Hawaii chapters conf.aug 2013


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OFG slideshow for Hawaii Surfrider Chapters Conference

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Hawaii chapters conf.aug 2013

  1. 1. Surfrider Foundation’s Mission A grass-roots environmental organization dedicated to the protection and enjoyment of oceans, waves and beaches through a powerful activist network.
  2. 2. Transform landscapes and hardscapes to prevent water pollution by applying CPR: Conservation, Permeability & Retention. We do this through education, hands-on events, and policy work. www.oceanfriendlygardens.org Ocean Friendly Gardens Program Mission
  3. 3. KnowYourH2O.org (Ecosystem-Based Management) Ocean Friendly Gardens Green Streets Wastewater Reuse Integrated Water Management at home in your watershed in your city in your neighborhood individual action public policy
  4. 4. Urban Runoff Is The No. 1 Source of Ocean Pollution Dry Weather Wet Weather
  5. 5. To Storm Drains…
  6. 6. During a storm, billions of gallons of water may run through the storm drain system. This overwhelms the cleaning system and pollutes our waterways. Increased runoff also means decreased groundwater recharge. Through The Flood Control System…
  7. 7. Image courtesy of Heal the Bay To Our Oceans and Beaches…
  8. 8. Flooding, Road Wear & Pollutants Car oil Metals Pesticides Nutrients Sediment Bacteria Resource Conservation District-Santa Cruz Water Seen As A Problem: Pipe, Pave and Pollute
  9. 9. And Harmful Algal Blooms Nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorous) from human activities Wikimedia
  10. 10. Combined Sewer Outflows – in older big cities: Stormwater + Untreated Wastewater Can Flow To Ocean www.moundsvillewwtp.com
  11. 11. Natural Watershed By King County, WA DNRP A watershed is the area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes into the same place. US EPA “Spongy” soil - Soil microorganisms bring plants food and water, and filter pollutants. Water is stored in soil.
  12. 12. Built-On Watershed By King County, WA DNRP
  13. 13. Image courtesy of Santa Monica Office of Sustainability & Environment. Runoff Overspray Evaporation Green waste Impermeable Surfaces Compacted Soil How Typical Runoff Occurs No Shade Wasted Resources & Poor Quality of Life Unused Landscape No Habitat No Rainwater HarvestingNo Food Security Poor Air Quality
  14. 14. Focus On The First Flush First ¾ – 1 inch of rain after a dry period Contains 80% of the pollutants
  15. 15. Start Thinking of Your Home As A Mini-Watershed Apply C.P.R. To Revive Watersheds and Oceans Conservation Permeability Retention
  16. 16. Conservation Retention Your Yard Is Connected To The Beach Conservation of Water, Wildlife Habitat, & Energy • Native plants adapted to climate. No fertilizers & chemicals • Veggies and fruit trees ok: reduced food-miles • Spacing plants for mature size: reduces green waste Permeability Retention of rainwater • For plants, maintain stream flows, sinks into groundwater • In barrels if needed to water fruit trees and veggies Permeability of soil and hard surfaces • Healthy, biologically active soil: compost, mulch • Gaps in hard surfaces. Good air & water flow
  17. 17. Average Rainfall Enough for Plants & Nourishes A Watershed 1,000 sq. foot roof x 1 inch rain x .62 gallons/sq. ft = 600 gallons This water can: Irrigate plants Maintain creek flows Recharge groundwater
  18. 18. City of Santa Monica, CA More Benefits - Less Money & Time
  19. 19. OFG Program Strategic Planning • Build on Surfrider programs – Blue Water Task Force, beach clean-ups, fighting storm water outfall pipes • Hands-on training - volunteers & land owners (& renters) - agencies & professionals – apply to their projects • Create examples - spark change • Collaborate - government, water districts, landscape professionals, academia, NGOs, community groups
