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Who is your Social Media Self? College Student Motivation and Vulnerability Online

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Originally presented at Boston University in December of 2016 as a part of a digital technology and higher education speaker series. Presents my original research on social and digital technology and college students.

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Who is your Social Media Self? College Student Motivation and Vulnerability Online

  1. WhoisyourSocialMediaSelf? College Student Motivation and Vulnerability Online w/ Dr. @PaulGordonBrown
  2. @paulgordonbrown www.paulgordonbrown.com paulgordonbrown@gmail.com
  3. GainLossvs
  4. 89% of adults 18-29 years old use social media 67% access it on mobile 98% of adults ages 18-29 are on the internet 70 70 70 43% 60% 89% 65+ 50-64 30-49 70 78% 18-29 social media use by age younger generations are using the internet, social media, and mobile technologies at a high rate
  5. ISTE STANDARDS FOR STUDENTS 2016
  6. 2016 ISTE Standards for Students
  7. eRezLife
  8. “Themajor achievementof normaldevelopment wasafirmandfixed ‘senseofidentity’” -Gergen Traditionaltheoriesheldthat…
  9. Wenolongerexist asplaywrightsor actorsbutas terminalsof multiplenetworks. -Baudrillard
  10. “Theattemptinthis caseistoconstruct anontologythat replacesthevisionof theboundedselfas theatomofthe socialworld.” -Gergen
  11. Question Research How do college students conceptualize who they are and how they present themselves when they are engaged in digital and social media? @paulgordonbrown
  12. Roger’s Diffusion of Innovation (Rogers, 2003) sample 16 student College students 18-24 years old ‣ Completing/completed coursework in social media (half) ‣ Identified by college staff has heavy/sophisticated users (half) Student Profile ‣ From a highly selective research university on a residential campus near a major metropolitan area in the Northeast Qualitative Study Grounded Theory Method
  13. Pre-interview Questionnaire ‣ Establish usage patterns of participant Semistructured Interview (First Session, 1 hour) ‣ Probe how students understand self ‣ Examine how sense is made of online/offline life Synchronous Ethnographic Tour * (Second Session, 1 hour) ‣ Observe how students interact online ‣ How is identity constructed/understood Semistructured Interview (First Session, 1 hour) ‣ Probe how students understand self ‣ Examine how sense is made of online/offline life data collection * (Martínez Alemán & Lynk Wartman, 2009, p. 23)
  14. 1 2Digital Identity or Reputation Digitized Development @paulgordonbrown
  15. Digital Identity @paulgordonbrown@paulgordonbrown
  16. Digital Identity @paulgordonbrown Or more accurately, digital identities, are the personas, data, and actions we take online as well as the reputation of those identities and how they are viewed by others. @paulgordonbrown
  17. @paulgordonbrown
  18. digital stamp @paulgordonbrown
  19. FROM THE WOMB! We even have digital stamps @paulgordonbrown
  20. Your Name @paulgordonbrown
  21. Your Name What is the first thing that comes up? Is it you? Is it someone else? What do you want to come up?
  22. BE AWARE! @paulgordonbrown
  23. We need to educate each other on digital reputation.
  24. Digital Identity @paulgordonbrown@paulgordonbrown
  25. DigitalIdentity/ Reputation vs Digitized Development What We Produce vs What We Are What Other People See vs How We See Ourselves Can Be Taught Through Rules vs Must Be Learned Dynamically A By-Product Of Development vs The Developmental Process Itself
  26. Digital Identities Digitized DevelopmentOne’s level of sophistication in navigating digitized development impacts how one chooses to present one’s digital identities and how one understands these digital identities in relation to their sense of self. One’s digital identities and the exploration of and action through these identities influences one’s level of sophistication in navigating digitized development (and potentially how one conceptualizes one’s selfhood as digitized). Digital identities are the different representations and personas students take on through different social media platforms and in presentation to different audiences. Digitized development is what occurs when developmental processes, behaviors, and life experiences play out differently as a result of the influence of social and digital technology, their affordances, and the virtual spaces these technologies create. ReciprocalRelationship
  27. Digitized Development @paulgordonbrown@paulgordonbrown
  28. Digitized Development @paulgordonbrown is the underlying developmental processes that inform how we understand ourselves and our behavior in digital spaces. Digitized development can carry unique properties from offline development. @paulgordonbrown
  29. MarciaBaxterMagolda’s TheoryofSelf-Authorship
  30. Student explores and experiments openly with social media. This is strongly influenced by authorities (parents/guardians) through access and peers through peer culture. Student does not understand how online and offline interactions can impact each other or possess a sophisticated understanding of context. Student makes conscious choices about social media usage and how it fits into life desires, outlook, and goals. Student realizes that one’s online life requires constant renegotiation as one’s goals, needs, contexts, and circumstances change. @paulgordonbrown
