History Medical issues
Process World view
Religious issues Pros and Cons
Federal and governmental regulations
History of Cloning:
South Korean scientists create several
Robert Briggs and Thomas J. Robert Briggs and Thomas J. cloned human embryos which they only
allowed to develop for a short while – just
King successfully King successfully long enough to extract embryonic stem
cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cloned tadpoles by nuclear transfer. cells which could be used in the
treatment of disease. .
The world's first ever successful animal cloning The world's first ever cloned The world's first ever cloned
experiment. mammal. human embryo.
1952 1996 2004
Experiments conducted: Failed Experiments
1999 Dec. 2002
A company called Clonaid
announced that they
Scientists secretly placed successfully cloned the
a human cloned embryo first human. Experts say
into a pig. The cell only it is impossible for the
lived to be 32 days old. company to clone a human
due to inadequate
Human cloning experiments in 2009
Wednesday, 22 April 2009
Fertility expert: 'I can clone a human being'
Panayiotis Zavos, a fertility doctor, claimed he has cloned 14 human embryos and implanted 11
of them into four women. The experiment was conducted in a secret laboratory most likely in the
Middle East. He personally owns fertility clinics in Kentucky and Cyprus. None of the women
became pregnant but the doctor indicated that this was just the “first chapter” for his ongoing
attempts to produce a cloned baby from parent’s skin cells.
Future of Human Cloning
No one truly knows the future of human cloning, but many believe
models will be cloned to make designer babies.
It is highly probable that a cloned human being lives among us now.
You might read breaking headlines about cloning but most of those are
A few years behind. Some say they just discovered a new process
to human cloning in 2010, but in reality it was completed in 2005.
In 2001, there was such a stir in the human cloning idea that hundreds
of scientist did their work with out anyone knowing. Thousands of dollars,
eggs, adult cells ect.
have been donated to human cloning research.
As citizens of the world we can not ignore scientific research, but
instead regulate it.
“Either we control gene technology today, or technology will redesign us
Process of Cloning:
Human egg donor
Remove cells from egg
person to be cloned
Cell with cell
"O "God is the Creator of all life. Period."
od h on
j ob ,a nd His al
h uman life ate a livin “Not Unique”
"Creating g cre
Some people believe that cloning , and People believe human cloning takes
is similar to playing God. for m away from an
They believe that God should be the an Individual being unique and stresses
t o 'c
creator of all living and natural things. re job,
"Creating human life is God's ate'and His alone"
Psychological and social development
“Reverence for life” “No Soul” life i
"We are not the creator, only theiocreation."
It is believed that a humanohas the right
for the full human development in a natural
's p Some religious people believe that if you clone
environment andke G od the human embryo
o t be left alone
a human being it has no soul.
afternd try 14th day of fertilization.
"The breathgoof life is given to us by God - not by scientists splicing genes in a lab."
ni n lo
" Hu "As a Christian, I feel that cloning is morally wrong. The only person who should grant a life is God."
•Possible miscarriage or still birth
•Unforeseen deaths in later life of the clone
•Health risks from mutated genes
•Unstable immune system
Some State Cloning Laws
Arizona Arkansas Iowa Michigan Missouri
Bans the use Prohibits Prohibits any Prohibits any Prohibits state
of public reproductive type of type of funds to be
monies for and cloning. cloning. used for
reproductive therapeutic cloning on
or therapeutic cloning embryos for
Maryland South Dakota North Dakota Connecticut California
reproductive Prohibits any Prohibits any
cloning but type of type of
and cloning but
permits cloning. cloning.
cloning cloning for
Pros and Cons
•Weaken diversity & ability of
•Cloned body parts can serve adaptation
as backup systems for humans •Production of undesirable traits
•Solution to infertility •Technical & economic barriers:
•Combat genetic diseases cost effective? Reach the
•Replicate animals for research common man?
purposes •Invites malpractices into society
•Enable alterations of plants & •Human & animals rights at stake
animals. •Ethical & moral principles
•Produce people with desirable •Undermining human life
traits •Devalue mankind
•Human’s acting as God
Some other World views
Prohibits: any type of human cloning
That would duplicate a human being
Prohibits: : “Any manipulation or alteration of an
Costa Rica embryo’s genetic code is prohibited, as is
any kind of experimentation with embryos.”
Prohibits: financing, promotion, donating,
research of any kind of cloning.
Prohibits:: “experiments concerning
Argentina cloning of human
cells in order to generate human beings .”
United Kingdom Prohibits: Placing a human embryo into a woman
(other then for fertilization).
Leon Kass and James Q. Wilson, 1998. The Ethics of Human Cloning.
Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute
Author Unknown. 2003. The Future of Human Cloning: Ethics-Progress-Politics.
NCSL, West Group. January 2008. National Conference of State Legislatures: State Human Cloning Laws.
Oak, Manali. 8/26/2008. Pros and Cons of Cloning from Buzzle.com.
Roario Isasi, JD, MPH. 2005. Database of Global Policies on Human and Germ-line Engineering.
Works cited Continued:
Connor, Steve: Science Editor. 22 April 2009. Fertility expert: 'I can clone a human being'
Five students of Indian Hill Elementary. No date given. Cloning Experiments.