O. Ivar Lovaas Model of ABA: Lesson Guide

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Here\'s a guide to help teachers use the DTT approach. Very simple and neat!

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  • O. Ivar Lovaas Model of ABA: Lesson Guide

    1. 1. D iscrete T rial T eaching The Application of an ABA Strategy for Children with Autism & Other Disabilities Paula R. Ulloa ED657 Advanced Techniques: Multiple & Severe Disabilities July 18, 2008 The Lovaas Method implements:
    2. 2. You should be able to… <ul><li>Demonstrate how to do a discrete trial </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the use of prompting strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the use reinforcers </li></ul>
    3. 3. ABA Umbrella PRT PECS FCT DTT NET
    4. 4. <ul><li>Simple and concise instructions </li></ul><ul><li>1x Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid instructions or cues to gain attending behaviors </li></ul>Instruction <ul><li>3-5 seconds & caveats </li></ul>Response Feedback <ul><li>Immediate </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Corrective Feedback </li></ul>I R F!
    5. 5. A Instruction B Behavior C Feedback 3-5 secs 2-3 secs.
    6. 6. Prompts: No No Prompt vs. Errorless Learning <ul><li>Full Physical Prompt </li></ul><ul><li>Partial Physical Prompt </li></ul><ul><li>Gestural Prompt </li></ul><ul><li>Positional Prompt (proximity) </li></ul><ul><li>Within Stimulus Prompt (correct option) </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal Cues </li></ul><ul><li>Inadvertent Prompts </li></ul>Arugh?
    7. 7. A Instruction B Behavior C Feedback Prompt 3-5 secs 2-3 secs.
    8. 8. Improving the Quality of A Response Differential Reinforcement (complete a reinforcer assessment) <ul><li>A+ </li></ul><ul><li>Correct answer/good attention and engaged </li></ul>B Correct answer, attention is off C Incorrect answer but good attention and really tried. arrr..
    9. 9. DTT Process A Instruction B Behavior C Feedback Reinforcement? Prompt 3-5 secs 2-3 secs.
    10. 10. What just happened? <ul><li>DTT can be effective for any student that needs more structure </li></ul><ul><li>Researched-based specifically as an intervention for autism </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to learn & use </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency among environments & personnel is key </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hmmm……….. <ul><li>Is this the BEST method of intervention for individuals with autism? </li></ul><ul><li>How does ABA:DTT affect socialization and development of social skills? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we use ABA:DTT with other interventions for autism? </li></ul>
    12. 12. References <ul><li>Guam Public School System Division of Special Education Autism Program </li></ul><ul><li>The Lovaas Institute www.lovaas.com </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf, R. & McEachin, J. A Work In </li></ul><ul><li>Progress. New York, NY: DRL </li></ul><ul><li>Books, Inc. </li></ul>

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