Introduction:The aim of this report is to provide reader a clearbackground information and outline of this novel.Besides that explanation of some proper nouns willdefinitely help you.
BackgroundⅠ:Nineteen Eighty-Four is quite arguably George Orwells bestwork, finished just before he died, which describes hisprophetic vision of the future in haunting detail. Publishedin 1949, it is a typical political fiction and social sciencefiction.Orwell described an imaginary totalitarian society which isterrible and choking, life is hopeless and mind wascontrolled by party, through a detailed description ofordinary people living in this society, revealing any form oftotalitarianism will inevitably lead to people or even thewhole country a tragedy.The Last Man in Europe was one of the original titles forthe novel.
BackgroundⅡ:in 1984, after a global war,nuclear weapon destoryedprevious social order and civilization process, the worldwas divided by three intercontinental super-states, thereare Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia.The story happened In London, the Airstrip One capitalcity of Oceania. The country actually was controlled byparty:Ingsoc (English Socialism), and Newspeak is itsofficial language.
Outline：Winston Smith, outer party member, working in Ministryof TruthJulia, Winstons loverThe story began with Winstons journal. In his diary, hedoubted the power of Big Brother, started to review hissurroundings. No long, he intellectually rebelled against theParty and fell in love with Julia, but his betray had beenddiscoveryed and captured by thought plioce. Consequentimprisonment, interrogation, torture, and re-educationmade he covert and be loyal to party. At last, he becamean ilde drunk, accepted the thought theroy of party. Herecognized " he defeated himself. He loves big brother. ”
proper nouns:Big Brother: he is at everywhere, the dark-eyed, mustachioedembodiment of the Party governing Oceania.Ingsoc: A party control everything in Oceania.telescreen: something like Closed-circuit television.thought police: a kind of police which duty is to uncover and punishthoughtcrime and eliminate rebell members of society 。
Four major departments in Oceania:Ministry of Peace (Newspeak: Minipax)Ministry of Plenty (Newspeak: Miniplenty)Ministry of Truth (Newspeak: Minitrue)Ministry of Love (Newspeak: Miniluv)Newspeak： it is closely based on English but has a greatly reducedand simplified vocabulary and grammar