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BalancedBalanced
LiteracyLiteracy
and the CCSS
and the CCSS
July 2014
Patty McGee
Outcomes for TodayOutcomes for Today
0 Research-
supported
Literacy Practices
0 Writing
Instructional
Components
0 Reading...
• Engage
fully
• Inquire
and dig
deeply
into
challen
ges
• Respect
the
knowled
ge and
Tenets
0 Practice: Pencil to paper, eyes on print
0 Learning is messy, teaching must be flexible
0 Formative Assessment
0 ...
Components of aComponents of a
Comprehensive LiteracyComprehensive Literacy
ApproachApproach
Interactive Read
Aloud
Shared...
Purpose of ComponentsPurpose of Components
Wor
d
Stud
y
Wor
d
Stud
y
Reading and Writing
Workshop
Shar
ed
Writi
ng
Shar
ed...
Gradual Release of
Responsibility
Explicitly
Taught
Demonstrated
Shared and
Guided
Collaborative
Independent
Cambourne’s Seven
Conditions of Learning
Writing
Five Qualities of Good
Writing
0 Focus/Content
0 Elaboration
0 Voice
0 Structure
0 Mechanics
Shared WritingShared Writing
0 Separate from Writing
Workshop, rarely used in
a minilesson
0 Share– create it
together, te...
Sample of Direct Grammar Instruction Across Units
Grammar andGrammar and
MechanicsMechanics
 Practice like a word study
but set up for (and expect)
transfer
Grammar andGrammar and
MechanicsMechanics0 The difference between
conventions and grammar:
Grammar refers to the structure...
students’ writing, or
tell them to be
correct, then they
may revert to
simpler vocabulary
and sentence
structure that they...
Mentor Sentences
One Technique for Teaching Grammar for Usage
Stages of Development
in Grammar
1. Unfamiliarity
2. Familiarity
3. Experimentation
4. Using and confusing
5. Mastery and ...
The Writing Workshop
A place for feedback, transfer, and lots and lots of
writing!
Writers Need
0 Time
0 Choice
0 A variety of strategies to access
learning
Minilesson
Writing Workshop
Structures and Routines
0 Minilesson
0 Independent
Writing and Small
Group Teaching
0 Conferring
0 Small ...
Writers Need
0 Time
0 Choice
0 A variety of strategies to access
learning
0 Models
0 Modeling
Nothing a teacher can
do can have a greater
effect than this
combination—
giving students crystal
clear goals,
opportuniti...
Teachers must also ensure that children have
access to reading materials that are relevant to the
kind of writer they are ...
Writers Need
0 Time
0 Choice
0 A variety of strategies to access
learning
0 Models
0 Modeling
0 A Writer’s Notebook
A Writer’s Notebook:
Building a Writing Life
A Writer’s Notebook
0 Not a journal
0 A place for practice
0 A place for feedback
0 A place for planning
0 A place to coll...
#PWI12
#PWI12
#PWI12
#PWI12
Whether it is with a group of
characters or an idea for the plot,
begin to write. Everything develops
under the pencil as ...
Assessment of Notebooks
0 Volume
0 Variety
0 Thoughtfulness
0 Maintenance
The Writing Process
Assessment
0 Assessment for
Learning: This
is what you did
well, here are
my questions,
here are my
suggestions to
improve...
Reading
Reading Requires…
0 Decoding
0 Comprehension
0 Fluency
EssentialsEssentials
0 Read-ability
First, a little reading…
Pa XXXX Joanie with his dirty XXXX.
Spoon rose to follow Pa, but one of
the XXXX XXXX in the wind...
Let’s try that again at
90%...
Pa followed Joanie with his
dirty XXXX. Spoon rose to
follow Pa, but one of the XXXX
suns i...
This is what it should
sound (and feel) like…
Pa followed Joanie with his
dirty dishes. Spoon rose to
follow Pa, but one o...
This shows…
0 Reading a book that is too hard is equivalent to
not reading at all.
0 Reading at 98% or higher accuracy is ...
EssentialsEssentials
0 Read-ability
0 Volume
0 Choice
0 Timely, Explicit, Strategy
Instruction
0 Literate Talk
Reading
Workshop
0 Minilesson
0 Independent Reading with
Small Group Teaching
0 Conferring
0 Small Group Strategy
Work
0 M...
Guided ReadingGuided Reading
0 Powerful vehicle to
differentiate instruction
0 Features vs. Comprehension
Skills– balance ...
“A child's reading level
doesn't catch up to his
listening level until eighth
grade. You can and should be
reading seventh...
Instructional Read Aloud
with Accountable Talk
0 Practice strategies
learned in other reading
modalities
0 Practice talkin...
SharedShared
ReadingReading0 Chance to
practice
skills and
strategies
together
in a
shared
text
0 All
students
can see
the...
