The Olivet Prophecy Revised

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The Olivet Prophecy Revised

  1. 1. The Olivet Prophecy 19 th & 26 th November 2008, Laindon
  2. 2. Format of our study <ul><li>Where we find the prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Its context </li></ul><ul><li>The framework of the disciples three questions </li></ul><ul><li>A detailed consideration of the prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons for us </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  3. 3. The Olivet Prophecy <ul><li>Matthew 24:1-44 </li></ul><ul><li>Mark 13:1-37 </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 21:5-36 </li></ul><ul><li>Plus associated parables (faithful and wicked servant, wise and foolish virgins, talents and sheep and goats) see Matthew 24:45 ‒ 25:46 </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  4. 4. The context of the prophecy <ul><li>At the end of Jesus’ ministry </li></ul><ul><li>On the Mount of Olives overlooking Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>In the context of Jesus’ opening statement: “all these things shall come upon this generation” Matthew 23:36-39 </li></ul><ul><li>Answering the disciples three questions Matthew 24:3 </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  5. 5. The Mount of Olives Olivet prophecy Mount of Olives
  6. 6. The disciples three questions <ul><li>“ When shall these things be?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What shall be the sign of thy coming?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ And of the end of the world?” </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  7. 7. “ When shall these things be?” <ul><li>“ These things” refers to the destruction of the Temple – “There shall not be left here one stone upon another” </li></ul><ul><li>The destruction of the Temple also signified the dissolution of the Jewish commonwealth and dispersion of its people </li></ul><ul><li>Remember: “all these things shall come upon this generation” Matthew 23:36 </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  8. 8. “ What shall be the sign of thy coming?” <ul><li>“ Coming” = Greek word parousi/a$ or parousias which means presence, being at hand ( cf e)leu/sontai or erchomai which means “the act of coming” see Matthew 24:5) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ presence would be signified when he sends his armies (the legions of Rome) cf Matthew 22:7 </li></ul><ul><li>“ There will the eagles be gathered together Matthew 24:27-28 </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  9. 9. Last Days of Judah’s Commonwealth <ul><li>“ The Roman armies were the military embodiment of the power of Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews, for the destruction of the Mosaic Commonwealth: so that where the Roman power was, there was the anointed Prince Royal of Judah, whether he was visible to mortal eyes, or not. He worked by the Roman army, and came in their coming; but as to his visible, personal presence, there is no testimony of eye-witnesses extant to prove it, though of his invisible personal presence at the siege, the testimony is ample and sufficient. In the sense, then, of being near the scene of action, Jesus taught his disciples to expect him before they had finished the work that he gave them to do” Brother John Thomas in ‘Last Days of Judah’s Commonwealth’ </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  10. 10. “ And of the end of the world?” <ul><li>Greek words for ‘world’: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24: 3 ai)w=no$ or aion = an age or dispensation of time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>:14 oi)koume/nh| or oikoumenee = the habitable earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>:21 ko/smou or kosmos = an order or arrangement of things </li></ul></ul>Olivet prophecy
  11. 11. The Aion of Sin and Death, 7000 years Olivet prophecy Beyond Source: Eureka Fall Flood Exodus AD70 Judgement Little season 7000 years Creation 1 st Aion 2 nd Aion 3rd Aion Pre-flood Mosaic Millennial
  12. 12. Destruction of Jerusalem in AD70 Olivet prophecy
  13. 13. The detail of the Olivet Prophecy in Matthew’s gospel (1) <ul><li>24:1-2 Jesus speaks of the destruction of the Temple </li></ul><ul><li>:3 On the Mount of Olives the disciples ask three questions </li></ul><ul><li>:4-5 Warning of false Christs </li></ul><ul><li>:6-8 The tribulation that will come upon Judah </li></ul><ul><li>:9-13 The tribulation that will come upon the disciples and the ecclesia </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  14. 14. The Olivet Prophecy 19 th & 26 th November 2008, Laindon
  15. 15. Olivet prophecy
  16. 16. The detail of the Olivet Prophecy in Matthew’s gospel (2) <ul><li>:14 Spread of the Gospel </li></ul><ul><li>:15-22 The time of the end of the Jewish Commonwealth (aion) </li></ul><ul><li>:23-26 More warnings of false Christs </li></ul><ul><li>:27-28 The coming of Christ’s judgements on Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>:29 The immediate effect of these judgements </li></ul><ul><li>:30-31 The second coming of Jesus Christ </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  17. 17. Flight of Christians to Pella Olivet prophecy
  18. 18. The detail of the Olivet Prophecy in Matthew’s gospel (3) <ul><li>:32-34 The parable of the fig tree </li></ul><ul><li>:35 The end of the Jewish Commonwealth or the Mosaic aion </li></ul><ul><li>:36-41 Signs of Jesus’ second coming in judgement </li></ul><ul><li>:42-44 Exhortation to all faithful disciples to watch </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  19. 19. Structure of the three Gospel accounts Olivet prophecy Matthew Mark Luke :1-3 Introduction :1-4 Introduction :5-7 Introduction :4-29 Primarily speaking of events to AD70 :5-25 Primarily speaking of events to AD70 :8-24 Primarily speaking of events to AD70 :30-31 Second coming of Christ :26-27 Second coming of Christ :25-27 Second coming of Christ :32-35 A warning for Jesus’ disciples but also an exhortation for the last days of the Gentile times :28-31 A warning for Jesus’ disciples but also an exhortation for the last days of Gentile times :28-33 A warning for Jesus’ disciples but also an exhortation for the last days of Gentile times :36-41 Primarily signs of Jesus’ second coming :32-37 All faithful disciples to watch for his coming :34-36 All faithful disciples to watch for his coming :42-44 All to watch
  20. 20. A way to think of the Prophecy Olivet prophecy Christ’s coming in AD70 A shadow of Christ’s second coming Christ’s second coming Exhortation to all disciples to watch for the coming of Jesus Christ
  21. 21. The associated parables <ul><li>24:45-51 The faithful and evil servant </li></ul><ul><li>25:1-13 The wise and the foolish virgins </li></ul><ul><li>:14-30 The talents </li></ul><ul><li>:31-51 The parable of the sheep and goats OR </li></ul><ul><li>The judgement of the nations of the world </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  22. 22. Lessons for us (1) <ul><li>The signs of Jesus’ coming are there both to reassure us and to warn us </li></ul><ul><li>We must prepare so that we are ready for his return </li></ul><ul><li>We must not allow ourselves to be distracted by the here and now </li></ul><ul><li>We must serve our brothers and sisters, supporting and helping them </li></ul>Olivet prophecy
  23. 23. Lessons for us (2) <ul><li>Time is short, even though this has been said for many years it has never been more true than it is today </li></ul><ul><li>Let us heed these lessons whether we believe the prophecy to be talking of AD70 or the second coming </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Carpe diem’ – ‘seize the day’ </li></ul>Olivet prophecy

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