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Localizacao relativa

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  • Verifique a fonte ⇒ www.boaaluna.club ⇐. Este site me ajudou escrever uma monografia.
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Localizacao relativa

  1. 1. A LocalizaçãoA Localização RelativaRelativa
  2. 2. ►Localização RelativaLocalização Relativa – é a– é a localização de um lugar em relação a outro.localização de um lugar em relação a outro. Quatro processos:Quatro processos: Rosa-dos-ventos Movimento aparente diurno do Sol Bússola Estrela Polar / Cruzeiro do Sul GPS
  3. 3. A Rosa-dos-VentosA Rosa-dos-Ventos Rosa-dos-ventosRosa-dos-ventos – é o conjunto dos rumos correspondentes aos pontos cardeais, colaterais e intermédios que permitem a orientação. Pontos CardeaisPontos Cardeais – principais rumos da rosa-dos- ventos: Norte, Sul, Este e Oeste. Pontos ColateraisPontos Colaterais – rumos da rosa-dos-ventos, Nordeste (NE), Sueste (SE), Noroeste (NO) e Sudoeste (SO) que estão na posição intermédia em relação aos pontos cardeais.
  4. 4. A Rosa-dos-VentosA Rosa-dos-Ventos
  5. 5. À Procura...À Procura... Vê onde te levam os vários caminhos e descobre que outros nomes podes dar aos pontos cardeais. Norte = ? Sul = ? Este = ? Oeste = ?
  6. 6. Como fazer localizamos através da Rosa-dos-ventos? ►Temos que imaginar a rosa-dos-ventos centrada no lugar de referência e ver qual a direcção em que se encontra o lugar que pretendemos localizar.
  7. 7. EXERCÍCIOS
  8. 8. Selecciona a resposta correcta. Exercício seguinte
  9. 9.  Norte  Oeste  Este 1 – Os Açores em relação à Europa encontram-se a: 2 – A África relativamente à Europa:  Este  Norte 3 – A África em relação à Madeira:  Este  Oeste  Norte  Sul Exercício seguinte
  10. 10.  Sul 4 – Os Açores em relação à Madeira  Noroeste  Sudeste  Este 5 – O Oceano Atlântico relativamente a Portugal:  Este  Oeste 6 – A Madeira em relação a Portugal:  Norte  Sul  Sudoeste Exercício seguinte
  11. 11. O Movimento Aparente do SolO Movimento Aparente do Sol Movimento Diurno Aparente do SolMovimento Diurno Aparente do Sol – movimento que o Sol parece descrever em volta da Terra, em sentido retrógrado (sentido dos ponteiros do relógio; de Este para Oeste) em consequência do movimento real de rotação da Terra.
  12. 12. Sul Este Oeste Através do movimento diurno aparente do sol podemos orientar-nos:
  13. 13. O sol ao nascer encontra-se aO sol ao nascer encontra-se a EsteEste…… … ao meio-dia encontra-se a… ao meio-dia encontra-se a SulSul…… … no ocaso está a… no ocaso está a OesteOeste.. N EW S
  14. 14. Assim, se estiveres voltado para o Sol quando este estiver a nascer à tua frente está o Este. Ao meio-dia à tua frente está o Sul e a tua sombra indica o Norte. Ao ocaso à tua frente tens o Oeste. Nascer do Sol Pôr-do-sol N W E S
  15. 15. Este processo de orientação através do sol, traz desvantagens: - não pode ser realizado à noite nem nos dias nublados. DESVANTAGEM:
  16. 16. A BússolaA Bússola BússolaBússola – é o processo de orientação que permite uma– é o processo de orientação que permite uma orientação mais exacta, de dia, de noite, com céu limpo ouorientação mais exacta, de dia, de noite, com céu limpo ou com céu nublado.com céu nublado. Esta orientação é possível porque a Terra funciona como um íman que origina um campo magnético e , através de uma agulha magnetizada, há a indicação do Norte
  17. 17. CUIDADOS A TER NO USO DACUIDADOS A TER NO USO DA BÚSSOLABÚSSOLA - Não a utilizem próximo de locais onde existam objectos metálicos e instalações eléctricas (postes, centrais e linhas de alta tensão); - Deve ser colocada numa superfície fixa e plana; - Contar com a declinação magnética (diferença angular entre o Norte Magnético e o Norte Geográfico) e que em Portugal é de cerca de 8º Oeste.
  18. 18. Estrela Polar / Cruzeiro do SulEstrela Polar / Cruzeiro do Sul ► Também te podes orientar pelas estrelas, nomeadamente a:Também te podes orientar pelas estrelas, nomeadamente a: -- AA Estrela Polar / Polaris (Hemisfério Norte)Estrela Polar / Polaris (Hemisfério Norte) - A Estrela Cruzeiro do Sul (Hemisfério Sul)- A Estrela Cruzeiro do Sul (Hemisfério Sul) ..
  19. 19. Estrela PolarEstrela Polar
  20. 20. Estrela polar No Hemisfério Norte, se nos virarmos para a estrela polar, ela indicar-nos-á o PONTO CARDEAL NORTE
  21. 21. Estrela Cruzeiro do SulEstrela Cruzeiro do Sul Crux
  22. 22. Estrela Cruzeiro do Sul No Hemisfério Sul, se nos virarmos para a estrela cruzeiro do Sul, ela indicar- nos-á o PONTO CARDEAL SUL
  23. 23. Este processo de orientação através das estrelas tem a desvantagem de não poder ser realizado nas noites nubladas. DESVANTAGEM:
  24. 24. Pelo GPS ►GPS* (sistema de posicionamento global) – através de satélites artificiais indica a posição de qualquer ponto no mundo. *(Global Position Sistem)
  25. 25. A PROF. Paula Tomaz
  26. 26. CERTO !
  27. 27. ERRADO !

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