Word Study
0 Word patterns (Letter-
sound, Affixes, Common
Greek and Latin roots)
0 Vocabulary (inside and
outside)
0 Sigh...
Tiers of Vocabulary
0 Tier 1: Oral Language
0 Tier 2: Literary Language (AKA
Academic Vocabulary)
0 Tier 3: Content Specif...
Spelling
High Frequency
Words
0 Trends become
Whole Class teaching
0 Individualized or
small group
instruction
Word Patter...
Instructional Moves
0Assessments
0Word Walls
0Personal Word Walls
0Sorts/games
0Chart Chanting and Writing
Application
Balanced literacy bergenfield ii
Balanced literacy bergenfield ii
Balanced literacy bergenfield ii
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Balanced literacy bergenfield ii

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A day spent on Balanced Literacy Components

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Balanced literacy bergenfield ii

  1. 1. BalancedBalanced LiteracyLiteracy and the CCSS and the CCSS July 2014 Patty McGee
  2. 2. Outcomes for TodayOutcomes for Today 0 Research- supported Literacy Practices 0 Writing Instructional Components 0 Reading Instructional Components
  3. 3. • Engage fully • Inquire and dig deeply into challen ges • Respect the knowled ge and
  4. 4. Tenets 0 Practice: Pencil to paper, eyes on print 0 Learning is messy, teaching must be flexible 0 Formative Assessment 0 Feedback 0 Approximation 0 Transfer is the Key
  5. 5. Components of aComponents of a Comprehensive LiteracyComprehensive Literacy ApproachApproach Interactive Read Aloud Shared Reading Reading Workshop Grammar Shared Writing Writing Workshop Word Study
  6. 6. Purpose of ComponentsPurpose of Components Wor d Stud y Wor d Stud y Reading and Writing Workshop Shar ed Writi ng Shar ed Writi ng Gram mar Gram mar Shar ed Read ing Shar ed Read ing Read Alou d Read Alou d
  7. 7. Gradual Release of Responsibility Explicitly Taught Demonstrated Shared and Guided Collaborative Independent
  8. 8. Cambourne’s Seven Conditions of Learning
  9. 9. Writing
  10. 10. Five Qualities of Good Writing 0 Focus/Content 0 Elaboration 0 Voice 0 Structure 0 Mechanics
  11. 11. Shared WritingShared Writing 0 Separate from Writing Workshop, rarely used in a minilesson 0 Share– create it together, teacher does the writing 0 Preparation and skill introduction and practice
  12. 12. Sample of Direct Grammar Instruction Across Units
  13. 13. Grammar andGrammar and MechanicsMechanics  Practice like a word study but set up for (and expect) transfer
  14. 14. Grammar andGrammar and MechanicsMechanics0 The difference between conventions and grammar: Grammar refers to the structure of a language: the parts of speech and their functions, their relationship to each other, word order in sentences, the parts of a sentence and how they are put together, e.g., subject, predicate, objects, etc. Mechanics refers to the conventions of written language: punctuation, capitalization, spelling, etc. 0 Language of literacy 0 Students along the way are going to understand, and then mess it up again. This
  15. 15. students’ writing, or tell them to be correct, then they may revert to simpler vocabulary and sentence structure that they are sure how to punctuate.
  16. 16. Mentor Sentences One Technique for Teaching Grammar for Usage
  17. 17. Stages of Development in Grammar 1. Unfamiliarity 2. Familiarity 3. Experimentation 4. Using and confusing 5. Mastery and control
  18. 18. The Writing Workshop A place for feedback, transfer, and lots and lots of writing!
  19. 19. Writers Need 0 Time 0 Choice 0 A variety of strategies to access learning
  20. 20. Minilesson
  21. 21. Writing Workshop Structures and Routines 0 Minilesson 0 Independent Writing and Small Group Teaching 0 Conferring 0 Small Group Strategy Work 0 Mid Workshop Teaching Point
  22. 22. Writers Need 0 Time 0 Choice 0 A variety of strategies to access learning 0 Models 0 Modeling
  23. 23. Nothing a teacher can do can have a greater effect than this combination— giving students crystal clear goals, opportunities for engaged work, and the feedback that includes compliments and steps for more progress.
