Cloning Powerpoint

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Ethical Issues of Human Cloning

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Cloning Powerpoint

  1. 1. Experiments conducted History Medical issues Process World view Religious issues Pros and Cons Federal and governmental regulations
  2. 2. History of Cloning: South Korean scientists create several Robert Briggs and Thomas J. Robert Briggs and Thomas J. cloned human embryos which they only allowed to develop for a short while – just King successfully King successfully long enough to extract embryonic stem cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cells which could be used in the treatment of disease. . The world's first ever successful animal cloning The world's first ever cloned The world's first ever cloned experiment. mammal. human embryo. 1952 1996 2004
  3. 3. Experiments conducted: Failed Experiments 1999 Dec. 2002 A company called Clonaid announced that they Scientists secretly placed successfully cloned the a human cloned embryo first human. Experts say into a pig. The cell only it is impossible for the lived to be 32 days old. company to clone a human due to inadequate technology.
  4. 4. Human cloning experiments in 2009 Wednesday, 22 April 2009 Fertility expert: 'I can clone a human being' Panayiotis Zavos, a fertility doctor, claimed he has cloned 14 human embryos and implanted 11 of them into four women. The experiment was conducted in a secret laboratory most likely in the Middle East. He personally owns fertility clinics in Kentucky and Cyprus. None of the women became pregnant but the doctor indicated that this was just the “first chapter” for his ongoing attempts to produce a cloned baby from parent’s skin cells.
  5. 5. Future of Human Cloning No one truly knows the future of human cloning, but many believe models will be cloned to make designer babies. It is highly probable that a cloned human being lives among us now. You might read breaking headlines about cloning but most of those are A few years behind. Some say they just discovered a new process to human cloning in 2010, but in reality it was completed in 2005. In 2001, there was such a stir in the human cloning idea that hundreds of scientist did their work with out anyone knowing. Thousands of dollars, eggs, adult cells ect. have been donated to human cloning research. As citizens of the world we can not ignore scientific research, but instead regulate it. “Either we control gene technology today, or technology will redesign us by tomorrow.”
  6. 6. Remove nucleus Process of Cloning: Human egg donor Donor Remove cells from egg Egg fused person to be cloned Cell with cell Fuse cell and enucleated Embryo egg with electricity Implant embryo Surrogate into mother surrogate with mother cloned baby
  7. 7. Religious issues "O "God is the Creator of all life. Period." e!!!!!!!!!!!!" nly G od h on as th e j ob ,a nd His al s GOD's pow er to cre i “Playing God” h uman life ate a livin “Not Unique” "Creating g cre a ture Some people believe that cloning , and People believe human cloning takes is similar to playing God. for m away from an They believe that God should be the an Individual being unique and stresses t o 'c creator of all living and natural things. re job, "Creating human life is God's ate'and His alone" Psychological and social development “Reverence for life” “No Soul” life i s bla n "We are not the creator, only theiocreation." ." sphe r ea t mou c It is believed that a humanohas the right e in ur s." for the full human development in a natural l ac 's p Some religious people believe that if you clone environment andke G od the human embryo that a o t be left alone a human being it has no soul. should t i ng afternd try 14th day of fertilization. a the f ar oo gt "The breathgoof life is given to us by God - not by scientists splicing genes in a lab." i n g is ni n lo nc ma " Hu "As a Christian, I feel that cloning is morally wrong. The only person who should grant a life is God."
  8. 8. Medical issues •Possible miscarriage or still birth •Deformities •Unforeseen deaths in later life of the clone •Health risks from mutated genes •Developmental delays •Lung problems •Heart defects •Neurological disorders •Unstable immune system
  9. 9. Some State Cloning Laws Arizona Arkansas Iowa Michigan Missouri Bans the use Prohibits Prohibits any Prohibits any Prohibits state of public reproductive type of type of funds to be monies for and cloning. cloning. used for reproductive therapeutic cloning on or therapeutic cloning embryos for cloning. newborns Maryland South Dakota North Dakota Connecticut California Prohibits Prohibits Prohibits reproductive Prohibits any Prohibits any reproductive reproductive cloning but type of type of and cloning but permits cloning. cloning. therapeutic permits cloning for cloning cloning for research. research.
  10. 10. Pros and Cons Pros Cons •Weaken diversity & ability of •Cloned body parts can serve adaptation as backup systems for humans •Production of undesirable traits •Solution to infertility •Technical & economic barriers: •Combat genetic diseases cost effective? Reach the •Replicate animals for research common man? purposes •Invites malpractices into society •Enable alterations of plants & •Human & animals rights at stake animals. •Ethical & moral principles •Produce people with desirable •Undermining human life traits •Devalue mankind •Human’s acting as God
  11. 11. Some other World views Prohibits: any type of human cloning Canada That would duplicate a human being Prohibits: : “Any manipulation or alteration of an Costa Rica embryo’s genetic code is prohibited, as is any kind of experimentation with embryos.” Prohibits: financing, promotion, donating, Panama experiments research of any kind of cloning. Prohibits:: “experiments concerning Argentina cloning of human cells in order to generate human beings .” United Kingdom Prohibits: Placing a human embryo into a woman (other then for fertilization).
  12. 12. Works cited: Leon Kass and James Q. Wilson, 1998. The Ethics of Human Cloning. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute Author Unknown. 2003. The Future of Human Cloning: Ethics-Progress-Politics. http://www.globalchange.com/clonech.htm NCSL, West Group. January 2008. National Conference of State Legislatures: State Human Cloning Laws. http://www.ncsl.org/programs/health/Genetics/rt-shcl.htm Oak, Manali. 8/26/2008. Pros and Cons of Cloning from Buzzle.com. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-cloning.html Roario Isasi, JD, MPH. 2005. Database of Global Policies on Human and Germ-line Engineering. http://www.glphr.org/genetic/genetic.htm
  13. 13. Works cited Continued: Connor, Steve: Science Editor. 22 April 2009. Fertility expert: 'I can clone a human being' http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/fertility-expert-i-can-clone-a-human-being-1672095.html Five students of Indian Hill Elementary. No date given. Cloning Experiments. http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/01880/failed_experiments.htm

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