  20. 20. OFG Program Components (Template): Educate, Train, Assist and Connect People Garden Assistance Program (GAP) Hands-On Workshops (HOWs) Lawn Patrol: Neighborhood Walk Basics Class
  21. 21. OFG Sign, Book, Blog and Online Tracking CPR, GAP and Lawn Patrol © 2010 Surfrider Foundation. All rights reserved. YOUR LOGO HERE
  22. 22. OFG Activist Toolkit
  23. 23. OFG Lawn Patrol = Neighborhood Walk Outdoor Education * Training The Eye * Spotting OFGs for Signs * Help Those Almost
  24. 24. We Look For Gardens That Are Ocean Friendly
  25. 25. And Educate About Gardens That Are Not Not good: rain chain drains into underground pipe to street
  26. 26. We Offer Info & Help To Go OFG Attend a Class or Workshop and get involved!
  27. 27. OFG Program Series 800 sq. ft. lawn retrofit Lawn used 21,000 gallons of water/year Dry and wet weather runoff
  28. 28. (1) OFG Basics Class: • Taught by professional • Picked a person ready to go OFG (2) Hands-On Workshop: Site Evaluation • Measure site • Check runoff & water use
  29. 29. With A Little Professional Coaching He Developed A Design
  30. 30. (3) GAP Funding: ½ City of Ventura Public Works Dept. ½ Surfrider Chapter – backfill with participant donation of $10 for Series
  31. 31. Simple Design – Dug Out Soil Mounded
  32. 32. His All-In Cost Was $600, Including Food
  33. 33. December 2010 – 4” of Rain
  34. 34. Copying Nature – 3 S’s: Slow, Spread, Sink Streams Don’t Flow in a Straight Line or have concrete linings. They have curves, ups and downs, and permeable sides and bottoms. • Slow it – rocks at base of downspout; rain chains; mulch or gravel. • Spread it – small amount distributed to multiple areas. • Sink it – soil holds onto water, supplies creek flows, or recharges groundwater.
  35. 35. March 2011 – Another 3.5” of Rain
  36. 36. No Irrigation Needed Through August 2011 Reduced Water Use by 90% Zero Dry-Weather Runoff Zero Wet-Weather Runoff Built Habitat
  37. 37. June 2013 – Filled In
  38. 38. Scaling Up – GAP Host Helps His Neighbor “Sheet mulching” parkway – smothering grass
  39. 39. OFG vs. Rain Garden Rain garden: • Water from part of roof • Direct to shallow depression • Plants adapted to wet conditions OFG • Applies CPR to whole site • Prevent runoff everyday, including dry weather
  40. 40. Green Streets – “Before”
  41. 41. Professional Design
  42. 42. Un-Compacted and Mulched
  43. 43. Surfrider Brings Media And Volunteers: GAP Workday
  44. 44. Donated Services: Contractor & Host Cut Curbs * Professional design * City’s no-cost permit Angled cut = water flows in easily (20” wide)
  45. 45. Multiple “sponges” Basins, not swales Existing soil ID utilities – call Dig- Alert (writing on street & sidewalk)
  46. 46. Sponging & Cleaning Rainwater: Polluted runoff from street sponged up by soil and cleansed
  47. 47. Next Step - Permeable Driveway
  48. 48. Cut Your Driveway & Curb Neighborhood Block Parties! If We Had A Million Dollars… We’d Have 5,000+ OFG Driveways & Curb Cuts
  49. 49. OFG Blossoms Through An Collaborative Approach ① Bringing OFG to Agencies, Professionals, Non-Profits ① Professional Leadership & Support at Hands-on Activities ② Multiple Funding Partners ③ Highly visible sites, e.g., public ones ④ Multiple benefits: water quality, water supply, flood management, etc.
  50. 50. Recap • Principles - CPR: Conservation, Permeability, Retention - Slow it, Spread it, Sink it • Program – walks, talks, workdays, workshops • Partnerships – fills gaps and scale up
  51. 51. Action Plan • Form OFG Committee Chair, lead activities, tabling/speaking, policy work • Evaluate Chapter Capacity and Interest Existing programs & resources (Chapter 5-Toolkit) Reach out to professionals, agencies, etc. • Develop a Strategic Plan Sample one: Chapter 9-Toolkit My roles - support Chapters and Surfrider Staff: Resources – website, blog, forum, regular updates Expertise – talk, assist Paul Herzog - pherzog@surfrider.org, 310-430-9760 or 310-439-2500