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ethical issues regarding the abortion

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  1. 1. ETHICAL ISSUES PERTAINING TO ABORTION By:Pavan Barot Group:218 Crimean federal university ₰
  2. 2. WHAT IS ETHICS…… Definition The basic concepts and fundamental principles of decent human conduct . It includes study of universal values such as the essential equality of all men and women, human or natural rights, obedience to the law of land, concern for health and safety and, increasingly, also for the natural environment. See also morality.
  3. 3. WHAT IS ABORTION……. The word abortion comes from the Latin abortio, which means to abort, miscarry, deliver prematurely. The Latin word abortus means "miscarriage, premature, untimely birth". In medicine abortion means ending a pregnancy prematurely. An abortion is when the pregnancy is ended so that it does not result in the birth of a child. Sometimes this is called 'termination of pregnancy'.
  4. 4. ABORTION IN INDIAN LAW Abortion in India is legal only up to twenty weeks of pregnancy under specific conditions and situations which are broadly defined as:  If a woman is married, her own written consent is sufficient. Her husband’s consent is not required  If a woman is unmarried and over 18, she can provide her own written consent  If a woman is unmarried and under 18, she must provide written consent from her guardian  If a woman is mentally unstable, she must provide written consent from her guardian
  5. 5. Abortion as per the Indian MTP Act The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of India clearly mentions the conditions under which only a pregnancy can be ended. An abortion as interpreted from the Indian MTP Act are: 1. A pregnancy may be terminated by a registered medical practitioner 2. A pregnancy occurring as a result of rape. 3. Failure of contraceptive device used by a couple.
  6. 6. Abortion in India: Legal, But Not Always Safe  Even though abortion is legal in almost all countries to save a woman’s life and in three-fifths of countries. Abortion has been permitted in India for a broad variety of reasons. devastating effect in rural areas. Rates for maternal mortality are highest among poor rural women.
  7. 7. ABORTION IN USA LAW  In consultation with their physician, women have a constitutionally protected right to have an abortion in the early stages of pregnancy.  Abortion has been legal in the USA since 1973, but may be restricted by any of the 56 states to varying degrees.  Approximately 3700 abortions are conducted daily in the United States.
  8. 8. Legal Arguments  Right to life  Supreme Court decision  Legal definition of murder  Definition of murder – exceptions  Personhood issues
  9. 9. Right to Life The Declaration of Independence of the United States guarantees “certain unalienable Rights, that among those are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”
  10. 10. Supreme Court Decision  The Supreme Court held that the “right to privacy,” assured the freedom of a person to abort unless the state had a “compelling interest” in preventing the abortion.  The Court then held that, though the state had an interest in protecting fetal life, this interest did not become “compelling” until “fetal viability” occurred in the third trimester of pregnancy.
  11. 11. Legal Definition of Murder CALIFORNIA PENAL CODE SECTION 187- 199 a. Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being, or a fetus, with malice aforethought.
  12. 12. DEFINITION OF MURDER – EXCEPTIONS b. This section shall not apply to any person who commits an act that results in the death of a fetus if any of the following apply: 3. The act was solicited, aided, abetted, or consented to by the mother of the fetus.
  13. 13. LEGAL PERSONHOOD ISSUES  The fetus is granted personhood if wanted by the mother  The fetus can become a non-person at the discretion of the mother  However, a mother may not choose to kill her born child  How can the personhood of a human being be decided by another person?
  14. 14. REASONS FOR GIVEN ABORTION  Concern for/ responsibility to other individuals  Not wanting their lives changed by the birth of a baby  Yong or unmarried  Unplanned or unwanted  Relationship problem  Mother health risk  Pregnancy is the result of crime  Unacceptable quality of life
  15. 15. Procedure Abortions must be performed by a doctor with one of the following qualifications:  A registered medical practitioner who has performed at least 25 medically assisted term inations of pregnancy  A surgeon who has six months’ experience in obstetrics and gynaecology.  A person who has a diploma or degree in obstetrics and gynaecology  A doctor who was registered before the 1971 Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act and who has three years’ experience in obstetrics and gynaecology  A doctor who registered after 1971 and has been practising in obstetrics and gynaecology for at least a year
  16. 16. Abortion Health Risks and Side- Effects Immediate Side-Effects  Pain and/or cramping  Nausea  Vomiting  Diarrhea  Reaction to anesthetic  Death
  17. 17. Short-Term Problems Post- Abortion  Infection  Heavy Bleeding  Retained Tissue  Puncture of the uterus  Sterility
  18. 18. Long-Term Problems Post-Abortion  Future Fertility  Psychological and Emotional  The Abortion-Breast Cancer Connection
  20. 20. Pro-life Argument This is defined as the responsibility or obligation of the government to preserve all human life regardless of intent, viability or quality of life concerns.
  21. 21. Who You Want to be First? Pro-life Argument  Regular people have the right to live.  The fetus is a distinct human from the moment of conception  Unless the woman’s life is endanger, a woman have the duty not to kill their unborn babies.  Murder should be illegal in a moral society. 5/22/2015
  22. 22. PRO-CHOICE ARGUMENT This is the belief that women have the rights to choose to abort the baby.
  23. 23. Who You Want to be First? 23  Pro-Choice Argument Regular people have rights to their bodies, as long as they do not hurt others The fetus is not a "human" until it born. Women do not have the duty be pregnant against their will, and they can change their minds. Therefore women have the right to choose to end their pregnancy.
  24. 24. WOMEN RIGHTS  A women has a right to make decision that involve her body.  If the pregnancy was the result of hard cases like rape, incest etc.  Major issues for abortion-right to life, right to liberty, right to security.  Involve risk to life.  Child will be disabled and low quality of life.
  25. 25. CHILD RIGHTS  The fetus is a human being with fundamental right to life.  Every child is wanted child.  The unborn child has the right not to be killed.
  26. 26. Abortion is ethical and also unethical
  27. 27. Rape
  28. 28. Sex-selection
  29. 29. Solution if any…. Sex education Birth control methods Unintended pregnancy
  30. 30. GROUP VIEW ON ABORTION  Reducing unwanted pregnancies  Killed the innocent life is totally wrong  Every child is wanted child  Choice, right, Life, all people are equal even a fetus  Being a mother is just one option for women  Guaranteeing genuinely free and informed choice  Providing a loving home for all children  Encourage pregnant friends to choose life  Get involved with a pro-life group
  31. 31. CONCLUSION Abortion is not legal nor illegal, It is sometimes ethical and also unethical. It is not a relief as most of them feel so. But it is still a debatable issue.