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NICAR delivering the news over HTTPS

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Lots of websites — from Wikipedia to Reddit to the Washington Post — are moving towards encrypting all of their web traffic to protect their readers' privacy. We'll talk about what this all means (benefits, downsides) and problems we've encountered moving to HTTPS (and how we solved them).

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NICAR delivering the news over HTTPS

  1. 1. Delivering the news over HTTPS
  2. 2. Paul Schreiberpaul.schreiber@fivethirtyeight.com @paulschreiber
  3. 3. 15%
  4. 4. http://www.bbc.co.uk/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/persian/ ✔
  5. 5. HTTP1991–2016
  6. 6. HTTP1991–2016
  7. 7. Marking HTTP As Non-Secure We, the Chrome Security Team, propose that user agents (UAs) gradually change their UX to display non-secure origins as affirmatively non-secure. We intend to devise and begin deploying a transition plan for Chrome in 2015. The goal of this proposal is to more clearly display to users that HTTP provides no data security.
  8. 8. Marking HTTP As Non-Secure We, the Chrome Security Team, propose that user agents (UAs) gradually change their UX to display non-secure origins as affirmatively non-secure. We intend to devise and begin deploying a transition plan for Chrome in 2015. The goal of this proposal is to more clearly display to users that HTTP provides no data security.
  9. 9. Deprecating Non-Secure HTTP Today we are announcing our intent to phase out non-secure HTTP. There are two broad elements of this plan: 1. Setting a date after which all new features will be available only to secure websites 2. Gradually phasing out access to browser features for non-secure websites, especially features that pose risks to users’ security and privacy.
  10. 10. Deprecating Non-Secure HTTP Today we are announcing our intent to phase out non-secure HTTP. There are two broad elements of this plan: 1. Setting a date after which all new features will be available only to secure websites 2. Gradually phasing out access to browser features for non-secure websites, especially features that pose risks to users’ security and privacy.
  11. 11. Deprecating Non-Secure HTTP Today we are announcing our intent to phase out non-secure HTTP. There are two broad elements of this plan: 1. Setting a date after which all new features will be available only to secure websites 2. Gradually phasing out access to browser features for non-secure websites, especially features that pose risks to users’ security and privacy.
  12. 12. The HTTPS-Only Standard All browsing activity should be considered private and sensitive. —https.cio.gov
  13. 13. A Call to Action If you run a news site, or any site at all, we’d like to issue a friendly challenge to you. Make a commitment to have your site fully on HTTPS by the end of 2015 and pledge your support with the hashtag #https2015. —Eitan Konigsburg, Rajiv Pant and Elena Kvochko “Embracing HTTPS” November 13, 2014
  14. 14. HTTPS
  15. 15. HTTP
  16. 16. HTTPS
  17. 17. 2008 HTTPS is slow
  18. 18. 2008 HTTPS is slow 2015 HTTPS is fast
  19. 19. HTTP 2.0
  20. 20. HTTPS
  21. 21. SHA-1
  22. 22. SHA-1
  23. 23. $ sslmate mkconfig
  24. 24. https://mozilla.github.io/ server-side-tls/ ssl-config-generator/
  25. 25. HTTPS enabled
  26. 26. HTTPS enabled HTTPS default
  27. 27. HTTPS enabled HTTPS default HSTS
  28. 28. HTTPS enabled HTTPS default HSTS HSTS preload
  29. 29. content
  30. 30. content 😕
  31. 31. content 🤔
  32. 32. comments
  33. 33. ads
  34. 34. social
  35. 35. analytics
  36. 36. CDNs
  37. 37. fonts
  38. 38. mixedcontent
  39. 39. mixedcontent $ mixed-content-scan
  40. 40. mixedcontent Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure-requests
  41. 41. mixedcontent Content-Security-Policy- Report-Only: default-src https: data: 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe- eval'; report-uri: https://myserver.com/log- tool/
  42. 42. NoHTTPS? ask nicely.
  43. 43. NoHTTPS? SoundCite placehold.it
  44. 44. mixedcontent Akamai http://hostname.com → https://a248.e.akamai.net/f/ 12/621/60d/hostname.com
  45. 45. <script src="//google.com/… <script src="https://googl… mixedcontent
  46. 46. <script src="//google.com/… <script src="https://googl… mixedcontent
  47. 47. mixedcontent
  48. 48. Many graphics from The Noun Project Mountains by Chris Cole; Statue of Liberty by John Melven; Tombstone by Jakob Wells; Congress by Martha Ormiston; Shield by Wayne Thayer; Books by Ashley van Dyck; Snail by aLf; carrot by Creative Stall; Geolocation by Alexander Smith; Notification by vijay sekhar; Microphone by Edward Boatman; Video camera by Pham Thi Dieu Linh; Full screen by Garrett Knoll; Rotation by Lemon Liu; speedmeter by Michal Beno; layers by Muhamad Ulum; arrow by Maurizio Pedrazzoli; stick by Blaise Sewell; Server by Yazmin Alanis; SEO by Azis; Money by Nick Levesque; Shopping cart by Patrizia Daidone; Lock with keyhole by Brennan Novak; Scribble by Michael Chanover; Network by Stephen Boak; Hat based on work by Blake Kimmel. ; Warning by Icomatic; Error by Anas Ramadan.

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