Animals and their environment skins hunting tools skin colours living style
skins 1. They think coat of fat and fur keeps it warm in the cold climate. Penguin in polar region
skins 2. Its hard and thick shell reduces moisture loss In the dry desert. Desert tortoise
skins 3. Its scales reduce moisture loss in the dry desert. Snake in desert
skins 4. The think coat of fat and fur keeps it warm in the cold climate. Polar bear
skin colours 1. Their skin colours match the colours of the environment. harp seal, lizard, frog, grasshopper, lion They can hide from predators. Or they can hunt easily.
skin colours 2. Animals have brightly coloured skins lizard They are poisonous and not good for eating.
skin colours 3. The big spot on the animal looks like a fierce animal’s eye. Common five-ring It frightens predators away.
hunting tools Beak: sharp and hooked Claws: sharp and hooked 1. The beak and claws help eagles to catch small animals easily.
hunting tools Beak: long and flat Fleet: webbed fet The beaks help ducks to catch fish in water. The webbed feet help ducks to swim faster.
hunting tools Beak: sharp and hard Claws: pointed and hooked The beaks help woodpeckers to find insects in tree trunks. The claws help woodpeckers to climb and grip on the tree trunks.
living style 1. Migratory birds eg. blackfaced spoonbills Why do they migrate every year in Dec?
living style 2. Hibernation (sleeping) eg. snake and frog Snakes and frogs hibernate in winter to minimize energy loss. But some animals hibernate in summer eg. sea cucumber WHY?
living style 3. Living in group eg. zebras eg. deers They live in group in order to protect themselves against enemies’ attack. But in some cases, some live together in order to hunt for larger animals. Can you suggest some examples?
Summary Animals adapt to their environment with their skin, skin colours, hunting tools and living styles. 1. Animals’ skins Animals in cold regions have thick fur/ skins for keeping warm. Animals in dry regions have scales or shells to reduce moisture loss. 2. A nimals’ skin colours Some animals have skin colours that match the environment to hid themselves. Some have brightly coloured skins to warn/ frighten the predators. 3. Animals’ hunting tools Birds’ beaks and feet/ claws help them in hunting. 4. Animals’ living styles To adapt to the environment, some animals hibernate, some birds migrate, some animals live in groups.