Nutrition And Weight Management 2006

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Nutrition And Weight Management 2006

  1. 1. Nutrition and Weight Management Health 11 Principles of Healthful Living Patty Melody, M.A.
  2. 2. Nutrition <ul><li>The science that investigates the relationships between the foods we eat and how the body uses food for our function and repair. Our body needs to maintain its physiology (function) and anatomy (body parts). The constituents of food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, water, vitamins and minerals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda
  4. 4. Six Essential Nutrients Needed to Sustain Life <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Fats </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul>
  5. 5. Simple Sugars
  6. 6. Complex Carbohydrates
  7. 7. Proteins <ul><li>Complete </li></ul><ul><li>Incomplete </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fats <ul><li>Saturated Fats </li></ul><ul><li>Unsaturated Fats </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reading Food Labels
  10. 10. Make a Plan and Take Action <ul><li>Make a list </li></ul><ul><li>Go shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Pack a lunch the night before </li></ul><ul><li>Try a variety of foods </li></ul><ul><li>Socialize with healthy foods </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a food diary to track your progress </li></ul><ul><li>Make healthy food as convenient as Fast Food </li></ul><ul><li>Eating healthy can be fun! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Obesity in the U.S.
  12. 12. Weight Management <ul><li>Obesity </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia/Bulimia </li></ul>
  13. 13. Citations <ul><li>Source: BRFSS, CDC. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Mokdad A H, et al. JAMA 1999;282:16. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Mokdad A H, et al. JAMA 2001;286:10. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Mokdad A H, et al. JAMA 2003;289:1. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults between 1985 and 2003 <ul><li>Definitions: </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity: having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass, or Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. </li></ul><ul><li>Body Mass Index (BMI): a measure of an adult’s weight in relation to his or her height, specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his or her height in meters. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Obesity Trends Among U.S. Adults between 1985 and 2003 <ul><li>Source of the data: </li></ul><ul><li>The data shown in these maps were collected through CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Each year, state health departments use standard procedures to collect data through a series of monthly telephone interviews with U.S. adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence estimates generated for the maps may vary slightly from those generated for the states by BRFSS (http://aps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss) as slightly different analytic methods are used. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>During the past 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in the United States. In 1985 only a few states were participating in CDC's BRFSS and providing obesity data. In 1991, four states had obesity prevalence rates of 15-19 percent and no states had rates at or above 20 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003, 15 states had prevalence rates of 15-19 percent; 31 states had rates of 20-24 percent; and 4 states had rates more than 25 percent. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1996 2003 Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991, 1996, 2003 (*BMI  30, or about 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% 1991
  18. 18. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1985 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  19. 19. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1986 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  20. 20. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1987 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  21. 21. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1988 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  22. 22. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1989 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  23. 23. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1990 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14%
  24. 24. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1991 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  25. 25. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1992 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  26. 26. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1993 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  27. 27. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1994 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  28. 28. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  29. 29. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1996 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19%
  30. 30. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1997 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20
  31. 31. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1998 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20
  32. 32. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1999 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20
  33. 33. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% ≥20
  34. 34. Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2001 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person)
  35. 35. (*BMI  30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25% (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002
  36. 36. Obesity* Trends Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2003 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% ≥25%
  37. 37. Increase in Aging Population by 2020

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