Take a map from the table and                   complete.    Quietly find your seat and complete your Reflection…         ...
Exploration & Trade Prince Henry “The  Navigator”:  – From Portugal  – Founded the School of    Navigation which taught  ...
European Reasons for Exploration The industrial revolution made goods  cheaper to make, so European countries  needed to ...
Russian Revolution The end of the Russian  Empire   – During the war, Russia     experienced food     shortages and strik...
Russian Revolution– In 1918 Nicholas II and  the royal family were  all shot to death. This  execution ended  nearly 400 y...
Russian Revolution Many Russians  wanted communism  because Lenin  promised to end their  hunger, poverty and  unemployme...
Treaty of Versailles  The Treaty of Versailles   ended WWI. The treaty demanded that   Germany be punished by  – Paying ...
Worldwide Depression   After WWI the world’s    economy was in bad    shape:§   WWI killed many    civilians (workers) of...
Holocaust Poor Germans believed  Hitler and the Nazi  party had the solution  to their bad economy  and promised to make ...
The Cold War After WWII, and  Germany was  defeated, the  United Kingdom  and the United  States wanted to  rebuild Europ...
The Cold War But, the Soviet  Union wanted to  rebuild Europe and  a communist  government and  the economy is  centraliz...
The Cold War The Soviet Union and  United States were  Superpowers: top  countries in the world)  during the Cold War (ba...
The Cold Warin a nuclear arms race  (missiles) during this time  – Spreading democracy    (U.S) and Communism    (Soviet U...
End of the Soviet Union & Cold War– In 1991, the Soviet  Union collapsed    Led to the end of     the Cold War.    Germa...
A Divided Germany: Berlin Wall After WWII Germany  After WWII Germany  was divided into East  and West The Soviet Union ...
The Aztec Civilization Most powerful from  1200’s to the 1500’s Located in present  day Mexico CityAztecs Warfare:  – Me...
Inca Civilization Became powerful during  the1400’s The Inca conquered others  tribes surrounding them Located in the A...
Spanish Conquistadors Remember around this  time Spain hired  Christopher Columbus to  find a new shortcut to  Asia for s...
           Spanish Conquistadors    Spain decided to take over  Latin America and to set up  colonies instead of finding ...
Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs Aztec ruler Montezuma II was  captured by Hernan Cortes (Spanish  Conquistador) in 1519...
Francisco Pizarro conquers the                Incas In 1532 Inca ruler  Atahualpa was  defeated by Francisco  Pizarro (Sp...
Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs   Why was Cortes able to    defeat the Aztecs with only     an army of 1000 Spanish    ...
Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs2. Cortes teamed up with local    tribes that didn’t like    Montezuma
Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs3. Most important Reason:    European diseases    (smallpox) wiped out the    Aztecs    a...
Columbian Exchange Columbian Exchange: an  exchange of goods and ideas  between European countries  and their colonies in...
Columbian Exchange The Columbian  Exchange led:  – An increase in farming    in the New and Old    World  – Decline of Na...
European Colonization of Latin America and Slavery Slavery was also a  part of the Columbian  Exchange Europeans countri...
The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade  – But many Native    Americans died from    European diseases   ...
The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade – Spain conquered   much of Latin   America and they   spoke Span...
The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade   Brazilians speak    Portuguese    because they    were a colon...
Independence Movements in Latin America France controlled an  island name St.  Dominique (Haiti) in  the Caribbean Islands
Independence Movements in Latin America A slave name  Toussaint L’ Ouverture  led an army of slaves  against the French  ...
Independence Movements in Latin America Toussaint was captured,  imprisoned and left to die  in the French Jail in April ...
Independence Movements in Latin America Simon Bolivar was a general  who led a rebellion against  Spain in Northern parts...
Independence Movements in Latin America He had was given the  nickname the Liberator. He died in 1830 while  living in C...
Independence Movements in Latin America During the early 1800’s  Mexicans wanted to be free  from Spain rule Father Migu...
Independence Movements in Latin America– Father Hidalgo was  captured and executed in  1811.– He did not live to see a  Me...
