ELL Grammar Key 7:
Articles
Andrea Rigoli, Nathalia Lyra, Grazieli
Hemieleweski
Introduction
• Three most recognizable articles:
– A, Na, The
• But....
– Another popular usage is the use of no article
•...
7.A Typical ELL Errors: Noticing the
Gap
• There are some common ELL mistakes
– Forgetting to use article A/An when speaki...
Typical ELL errors cont.
• Using article The when talking about things
that are not specific or particular
– For Example
–...
The definite article: the
• Here are some uses of the definite article that
most ELLs are not aware of:
• Use the for the ...
• use the with geographic parts of the globe and geographic
areas, deserts, and peninsulas (The Equator, The Middle
East, ...
Native language interference: compare
English with other languages
• Arabic:
1. Arabic has a definite article.
2. Unlike E...
Native language interference: compare
English with other languages
• Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian:
1. These language...
Native language interference: compare
English with other languages
• French, Spanish, Portuguese:
1. These languages have ...
Ideas for Teaching
• Teacher must know how articles are used
within the students’ native language;
• Brazilian ss might ha...
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Ell grammar key 7 andrea, grazieli, nathalia

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task for tdc course - 2013 2nd semester

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Ell grammar key 7 andrea, grazieli, nathalia

  1. 1. ELL Grammar Key 7: Articles Andrea Rigoli, Nathalia Lyra, Grazieli Hemieleweski
  2. 2. Introduction • Three most recognizable articles: – A, Na, The • But.... – Another popular usage is the use of no article • Example: I don´t like coffee • Some languages don´t use articles or have different usage for them, which can be problematic for for some ELLs
  3. 3. 7.A Typical ELL Errors: Noticing the Gap • There are some common ELL mistakes – Forgetting to use article A/An when speaking about something indefinite • For example: • Every family dreams about comfortable and luxurious house. For this goal, some people try to save a sufficient amount of money to buy a great place to live a
  4. 4. Typical ELL errors cont. • Using article The when talking about things that are not specific or particular – For Example – I like this grammar book because it explains everything so well. After reading this book, I can understand nouns and verbs much better. I still need help with adjectives the the the
  5. 5. The definite article: the • Here are some uses of the definite article that most ELLs are not aware of: • Use the for the names of countries that look plural, including countries that end in – s or have the words united, union, republic, or kingdom (The Netherlands, The Philippines); • In general, we do not use the for body parts; • Use the with the most bodies of water except individual lakes (The Mississippi River, The Pacific Ocean);
  6. 6. • use the with geographic parts of the globe and geographic areas, deserts, and peninsulas (The Equator, The Middle East, The South); • No article: • Use the no article when you want to talk about a category or group in general (Cats can be great pets); • Use the no article before abstract nouns such as feelings or ideas (A person’s future success depends on education);
  7. 7. Native language interference: compare English with other languages • Arabic: 1. Arabic has a definite article. 2. Unlike Enlish, Arabic requires the definite article with abstract nouns: “The honesty is important.” 3. The definite article must be used when referring to the whole group: “My favorite sport is the tennis.” and “I´m afraid of the spiders.”
  8. 8. Native language interference: compare English with other languages • Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian: 1. These languages have no articles. As they have a word for this/that, ss might have the tendency to overuse them. 2. ELLs who speak these languages present persistent mistakes with articles.
  9. 9. Native language interference: compare English with other languages • French, Spanish, Portuguese: 1. These languages have definite and indefinite articles. 2. In these languages, articles are used to refer to specific things, as well as to the whole group. You must say: “My favorite sport is the tennis.” and “I’m afraid of the spiders.” 3. The definite article must be used with abstract nouns: “The honesty is important for the nice trips.” 4. Indefinite articles are not used when talking about professions: “My mother is teacher.” 5. So those might be common mistakes of ELLs who speak these languages.
  10. 10. Ideas for Teaching • Teacher must know how articles are used within the students’ native language; • Brazilian ss might have the tendency to overuse definite articles, so T has to make sure they understand that: – The has more specific usages; – The or No Article are used for geographical terms; – No Article is used for general meaning.

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