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Updated reflective practice session 2 m1 28.10.16


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Moodle 1 Session 2 Reflective Practice

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Updated reflective practice session 2 m1 28.10.16

  1. 1. Reflective Practice Module 1 Session 2 * Paula Nottingham: note some slides repeated from 2013 presentation to CILIP
  2. 2. Postgraduate Course Feedback Reflective Practice “Reflective practice can enable practitioners to learn from experience about themselves, their work and the way they relate to home and work, significant others and wider society and culture… It challenges assumptions ideological illusions, damaging social and cultural biases, inequalities, and questions personal behaviours which perhaps silence the choices of others or otherwise marginalise them” (Bolton, 2010, p.3).
  3. 3. Reflecting upon practice Making the time to start the journey.
  4. 4. Reflective practice in professional life Ideas for the arts, culture, society, subjects like dance, performance, musical theatre, fine arts Reflection on what you know Experience of practice
  5. 5. Using Reflection inside interior Personal your journal exterior professional with others your blog and workplace
  6. 6. The journey Allowing critical reflection to guide present and future action. Stargazing
  7. 7. Schön – reflecting on practice Reflection-in-action practice is when practitioners think about practice while they are doing it. Reflection-on-action can happen after the encounter. It is about using tacit knowledge and treating experience as ‘unique’ versus solely using technical rationality. “It is the entire process of reflection-in-action which is central to the ‘art’ by which some practitioners deal well with situations of uncertainty, instability uniqueness, and value conflict” (Schön, 1983, p. 50).
  8. 8. Honey and Mumford – how you learn – one example We learn in different ways – Activist - learning by doing – Reflectors - learning by observing – Theorist - learning by thinking through in a logical manner – Pragmatist - learning through putting ideas into practice and testing them out “Honey and Alan Mumford developed their learning styles system as a variation on the Kolb model…” (Infed, 2013, online).
  9. 9. Experiential models for reflection Kolb and others developed models of experiential learning practice that include developing learning from doing. Learning from experience is a variation of this practice.
  10. 10. Gibbs and experiential models for reflection /reflective.html
  11. 11. What is Reflective Practice? Boud in ‘Creating a Work-based Curriculum’, Work-based Learning A New Higher Education (Boud and Solomon, 2001) p. 55. “Critical reflection is important… because it is only through deeper critique that work situations can be improved, workplaces transformed and productivity significantly enhanced. It is about noticing and questioning the taken-for-granted assumptions that one holds and that are held by others. While it can be discomforting process, it is necessary in all situations that do not involve perpetuating the status quo.”
  12. 12. Dewey John Dewey introduced a practical way of thinking saying that experience was key to understanding. “Reflective thinking is always more or less troublesome because it involves overcoming the inertia that inclines one to take things at face value ; it involves willingness to endure a condition of mental unrest and disturbance (1910, p.13). “Unconsciousness gives spontaneity and freshness ; consciousness conviction and control” (2010, p. 217).
  13. 13. The journey Seeing the realities of practice. Allowing the process to clarify and articulate needs.
  14. 14. Using Reflection Personal goals that can be played out at work and home to develop a work/life balance and utilise informal learning Where do you think the process of reflection might help you improve or develop more useful practice? Job description What is your role What do you do?
  15. 15. Twyla Thwarp suggests in The Creative Habit (2003) reflected using her dance practice (see Reader 2) Mihaly Csikszenrmihalyi talks about ‘flow’ and suggests that emersing yourself in a ‘domain’ that you truly love will allow the “foundations for creativity” to be in place”. (2006) =en Pronounced Chick – sent – me - high Thinking within the arts – related to reflection…. /7/choreographers-and-composers-lab- reflection-on-a-2-week-intensive Think about reflecting on your experiences – including all aspects of what you do.
  16. 16. Thinking within the arts – related to reflection….
  17. 17. Reviewing an incident using Kolb Take an larger significant incident from you own professional working environment and apply the thinking form the Kolb cycle. Discuss this with others. Doing… Reviewing… Concluding… Planning/trying out… What did you do? How did it go? What ideas would you keep or do differently? When we you try out the new version after reflecting on the outcomes?
  18. 18. Learning Log exercise What was the task for the learning? What have I learned about the focus/task? How can I be more effective? What needs to be done and why? e.g. acquiring knowledge, feedback/discussion with peers? What have I discovered about myself? e.g. strengths, points of view, values… Fill out the sample learning log using a small and focused experience from your workplace. This could be done in your reflective journal. Date
  19. 19. Using Reflection What did you learn about yourself? What did your learn about your workplace? Experience of practice
  20. 20. Using Reflection What are your ideas? Have you put these thought in your journal or on a blog? How can you action your ideas? Following up on the critical reflection - making a difference to practice…
  21. 21. Using reflective practice with others Leading others along the way Guiding service users in reflective practice.
  22. 22. Communities of Practice (Wenger) “Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly” (Wenger, 2011, online).
  23. 23. Mapping your CoPs – networking that is related to reflective practice Using the 3 elements as guides map and describe and map your communities of practice and the elements of coherence they might have.
  24. 24. Your network of practice See if you can map your communities of practice – then we will discuss how you can use reflective practice in these groupings.
  25. 25. Your network of practice How can your reflective practice to think about activity within your professional communities of practice? Can everyone think of 3 ways that reflective practice can be shared within your various communities? Try to action these as you develop your community networks. Work role 1 Professional communityPersonal or voluntary Work role 2
  26. 26. Adding to or making a start Use today’s exercises to develop a sense of where you need to apply critical reflection in your practice.
  27. 27. Add to your portfolio Add to your portfolio where you can continue to explore the practices discussed today. Personal journal Work log Concept drawings Collecting evidence Digital blog Work based identity Participating in online Forums
  28. 28. Reflective Practice ‘Ain’t no mountain high enough’
  29. 29. Indicative Bibliography Bolton, Gillie (2010) (3rd Ed.) Reflective Practice Writing a& Professional Development, London: Sage Publications Ltd. Boud, David and Solomon, Nicky (2001) Work-based Learning A New Higher Education A New Higher Education, SRHE, Buckingham: Taylor and Francis Inc. Infed (2013) reflection Infed (2013) (online) reflection learning-and-education/; ‘david a. kolb on experiential learning’, Available from; ‘Schon’, Available at: International Review of Open and Distance Learning (2011) (illustration of CoP) (online) Available from: Kolb, David A. (1984) Experiential Learning: Experience As The Source Of Learning And Development, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Kolb’s Learning Styles (2011) (illustration and text) Available from Murillo, E. (2011) "Communities of practice in the business and organization studies literature" Information Research, 16(1) paper 464. [Available at] (Illustration)
  30. 30. Indicative Bibliography Nottingham, Patience (2013) Illustrations ‘Ain’t no mountain high enough’ © used with permission of artist Saddington, T. (2011) (online) Available from: Schön, D. (1983) The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think In Action, New York, NY: USA: Basic Books. Schön, D. (1987) Educating the Reflective Practitioner: Towards a New Design for Teaching and Learning in the Professions, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers. University of Leicester (2011) ‘Honey and Mumford’, Available from: mumford Wenger, E. (2006) ‘Communities of Practice a Brief Introduction’, available from: [Accessed 4/12/06] Wenger, E., White, N. and Smith, J. (2009) Digital Habitas Stewarding Technology for Communities, Portland, USA: CPSquare. Wenger, E. (2011) Website (online) Available from