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Fair use public history

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Presentation at the Organization of American Historians, Washington, DC 2010

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Fair use public history

  1. 1. COPYRIGHT & FAIR USE: PUBLIC HISTORY Pat Aufderheide Center for Social Media American University
  2. 4. THE PURPOSE OF COPYRIGHT
  3. 5. ONE PURPOSE: TO PROMOTE THE CREATION OF CULTURE
  4. 6. By: <ul><ul><li>Rewarding creators with limited monopoly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging new makers to use existing culture </li></ul></ul>
  5. 7. WHY BALANCE? <ul><li>All culture created on existing culture (we used to know that) </li></ul><ul><li>The First Amendment (no censorship) </li></ul>
  6. 8. “ Standing on the shoulders of giants.”
  7. 9. HOW WE FORGOT BALANCE: <ul><li>Copyright term extension </li></ul><ul><li>Default copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Punishing penalties (statutory damages) </li></ul><ul><li>Large content holders’ aggressive tactics </li></ul>
  8. 10. The Escape Hatch! FAIR USE:
  9. 11. <ul><li>FAIR USE </li></ul><ul><li>Legal, unauthorized use of copyrighted material—under some circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Broad </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptable </li></ul>
  10. 12. INDIVIDUALS FEAR… <ul><li>Will I get it wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Will I get sued? $125K+ per infringement!!) </li></ul><ul><li>Will my boss/librarian/client get angry? </li></ul>
  11. 13. BEST PRACTICES
  12. 14. COMMUNITIES DEFINE FAIR USE FOR THEMSELVES <ul><li>Documentary filmmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Film scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Media literacy teachers </li></ul><ul><li>More </li></ul>
  13. 15. DOCUMENTARY FILMMAKERS
  14. 16. RESULTS <ul><li>Broadcasters program films </li></ul><ul><li>Cablecasters program films </li></ul><ul><li>Filmmakers develop new kinds of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Television/web companies expand their plans </li></ul><ul><li>All insurers of errors and omissions insurance now accept fair use claims </li></ul>
  15. 17. ONLINE VIDEO
  16. 18. OTHER CODES useful for public historians <ul><li>Media literacy (video contests/teaching) </li></ul><ul><li>Dance archivists (using archival resources for display/podcasting/digital ILL/preservation) </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars’ (eg publishing) </li></ul>
  17. 19. OTHER OPTIONS <ul><li>Creative Commons (eg CC on Flickr) </li></ul><ul><li>Public domain (e.g. The Commons, Library of Congress) </li></ul><ul><li>Special exemptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Print-Disabled </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Please feel free to share this presentation in its entirety. For excerpting, kindly employ the principles of fair use.
  19. 23. CONTACT INFO Pat Aufderheide Center for Social Media School of Communication American University Washington, DC [email_address] 202-885-2069

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