Online Journalism - Convergence


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Online Journalism - Convergence

  1. 1. + Multimedia and Convergence Online Journalism Presentation 17/04/2009
  2. 2. + Multimedia and Convergence Patrick Kavanagh – Chairperson  Maríosa Molloy - Thurman, N. & Lupton, B.  2008, quot;Convergence Calls: Multimedia Storytelling at British News Websitesquot;, Convergence, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 439-455. Sean Carroll - Martyn, P.H. 2009, quot;THE MOJO IN THE THIRD  MILLENNIUMquot;, Journalism Practice, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 196. Shaun Dunne - Friend and Singer, Ch. 8: (cross-platform  journalism)
  3. 3. + What is media convergence? ―phenomenon involving the interlocking of computing and information technology companies, telecommunications networks, and content providers from the publishing worlds of newspapers, magazines, music, radio, television, films, and entertainment software. Media convergence brings together the ―three Cs‖— computing, communications, and content.‖ - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. 4. + Cross-platform Journalism Friend and Singer Shaun Dunne
  5. 5. + Introduction Reading deals with pros and cons of convergence of television,  print and interactivity The effect it has on journalists  ―I believe that it is going to distract journalists, journalism  teachers and students away from that single most important imperative of the craft – to create an informed society capable of intelligently governing itself.‖ - Robert Haiman
  6. 6. + It is important to ―establish a delicate balance between finding your own voice as a journalist and engaging with active users in their dialogue.‖ Mark Deuze
  7. 7. + The challenges ahead from writing to editing will prove to be Shift a big ethical challenge print and online journalism each Television, have their own culture should be unified, despite differences They in approach, by objectivity and public service
  8. 8. + Salary Problems for Journalists Payrise?  Unemployed?  Salaries are not being increased for the amount of extra work  going on Exploitation goes on everywhere but is self-defeating – Mark  Deuze Change should be made that ensures additional work that  comes with convergence is dealt with respectfully
  9. 9. + quot;Convergence Calls: Multimedia Storytelling at British News Websites‖ Thurman, N. & Lupton, B. Maríosa Molloy
  10. 10. + Convergence Calls: Multimedia Storytelling at British News Websites 9 editors from different online news sites about the use of  multimedia within online news sites. General consensus - multimedia has a huge influence on the  online sites today. The Guardian invested 15 million pounds so their websites  could ‗play videos off the page.‘
  11. 11. + Is video use central to online publishing? don‘t think we should pretend it‘s the ―I first point of all our stories. The core of what we do is content.‖ - Anne Spackman Editor, The Times Online
  12. 12. + Necessity of Video on News Sites The Times – no flash video box embedded on the homepage of  the website, link to video content in the tool bar at the top of the page Sky News - video box on the homepage with stories available  in a column down the right hand side 12 online news sites – all had links to video news  Sites consider video stories necessary for online news sites 
  13. 13. + The Core Skills of a Journalist Being able to write quickly, clearly and accurately.  Being able to spell and having excellent grammar,  Being able to write snappy headlines  Possessing the ability to spot a strong story.  Nowadays, are they enough? 
  14. 14. + Do journalists need to be ‗all rounders‘? ―If you want a video journalist you probably ought to hire one.‖  Footage can be taken on phonesopportunity for viewers to  send in their experiences – Steve Purcell from The Mirror Uploading of videos by all citizens undermine the position of  journalists in society
  15. 15. + Does the addition of multimedia to text stories make them better?
  16. 16. + The Mojo in the Third Millennium P.H. Martyn Sean Carroll
  17. 17. + The changing face of journalism is moving towards a more Journalism multimedia based means of transmitting information. are expected to be Journalists proficient with filming, editing, photography and internet publication.
  18. 18. + New breeds of journalist – Mobile Journalist ―Mojo‖ – Solo Journalist ―Sojo‖ Independent journalists doing the job of a whole news team 
  19. 19. + ―The mobile journalist concept has been embraced by management at many newspapers trying to keep their corporations profitable in an era of increasingly fractured and declining audiences‖. P.H. Martyn
  20. 20. + The advantages of Mojos and Sojos Cheaper then sending out entire news crews  Can cover a greater amount of news then their traditional  counterparts Mojos may increase news readership among a younger  demographic Sojos can report live, upload copy virtually instantaneously and  almost cover the world in real time
  21. 21. + ―Sojos have had a devastating impact on the immediacy and depth of television and web coverage … News junkies across the globe have responded … by tripling the traffic to key websites. In some cases, such as CNN, traffic has leapt tenfold‖. Mark Hollands The Australian
  22. 22. + Speed over depth? 1991 Gulf War – television the accepted medium for breaking  new Newspapers respond by adding graphics, maps and  ―explainers‖ to their product Reporters on the field filed copy on what they  witnessed, editors added context at home Today the emphasis is on speed of information rather than  depth Contextualisationof news is not always carried out 
  23. 23. + Pros and cons of high speed technologies it possible to deliver Make information in record time the amount of time available Reduce for the working journalist to think, reflect, evaluate, shape, craft and contextualize the news
  24. 24. + The threat of Mojos and Sojos to Traditional Media Critical role of the media could be under threat as journalists  increasingly simply relay the line of self-interested parties Gatekeeper role of the media under threat from mojo and  sojojournalists Solo video journalists today – preoccupied with camera angles  and technicalities rather than critical facts?
  25. 25. + Combining media creates a better package run by journalist Kevin Sites – Website good example story telling coming together Multifaceted to create a completely immersive package. one media falters,another will Where balance it
  26. 26. + The impact for local news  Hyper-local news - constant updating of news on the internet in local areas by journalists  Often done by citizen journalists and bloggers  Succeedswhere newspapers fail: keeping people aware of local news at all times  Community members with specialized skills can contribute  Agreat advance in investigative journalism or a loss of respect for the industry?
  27. 27. + ―These technologies ought to be employed by experienced journalists and media managers should ensure that the traditional gatekeeper roles not be bypassed.‖ Martyn
  28. 28. + In conclusion…  Technologyis simply a means for journalists to do what they have always done only better  Critical analysis should not be sacrificed in favour of speed  Finding balance between the increase in the need casting a critical eye over those in power is journalism‘s next big challenge.
  29. 29. + Thank you Now what do you think?