Independence Movements in Latin America 1521: The fall of the Aztecs  and rise of “New Spain” Spanish Catholic Church:  ...
Impact of Cuban Revolution1. Cuba sides with the Soviet Union Castro took over Cuba during the Cold War Cuba received we...
Impact of Cuban Revolution 2. Less Political Freedoms for Cubans   – There are strict limits on freedom of speech     and...
Impact of Cuban Revolution 3. Communism: government controls the economy   – Castro changed Cuba from a free market econo...
Mexico’s Zapatistas– In January of 1994 a guerilla rebel group called the  Zapatistas seized power in parts of Chiapas, so...
Mexico’s Zapatistas– Zapatistas are based on the revolutionary leader  Emiliano Zapata who fought for farmer rights
Mexico’s Zapatistas End to illiteracy, the right to education, creation of  hospitals and much more
 English  – Settled around the Hudson Bay  – Trade with the Natives for fur  – Speak English  – Are Protestant Christians...
French and English in Canada French  – Settled the Quebec area  – Traded with the Natives for fur  – Speak French  – Are ...
How did Canada become Independent? After the French and  Indian War(1763) most of  Canada was under the  control of the  ...
How did Canada become Independent? It took Canada over  200 years (1763- 1982)  of negotiations to be  legally free from ...
Quebec’s Independence Separatists want to  break away from  Canada because they  want to preserve (save)  their French cu...
British Colonization In 1788, ships arrived from Britain to Australia  carrying convicts, women, and guards. Over  the ne...
British Colonization The Gold Rush of 1851 and the growth of  sheep farming brought more and more  free settlers to Austr...
The British Claim Australia Like in the Americas,  Europeans brought diseases  that killed many Aborigines. The British ...
CRCT history review
CRCT history review
CRCT history review
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CRCT history review

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CRCT history review

  1. 1. Take a map from the table and complete. Quietly find your seat and complete your Reflection… Don’t make me sad 1. Which European country was the first to explore the west coast of Africa? Portugal 2. Who was the main person executed during the Russian Revolution? Czar Nicholas II
  2. 2. Exploration & Trade Prince Henry “The Navigator”: – From Portugal – Founded the School of Navigation which taught the basic information and new discoveries to sailors – Organized expeditions of sailors to explore the west coast of Africa. – Looking for a shortcut to Asia by going around Africa.
  3. 3. European Reasons for Exploration The industrial revolution made goods cheaper to make, so European countries needed to expand their empires…. Natural resources: Conquer new land for resources such as gold, silver, timber. Spread Christianity: Europeans wanted Christianity to spread around the world through missionaries New Markets/Trade Routes: Europeans wanted to secure new trade routes that would bring them more money
  4. 4. Russian Revolution The end of the Russian Empire – During the war, Russia experienced food shortages and strikes.
  5. 5. Russian Revolution– In 1918 Nicholas II and the royal family were all shot to death. This execution ended nearly 400 years of czarist rule.
  6. 6. Russian Revolution Many Russians wanted communism because Lenin promised to end their hunger, poverty and unemployment. But Lenin became a dictator and Russian citizens didn’t have political power. A communist Soviet Union leads to disagreements with the United States later on.
  7. 7. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles ended WWI. The treaty demanded that Germany be punished by – Paying for damages done to other countries – Giving up part of its territory (land)
  8. 8. Worldwide Depression After WWI the world’s economy was in bad shape:§ WWI killed many civilians (workers) of many countries and destroyed land, factories and infrastructure§ The United States had the Great Depression, (1929) so it bought less things from other countries§ Companies went out of business so more people were unemployed.
  9. 9. Holocaust Poor Germans believed Hitler and the Nazi party had the solution to their bad economy and promised to make Germany strong again. Germans elected Adolf Hitler who was of the Nazi Party. Germany killed 6 millions Jews under Hitler which is known as the Holocaust.
