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Suffixes S Es Ed Ly


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rules for adding the suffixes s, es, ed, and ly

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Suffixes S Es Ed Ly

  1. 1. Suffixes Adding s and es, ed, ly
  2. 2. PLURALS » adding s and es <ul><li>adding s is the most common choice: chairs, floors, shoes, elephants </li></ul><ul><li>add es if the base word ends in s, sh, ch , x, or z : glasses, arches, sashes, foxes </li></ul><ul><li>When a noun ends in y after a consonant , change the y to i and add es </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adding ed in reading and spelling <ul><li>The suffix ed means past tense. It is always spelled ed, but can be pronounced as either a t or d. </li></ul><ul><li>For spelling, listen to hear if a word is past tense (so is spelled ed ) or if it just ends in a d or t sound. </li></ul><ul><li>For reading, use the /t/ sound when the letter just before ed is unvoiced (dressed, asked, washed, stuffed). Use the /d/ sound when the sound just before it is voiced and neither t or d. (called, turned, crawled, snowed) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Voiced vs Voiceless <ul><li>What is Voiced? </li></ul><ul><li>A simple explanation of voiced consonants is that they use the voice. This is easy to test by putting your finger on your throat. If you feel a vibration the consonant is voiced. Here is a list of some voiced consonants. Pronounce each consonant sound and feel the vibration of your vocal chords. b, d, th (as in then), v, l, r, z, j (as in Jane) </li></ul><ul><li>What is Voiceless? </li></ul><ul><li>Voiceless consonants do not use the voice. They are percussive and use hard sounds. Once again, you can test if a consonant is voiceless by putting your finger on your throat. You will feel no vibration in your throat, just a short explosion of air as you pronounce. Pronounce each of these consonant sounds and feel NO vibration in your throat. p, t, k, s, sh, ch, th (as in thing) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Adding ly <ul><li>The suffix ly means how or in a certain way. It changes an adjective (describing word) into an adverb (how word). </li></ul><ul><li>Add ly to a base word unless: </li></ul><ul><li>-the base is a silent e word, you keep the silent e and add ly </li></ul><ul><li>- the word ends in l, double it and add ly </li></ul><ul><li>-the word ends in c-le, change the e to y </li></ul><ul><li> - the word ends in a consonant followed by y, change the y to i and add ly </li></ul>