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Catherine Corcoran


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Catherine Corcoran

  1. 1. Planning for Sustainable communities Reaching consensus in a West of Ireland town
  2. 2. Tipperary Institute <ul><li>Tipperary Institute (TI) was established in 1999 as Ireland’s only institute exclusively devoted to rural development </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach work </li></ul><ul><li>Research work for clients in the Community, Business and State sectors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rural Planning-Why? <ul><li>Growth producing uneven outcomes for certain areas/groups </li></ul><ul><li>Certain Villages/DED’s growing/others contracting </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of services in many rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Uneven provision </li></ul><ul><li>Many requests for assistance </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rural Planning-Why? <ul><li>Crisis in the Planning system? </li></ul><ul><li>Breakdown in trust/relationships? </li></ul><ul><li>Clash of visions: </li></ul><ul><li>Planners/State policy-Concentration of population </li></ul><ul><li>Rural/farming lobby-Opposed to concentration? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rural Planning-Why? <ul><li>?What are the rural areas for? </li></ul><ul><li>?Who decides? </li></ul><ul><li>? How are these decisions/non-decisions made? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rural Planning-Why? <ul><li>Lack of shared Vision </li></ul><ul><li>The planning process lacks mechanisms for addressing this issue </li></ul><ul><li>Communities asked to participate in consultative processes when decisions/visions are already set </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is IAP <ul><li>IAP: a partnership approach to local development </li></ul><ul><li>Developing shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Varying interests </li></ul><ul><li>Common cause </li></ul><ul><li>An action plan to be implemented </li></ul><ul><li>7 areas to date since 2001 </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is IAP? <ul><li>IAP as an empowering, practical and participatory process to collect, analyse and compile information while developing the skills and structures needed to prepare and implement an inclusive and multifaceted plan for a defined geographical area. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why IAP? <ul><li>Kinvara: a town under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Galway Co. Council: an institution in flux </li></ul><ul><li>The planning system in crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership framework </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative framework </li></ul>
  10. 12. Objectives of the project: <ul><li>Facilitate preparation of a town plan using participation as a key </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key development priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate and document the process </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback to Co. Council </li></ul><ul><li>Publish a guide for use elsewhere </li></ul>
  11. 13. Steps in the process <ul><li>1. Contracting Phase </li></ul><ul><li>2. Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>3. Establish steering group </li></ul><ul><li>4. Capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>5.Visions/Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>6. Task Groups </li></ul><ul><li>7. Draft </li></ul><ul><li>8. Validation </li></ul><ul><li>9. Approval </li></ul><ul><li>10. Implementation </li></ul>
  12. 14. 5. Establishing Visions and Objectives <ul><li>Move away from details that cause division </li></ul><ul><li>Look into the future-an ideal future </li></ul><ul><li>Shared understanding and context </li></ul><ul><li>Vision:What kind of Place? </li></ul><ul><li>Retain seaside character </li></ul><ul><li>Broad range of services accessible without a car </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Vision:Retain seaside character: </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Manage the natural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Stone walls to be retained </li></ul><ul><li>The views across the bay to be maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Green areas maintained and developed </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict height of new buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape residential areas </li></ul><ul><li>Protect and enhance biodiversity </li></ul>
  14. 16. 10. Implementation <ul><li>Requires commitment by community </li></ul><ul><li>Support from the agencies and politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation and approval of local area plan problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Structures are important </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>
  15. 17. What needs to change <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted practice </li></ul>
  16. 18. Resources <ul><li>Significant investment needed </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Officials not able to invest that time </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted measures for the marginalised </li></ul><ul><li>Resources to staff to enable participation </li></ul>
  17. 19. Facilitation <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation </li></ul><ul><li>Power-broker </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing structures </li></ul>
  18. 20. Communication <ul><li>Clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Confrontation to trust </li></ul><ul><li>Communication modes in the community </li></ul>
  19. 21. Power <ul><li>Redistribution of power </li></ul><ul><li>Wrestling power from the powerful! </li></ul><ul><li>Community resourced with independent advice </li></ul><ul><li>Hat on head, not in hand </li></ul>
  20. 22. Structures <ul><li>Traditional poor relationships with communities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of structures </li></ul><ul><li>From ad-hoc consultation to power-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>A people-centred structure and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>New local Government structures offer hope </li></ul>
  21. 23. .....summary <ul><li>A new system of planning in each County </li></ul><ul><li>Communities actively involved in planning </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated by an ‘honest broker’ </li></ul><ul><li>With access to independent expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by Planners </li></ul><ul><li>Backed by Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the State/other interests </li></ul><ul><li>Community structures recognised </li></ul>
  22. 24. A Community of practice <ul><li>Carnegie and Offaly </li></ul><ul><li>Ballyhoura </li></ul><ul><li>IRL </li></ul><ul><li>New Rural Development companies </li></ul><ul><li>A Network of collaborative decision-makers? </li></ul>
  23. 25. Conference and Book Launch <ul><li>Integrated Area Planning: </li></ul><ul><li>A collaborative Approach to decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>A TI Publication </li></ul>