  31. Pursuitof Likes @paulgordonbrown
  32. “HowmanyLikesdid yourpostget?” “Whatdoesthatmean?” Addie
  33. “Thatnumberinitself doesn’tmeananything unlessyoucompareitto otherposts.” -Addie @paulgordonbrown
  34. “Thenyougetinthatwhole thingwherepeoplestart comparingthemselvesto otherpeople.Thatreallyisn’t thebestroutetogodown.” Addie “You’rethinkingaboutit toomuch.”
  35. IMAGE: CHOMPOO BARITONE Curating Perfected Images
  36. “…inthebackofmy mindthere’sacertain standardofinteraction thatIgetoneverysingle tweetthatIwantto makesureIdon’tdrop below.” -Mesut
  37. IMAGE: CHOMPOO BARITONE Selective Viewof Reality
  38. “…weusesocialmediaasa highlightreelofourlivesand howmanytimesoutoften wouldyousaythatyou wouldn'tpostsomething becauseit'snotahighlight.” -Hallie @paulgordonbrown
  39. There'salotoftimeswhenyouthinkthat peoplehavethebestlifeeverbecauseof whatthey'reposting. Wheninreality they'regoingthroughalot,andprobably manysimilarthingsthatyouare,but becausethey'repostingallthisfunstuff, youthinkthattheirlivesareperfect.” -Hallie
  40. masks adance outfits
  41. “…it’salmostlikedoinga dancethatyoucan’tbe toomuchofsomething.” -Liam @paulgordonbrown
  42. games playing
  43. “I'vegottokeepup.” -Annie @paulgordonbrown
  44. “Yeahit’sexhausting… it’swhatcausesmy unhappiness… thecomparisonsget sointense… IfeellikeI’mjusta constantfailure” -Logan
  45. IMAGE: CHOMPOO BARITONE Consuming Perfected Images
  46. “That’swhat,Iassume,[is] causingmygreatest dissatisfactionat[college]. Seeingmylifeincomparison toothers.” -Logan @paulgordonbrown
  47. “Idefinitelythinkaboutit morethanIshould.” -Ashley @paulgordonbrown
  48. MoreSeparate Digital/PhysicalWorlds MoreIntegrated Digital/PhysicalWorlds Analogies
  49. “Differentmasks,orthe differentfacesI'llputonfor differentsocialmedia platforms.It’snotnecessarily thatI'macompletelydifferent person,butit'sjustdifferent.” -Meghan
  50. “Ihavethisoneidentitybutit kindofmoldsalittlebittomatch whatisnecessaryforeachsocial network.Notnecessarilylying aboutmyselfit’sjustthatIkindof fitmyidentityintothatspecific oneIguess.” -Logan
  51. “It'slikeapieceofyouand eachsocialmediaoutletisa differentpieceofyou…” -Grace
  52. Use of Technology Heavy UsersLight Users Digitized Development High Level SophisticationLow Level Sophistication Digitized Selfhood mulitplistic/relativistic/relationalsingular/unitary Heavy technology usage is necessary but not sufficient for digitized development to emerge. One could be a heavy user of technology and yet not use it in a way that leads towards greater digitization of development. Similar to physical world development, individuals reach towards higher level sophistication in navigating digitized development over time. Digitized selfhood is the extent to which one views digital/virtual spaces as an integral part of one’s being and therefore constructs concepts of self that are more multiplistic, relativistic, and relational as opposed to singular and unitary. Technology Usage, Digitized Development, and Digitized Selfhood ? ?? Digitized selfhood was hypothesized, but only weakly found in this study. Digitized development is what occurs when developmental processes, behaviors, and life experiences play out differently as a result of the influence of social and digital technology, their affordances, and the virtual spaces these technologies create.
  53. Weneedtolearn toown,rather thanbeowned by,technology. @paulgordonbrown
  54. social media can be used for so much MORE
  55. @paulgordonbrown
  56. don’t teach fearwith @paulgordonbrown
  57. don’t teach with shame @paulgordonbrown
  58. be open to new paradigms of organizing @paulgordonbrown
  59. learnfromeachother aboutthesetools @paulgordonbrown
  60. teacheach otherhowto collaborateand accomplish groupwork online @paulgordonbrown
  61. Teachand learnabout managing digital reputations. @paulgordonbrown
  62. bendthearc towards socialgood @paulgordonbrown
  63. Image Credit: REUTERS/Kimimasa Mayama (http://www.businessinsider.com/vatican-square-2005-and-2013-2013-3) 2005ElectionofPopeBenedict
  64. Image Credit: AP (http://www.businessinsider.com/vatican-square-2005-and-2013-2013-3) 2013ElectionofPopeFrancis
  65. Social media in student activist movements… Removes and lessens barriers Serves as a tool for organizing and mobilizingAdam Gismondi, Ph.D. @AdamGismondi / @TuftsIDHE Institute for Democracy & Higher Education
  66. Social media in student activist movements… Serves as a conduit for information dissemination and consumption Creates a “common language” Adam Gismondi, Ph.D. @AdamGismondi / @TuftsIDHE Institute for Democracy & Higher Education
  67. but it also… Lead to an avoidance of civil debate Adam Gismondi, Ph.D. @AdamGismondi / @TuftsIDHE Institute for Democracy & Higher Education Create an intimidating environment for early-stage development
  68. learndigital citizenshipskills @paulgordonbrown
  69. become digitally literate @paulgordonbrown
  70. vulnerable be @paulgordonbrown
  71. making mistakes isbetter than faking perfections
  72. It’sokay…andevenadvised… totakeabreakfrom technologyonoccasion.
  73. be a good partner in learning
  74. @paulgordonbrown www.paulgordonbrown.com paulgordonbrown@gmail.com

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