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Immigration Policies - Canada - Review and Analysis - October 2, 2016

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This presentation will discuss immigration policies for Canada. The presentation will go into all aspect of immigration including cost of resettlement, skills development, language and career management.

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Immigration Policies - Canada - Review and Analysis - October 2, 2016

  1. 1. CANADA IMMIGRATION POLICIES ANALYSIS – OCTOBER 2, 2016 BY: PAUL YOUNG, CPA, CGA
  2. 2. PAUL YOUNG – BIO  CPA, CGA  26+ years of Corporate Finance and Business Solutions  11+ years of analyzing government policies  8+ years in academia  Advance Accounting  Advance Management Information System  Public Finance  Advance Finance  Audit Risk and Controls
  3. 3. AGENDA  Immigration Process – Canada  Refugee Process – Canada  Immigration trends  Permanent Residency / Countries  Syrian Refugees  Immigration Costs / Government  Barriers impacting Immigrants  Immigration Policies Changes - Factors
  4. 4. CANADA IMMIGRATION PROCESS  The Canadian federal and provincial governments are constantly updating their programs to ensure that Canadian immigration is successful, both for newcomers and for Canada. There are currently more than 60 programs available for immigration to Canada. For that reason, everyone's path to Canadian immigration will be unique.  For example, there are many different categories for professionals and workers under which you might qualify for your Canada Immigration permanent resident visa, including the Federal and Quebec Skilled Worker programs, the Provincial Nominee Programs, the Canadian Experience Class, the Quebec Experience Class, and the Federal Self-Employed program. Canada also offers a number of Family Class Sponsorship programs, whereby Canadian citizens and permanent residents may sponsor family members and loved ones for Canadian immigration.  Source - http://www.canadavisa.com/canadian-immigration-visas.html or http://www.cic.gc.ca/englIsh/immigrate/index.asp
  5. 5. REFUGEE PROCESS / CANADA  Some people are not eligible to claim refugee protection in Canada.  Officers receiving your refugee claim will decide whether it is eligible for referral to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB), an independent administrative tribunal that makes decisions on immigration and refugee matters. The IRB decides who is a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection.  Your refugee claim may not be eligible for referral to the IRB if:  You have been recognized as a Convention refugee by another country to which you can return;  You have already been granted protected person status in Canada;  You arrived via the Canada-United States border;  You are not admissible to Canada on security grounds, or because of criminal activity or human rights violations;  You made a previous refugee claim that was found to be ineligible for referral to the IRB;  You made a previous refugee claim that was rejected by the IRB; or  You abandoned or withdrew a previous refugee claim. Source: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/refugees/inside/apply-who.asp
  6. 6. IMMIGRATION TRENDS – CANADA  Source: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-630-x/11-630-x2016006-eng.htm The annual number of landed immigrants in Canada has fluctuated considerably over the last 150 years. Some of these fluctuations can be linked to immigration policy changes, others to Canada's economic situation or world events connected with the movement of migrants and refugees. For example, in the late 1800s, the number of immigrants admitted annually to Canada varied between 6,300 and 133,000. Record numbers of immigrants were admitted in the early 1900s when Canada was promoting the settlement of Western Canada. The highest number ever recorded was in 1913, when more than 400,000 immigrants arrived in the country. However, the number of people entering the country dropped dramatically during World War I, to fewer than 34,000 landed immigrants in 1915. The lowest numbers of landed immigrants were recorded during the Great Depression in the 1930s and during World War II. The return of peace fostered economic recovery and an immigration boom in Canada. Other record levels of immigration have been registered during political and humanitarian crises, including in 1956 and 1957, when 37,500 Hungarian refugees arrived in the country, and in the 1970s and 1980s, when a large number of Ugandan, Chilean, Vietnamese, Cambodian and Laotian refugees came to Canada. Since the early 1990s, the number of landed immigrants has remained relatively high, with an average of approximately 235,000 new immigrants per year.
  7. 7. IMMIGRANTS BY COUNTRY Source: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-630-x/11-630- x2016006-eng.htm
  8. 8. DETAILS OF IMMIGRATIONS – PERMANENT RESIDENCE - CANADA  http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/facts2013/permanent/10.asp
  9. 9. BARRIERS FACING NEW IMMIGRATIONS  Language skills  Credentials not recognized  Too many head to big cities like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal  Job Experience – (Canadian Experience)
  10. 10. SYRIA / REFUGEE  More than 30,000 Syrians have arrived since November (excluding Quebec, which has its own settlement program), and almost half of those are being privately sponsored to some extent.  While government-assisted refugees are usually settled in cities and large towns, families who are privately sponsored can end up anywhere. In more than 300 communities across the country, locals have banded together to provide housing, English classes, driving lessons, a crash course in Canadian customs (pot luck dinners, poutine) and, most important of all, friendship.  Source: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/sep/27/canadians-are-embracing-syrian- refugees-why-cant-we
  11. 11. COST TO RESETTLED IMMIGRATIONS  There is allot of things being said about the refugees. Yet the Liberals have not been clear with either with the true costs or ethnic makeup of the refugees, why?  Cost outlook for immigration citizen ship – Harper last budget showed 1.5B as compare to $1.7B for 2016-2017. This means $200M increase to the budget  Source: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/rpp/2016-2017/#a1.3  Source: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/pub/rpp-2015-2016.pdf  Canada has re-settled over 27,000 – Syrians – no breakout by ethnic group  Cost to taxpayers $1B  Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2016/03/22/syrian-refugees-federal-budget-2016_n_9525346.html  http://globalnews.ca/news/2594151/federal-budget-2016-syrian-refugees-could-cost-taxpayers-nearly-1-billion/  Refugee costs – There are claims the monthly amount per refugee is approximately $2,500/month  http://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/fact-check-do-refugees-get-more-financial-help-than-canadian-pensioners-1.2670735
  12. 12. IMMIGRATION POLICIES INFLUENCES  Skills Gap - http://www.thewhig.com/2016/04/05/job-skills-gap-worsening-study-finds  Slow Economy - http://www.slideshare.net/paulyoungcga/gross-domestic-product-gdp-canada-july-2016  Wage Growth - http://www.slideshare.net/paulyoungcga/wages-and-employment-canada-july-2016  Housing Costs - http://www.slideshare.net/paulyoungcga/real-estate-trends-and-analysis-for-canada- august-2016  Youth Unemployment - http://debatepost.com/2016/09/14/canada-continues-importing-unskilled- immigrant-while-unemployment-rate-climbs-to-7/  Career Management/Innovation - http://www.slideshare.net/paulyoungcga/2016-employment-outlook- canada

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