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Article 3 (sec 8-10)


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Article 3 (sec 8-10)

  1. 1. THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES<br />ARTICLE IIIBILL OF RIGHTS<br />(SECTION 8-10)<br />(private property, limitations to the freedom to contract)<br />
  2. 2. Definition<br /><ul><li>It stablish the relationship of </li></ul>The individuals to the State.<br /><ul><li>defines the right of the individual</li></ul>by limitting the lawful power of the<br /> State.<br />
  3. 3. Article III, Section 8<br /><ul><li> Freedom to form association</li></ul>- Ex. The right to organize<br /><ul><li> So long as the association </li></ul>is not contrary to the law.<br />
  4. 4. Article III, Section 9<br /><ul><li> The right to private property.
  5. 5. Explicit limitation to the</li></ul>power of eminent domain.<br />- Public use<br />- Just compensation: fair market price<br />- Due process of law<br />
  6. 6. Article III, Section 10<br /><ul><li> Discusses the “sanctity” of</li></ul>contracts and obligation.<br /><ul><li> Laws affecting contracts </li></ul>cannot be applied<br />retroactively.<br /><ul><li> Aside: all contracts illegal</li></ul>in nature are non-binding.<br />
  7. 7. Due Process<br /><ul><li>Any deprivition of life,liberty or</li></ul>property is with due process<br />if its done under the authority of<br />A law that is valid.<br />-Ex. Not contrary to the constitution.<br />
  8. 8. Aspect of due process<br /><ul><li>Procedural due process.</li></ul> -Which hears befor it condemn.<br />-Which proceeds upon inquiry.<br /> -Renders judgment only after. <br />trial<br />
  9. 9. Aspect of due process<br /><ul><li>Substanial due process.</li></ul>-Which require the law it self<br />-is fair.<br />-is reasonable.<br />-and Just.<br />
  10. 10. Search warrant and <br />warrant of arrest<br /><ul><li>A search warrant is an order in writting
  11. 11. The written order is called warrant of </li></ul> arrest.<br />