music of Japan are
performed by small ensembles
of instruments and voices.
Compositions often follow a
three-part form called jo-haky ū , which consists of an
introduction, a scattering effect
in the central section, and a
rushing effect near the end of
the piece. This form has
permeated much of Japanese
music and applies to individual
musical phrases as well as to
musical instrument, a Japanese long zither.
a long, rectangular box, made of paulownia wood. The
instrument is strung lengthwise, and the strings are tuned
by moving the bridges..
played using plectrums, or picks, of bamboo, bone,
ivory, or plastic attached to the thumb, index finger, and
middle finger of the player's right hand.
accommodates traditional pentatonic scales used in
contemporary or European-influenced pieces.
the harplike sound renders the instrument suitable for
use as a solo instrument or in modern and traditional
is a Japanese flat-backed, long-necked
a descendant of the Chinese san-hsien,
which existed as early as the 13th century.
has a catskin belly and back and three
strings that are struck with a bachi (a bone
is a traditional instrument in Kabuki
-refer generally to any string
instrument having the strings
running in a plane parallel to the
- specifically to any plucked string
instrument with a neck (either
fretted or unfretted) and a deep
- or more specifically to an
instrument from the family of
- a Japanese end-blown flute.
- It was originally introduced from China
into Japan in the 8th century and
underwent a resurgence in the early Edo
- traditionally made of bamboo, but
versions now exist in ABS and
- used by the monks of the Fuke school
of Zen Buddhism in the practice of
suizen (blowing meditation).
-is a Japanese transverse flute or fue that has a
- plays important roles in noh and kabuki theatre
-There are two styles:
uta (song) and hayashi (festival).
-The uta is properly tuned to the Western scale,
and can be played in ensembles or as a solo
-The hayashi is not in the correct pitch, because it
is simply a piece of hollow bamboo with holes cut
into it. It emits a very high-pitched sound, and is
appropriate for the festival/folk music of Japan.
M e ij i
p to w
ko h a m a
gners in Y
up of fore
n of the o
r o d u c ti o
d Box by
t was not
had no i
kabuki fan said and
a s b e in g
out what w to play to see it.
a tt e m p te d
panese in ra based on the
o n a ft e r J
at e a na
e se co m p
d in 1904
t, c o m p o s
ful attemp ldiers fighting
r st su cce s r k a b o u t so
, Roei No
s a wo
. This wor
ura was in
haru Kitam ecame
e, by Sue
rm of an o
' s v i c to r y
a fte r J a p a .
a in 1905