  10. 10. The Cold War After WWII, and Germany was defeated, the United Kingdom and the United States wanted to rebuild Europe as free democratic nations with free market economies
  11. 11. The Cold War But, the Soviet Union wanted to rebuild Europe and a communist government and the economy is centralized (controlled) by the government
  12. 12. The Cold War The Soviet Union and United States were Superpowers: top countries in the world) during the Cold War (bad relationship between the U.S and the Soviet Union) competed in different ways during the Cold War
  13. 13. The Cold Warin a nuclear arms race (missiles) during this time – Spreading democracy (U.S) and Communism (Soviet Union) – Supplied other countries with weapons – But the U.S. and the Soviet Union never fought each other because of the horrible effects of a nuclear missile
  14. 14. End of the Soviet Union & Cold War– In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed  Led to the end of the Cold War.  Germany was reunited  Many parts of the Soviet Union broke off to Independent countries
  15. 15. A Divided Germany: Berlin Wall After WWII Germany After WWII Germany was divided into East and West The Soviet Union had communistic control over East Germany. The United States, France and England had control over the West WEST EAST Western Germany experienced great economic growth Berlin while Eastern Wall Germany had many poor people.
  16. 16. The Aztec Civilization Most powerful from 1200’s to the 1500’s Located in present day Mexico CityAztecs Warfare: – Mexica was the most dominant warrior tribe – Aztecs encouraged warfare to maintain power and to please their war god.
  17. 17. Inca Civilization Became powerful during the1400’s The Inca conquered others tribes surrounding them Located in the Andes Mountains Inca had impressive stonework which led to – network of roads, aquaducts, (“pipes”) – easy communication throughout the mountains Built the city of Machu Picchu
  18. 18. Spanish Conquistadors Remember around this time Spain hired Christopher Columbus to find a new shortcut to Asia for spices But Columbus found a “New World” in 1492. This new world was Latin America
  19. 19.  Spanish Conquistadors Spain decided to take over Latin America and to set up colonies instead of finding a shortcut to Asia They sent Conquistadors: Men who were sent to explore new land and conquer the people
  20. 20. Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs Aztec ruler Montezuma II was captured by Hernan Cortes (Spanish Conquistador) in 1519 Spain claimed control of the Aztec empire and its territory.
  21. 21. Francisco Pizarro conquers the Incas In 1532 Inca ruler Atahualpa was defeated by Francisco Pizarro (Spanish conquistador) and the Inca Empire was claimed for Spain. The Inca civilization fell for the same reasons the Aztecs fell to Cortes.
  22. 22. Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs Why was Cortes able to defeat the Aztecs with only an army of 1000 Spanish men? Spanish had better weapons e The Spanish had swords, armor, cannons, guns and horses.
  23. 23. Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs2. Cortes teamed up with local tribes that didn’t like Montezuma
  24. 24. Hernan Cortes Conquers the Aztecs3. Most important Reason: European diseases (smallpox) wiped out the Aztecs a) The Aztecs had no immunity to smallpox because they were never exposed to it before b) It’s estimated that smallpox killed 90% of the Aztecs
  25. 25. Columbian Exchange Columbian Exchange: an exchange of goods and ideas between European countries and their colonies in North and South America. Basically the Old World (Europe, Africa and Asia) began trading with the New World (North/South America)
  26. 26. Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange led: – An increase in farming in the New and Old World – Decline of Native population in Latin America (smallpox) – The horse being used by Natives in everyday life
  27. 27. European Colonization of Latin America and Slavery Slavery was also a part of the Columbian Exchange Europeans countries used the Native Americans as slaves at first in Latin America
  28. 28. The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade – But many Native Americans died from European diseases such as smallpox European brought Africans to Latin America to work as slaves: Triangular Slave Trade
  29. 29. The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade – Spain conquered much of Latin America and they spoke Spanish and are Christians of the Roman Catholic faith.
  30. 30. The effects of European Colonization and the Slave Trade  Brazilians speak Portuguese because they were a colony of Portugal.