  24. 24. Teachers must also ensure that children have access to reading materials that are relevant to the kind of writer they are interested in becoming at that particular moment. Teachers must also recruit the authors who will become the children’s unwitting collaborators. Frank Smith on Mentor Texts
  25. 25. Writers Need 0 Time 0 Choice 0 A variety of strategies to access learning 0 Models 0 Modeling 0 A Writer’s Notebook
  26. 26. A Writer’s Notebook: Building a Writing Life
  27. 27. A Writer’s Notebook 0 Not a journal 0 A place for practice 0 A place for feedback 0 A place for planning 0 A place to collect minilessons or teaching strategies 0 Filled with all different genre 0 A place to collect ideas, pieces of stories, inspiration for writing 0 A place to live like a writer 0 Teacher comments in post its 0 Graded differently than other writing
  28. 28. #PWI12
  29. 29. #PWI12
  30. 30. #PWI12
  31. 31. #PWI12
  32. 32. Whether it is with a group of characters or an idea for the plot, begin to write. Everything develops under the pencil as you begin to write. Roald Dahl
  33. 33. Assessment of Notebooks 0 Volume 0 Variety 0 Thoughtfulness 0 Maintenance
  34. 34. The Writing Process
  35. 35. Assessment 0 Assessment for Learning: This is what you did well, here are my questions, here are my suggestions to improve your writing 0 Assessment of Learning: Process, content, conventions grades
  36. 36. Reading
  37. 37. Reading Requires… 0 Decoding 0 Comprehension 0 Fluency
  38. 38. EssentialsEssentials 0 Read-ability
  39. 39. First, a little reading… Pa XXXX Joanie with his dirty XXXX. Spoon rose to follow Pa, but one of the XXXX XXXX in the window caught the light of the real XXXX and sent off pure white XXXX directly at Spoon. He sat down again, XXXX by the XXXX orb, feeling as if he was on the brink of a meaningful XXXX, on the verge of XXXX his XXXX. His eyes darted from one XXXX to the next. Something of Gram’s. Thinking, thinking. 5th grade reading level, GRL R 85% accuracy
  40. 40. Let’s try that again at 90%... Pa followed Joanie with his dirty XXXX. Spoon rose to follow Pa, but one of the XXXX suns in the window caught the light of the real XXXX and sent off pure white XXXX directly at Spoon. He sat down again, XXXX by the XXXX orb, feeling as if he was on the brink of a meaningful thought, on the verge of XXXX his XXXX. His eyes darted from one XXXX to the next. Something of Gram’s. Thinking, thinking.
  41. 41. This is what it should sound (and feel) like… Pa followed Joanie with his dirty dishes. Spoon rose to follow Pa, but one of the stained-glass suns in the window caught the light of the real sun and sent off pure white flashes directly at Spoon. He sat down again, mesmerized by the gleaming orb, feeling as if he was on the brink of a meaningful thought, on the verge of solving his problem. His eyes darted from one sun
  42. 42. This shows… 0 Reading a book that is too hard is equivalent to not reading at all. 0 Reading at 98% or higher accuracy is essential for reading acceleration. 0 Anything less, slows the rate of improvement and anything below 90% accuracy doesn’t improve reading ability at all.(Allington, 2012; Ehri, Flugman & Gross, 2007) 0 In order for students to make the necessary progress to become better readers they need 57 minutes a day to read books they can read with accuracy, fluency and comprehension.
  43. 43. EssentialsEssentials 0 Read-ability 0 Volume 0 Choice 0 Timely, Explicit, Strategy Instruction 0 Literate Talk
  44. 44. Reading Workshop 0 Minilesson 0 Independent Reading with Small Group Teaching 0 Conferring 0 Small Group Strategy Work 0 Mid Workshop Teaching Point 0 Share
  45. 45. Guided ReadingGuided Reading 0 Powerful vehicle to differentiate instruction 0 Features vs. Comprehension Skills– balance changes as levels become more difficult 0 Text considerations (Independent, Frustrational, Instructional) 0 Guided reading can strengthen strengths as well as help move levels 0 Should be viewed as a support to transfer
  46. 46. “A child's reading level doesn't catch up to his listening level until eighth grade. You can and should be reading seventh-grade books to fifth-grade kids.” “You have to hear it before you can speak it, and you have to speak it before you can read it. Reading at this level happens through the ear.” “The single most important activity for building the knowledge required for eventual success in reading is reading aloud to children.” ~ Becoming a Nation of Readers, 1985 Read Aloud
  47. 47. Instructional Read Aloud with Accountable Talk 0 Practice strategies learned in other reading modalities 0 Practice talking about reading 0 Removes the decoding to allow for comprehension work
  48. 48. SharedShared ReadingReading0 Chance to practice skills and strategies together in a shared text 0 All students can see the words 0 Link to
  49. 49. Word Study 0 Word patterns (Letter- sound, Affixes, Common Greek and Latin roots) 0 Vocabulary (inside and outside) 0 Sight Words (High frequency words)
  50. 50. Tiers of Vocabulary 0 Tier 1: Oral Language 0 Tier 2: Literary Language (AKA Academic Vocabulary) 0 Tier 3: Content Specific Language (AKA Domain Specific Vocabulary)
  51. 51. Spelling High Frequency Words 0 Trends become Whole Class teaching 0 Individualized or small group instruction Word Patterns 0 Trends become Whole Class teaching 0 Individualized or small group instruction Student Writing
  52. 52. Instructional Moves 0Assessments 0Word Walls 0Personal Word Walls 0Sorts/games 0Chart Chanting and Writing Application

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