the left foot to prevent stalling and simultaneously press the brake pedal more firmly with a stopping hand signal. Cont….
  17. 17. Stopping• Pull the handbrake• Bring gear to neutral• Move feet off the pedals Cont….
  18. 18. Stopping in an EmergencyStopping in an emergency increases the riskof skidding. A quick reaction is crucial in anemergency.Practice the following routine• Keep both hands on the steering wheel for as much control as possible.• Avoid braking so hard that you lock any of the wheels.. Cont….
  19. 19. Stopping in an Emergency• Don’t touch the clutch pedal until just before you stop. This helps with your braking and stability.• Don’t touch the handbrake. Most handbrakes work on the back wheels only. Extra braking here can cause skidding. Practice braking to judge the correct pressure and remember to take into account road and weather conditions
  20. 20. Steering Holding
  21. 21. Steering HoldingAfter starting the vehicle ,keep both handsfirmly on the steering in a 10 and 2 O’ clockposition. There should not be any unnecessarymovement, so as to avoid sudden turns.Sometimes you may have to control thesteering with one hand , as the other handmay be required to change gears or operatecontrols.
  22. 22. Click for Film“ Starting up & Moving off ”
  23. 23. Learning from the Film1. What should you check before starting the vehicle?2. When & how should you use the Clutch?
  24. 24. Recap
  25. 25. RecapTrue or False?1. Look in the rear view mirror before stopping.2. The correct way to hold the steering is to keep both hands firmly on the steering in a 11 O’ clock and 1 O’ clock position.