  31. 31. Independence Movements in Latin America France controlled an island name St. Dominique (Haiti) in the Caribbean Islands
  32. 32. Independence Movements in Latin America A slave name Toussaint L’ Ouverture led an army of slaves against the French army
  33. 33. Independence Movements in Latin America Toussaint was captured, imprisoned and left to die in the French Jail in April of 1803. His army continued to fight and Haiti became a free independent country in January of 1804. Toussaint died before Haiti was freed from the French
  34. 34. Independence Movements in Latin America Simon Bolivar was a general who led a rebellion against Spain in Northern parts of South America He wanted to end Spanish rule in Latin America He lived to see his military strategy take back the territory of Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela from Spain..
  35. 35. Independence Movements in Latin America He had was given the nickname the Liberator. He died in 1830 while living in Colombia. The country Bolivia was named after Simon Bolivar.
  36. 36. Independence Movements in Latin America During the early 1800’s Mexicans wanted to be free from Spain rule Father Miguel Hidalgo – Led a small army (Native Americans and mestizos) to protest Spanish rule – Hidalgo’s army met government soldiers and were defeated.
  37. 37. Independence Movements in Latin America– Father Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811.– He did not live to see a Mexico free from Spanish rule
  38. 38. Independence Movements in Latin America 1521: The fall of the Aztecs and rise of “New Spain” Spanish Catholic Church: – Goal was to convert (change) Natives to Christianity, Natives converted willingly or by force. – Catholic Church became powerful in New Spain – Church set up schools and hospitals
  39. 39. Impact of Cuban Revolution1. Cuba sides with the Soviet Union Castro took over Cuba during the Cold War Cuba received weapons from the Soviet Union – Cuban Missile Crisis: US and Cuba almost got into a nuclear war, but it was avoided. Cold War- a conflict between the United States and Soviet Union.
  40. 40. Impact of Cuban Revolution 2. Less Political Freedoms for Cubans – There are strict limits on freedom of speech and press
  41. 41. Impact of Cuban Revolution 3. Communism: government controls the economy – Castro changed Cuba from a free market economy to a communist economy
  42. 42. Mexico’s Zapatistas– In January of 1994 a guerilla rebel group called the Zapatistas seized power in parts of Chiapas, southern Mexico, calling for the reforms Zapata had fought and died for.– Indigenous (Native Americans) people felt they were treated as second class citizens by the Mexican government
  43. 43. Mexico’s Zapatistas– Zapatistas are based on the revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata who fought for farmer rights
  44. 44. Mexico’s Zapatistas End to illiteracy, the right to education, creation of hospitals and much more
  45. 45.  English – Settled around the Hudson Bay – Trade with the Natives for fur – Speak English – Are Protestant Christians (pope isnt the leader of the church) – Gained all the French Canadian Territory after the French and Indian War
  46. 46. French and English in Canada French – Settled the Quebec area – Traded with the Natives for fur – Speak French – Are Catholic Christians (pope is the leader of the church) – Lost Canadian territory after the French and Indian War
  47. 47. How did Canada become Independent? After the French and Indian War(1763) most of Canada was under the control of the – British Canada was legally under the control the British Parliament from the end of the French and Indian War until 1982.
  48. 48. How did Canada become Independent? It took Canada over 200 years (1763- 1982) of negotiations to be legally free from Britain. – Various treaties and laws were passed that gave more self governing power to the Canadians.
  49. 49. Quebec’s Independence Separatists want to break away from Canada because they want to preserve (save) their French culture Separatist feel the English culture and new immigrants may push out their French culture In 1980 and 1995 a vote on letting Quebec free was voted and not passed by the Canadian Parliament
  50. 50. British Colonization In 1788, ships arrived from Britain to Australia carrying convicts, women, and guards. Over the next several decades, more than 150,000 prisoners were transported to Australia.
  51. 51. British Colonization The Gold Rush of 1851 and the growth of sheep farming brought more and more free settlers to Australia. In southern Australia gold attracted many from England and Ireland.
  52. 52. The British Claim Australia Like in the Americas, Europeans brought diseases that killed many Aborigines. The British easily defeated and drove back the Aborigines. Effects of British Colonization – Religion: Most Australians are Roman Catholic and Protestants – Language: English is the official language of Australia

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