CCHS - Consejo Superior de
            ssasas
Investigaciones Científicas (Spain)                                   ssasas...
CONTEXT


XXI Century                  The “Century of Knowledge”
                             (Taichi Sakaya, 1991; Peter...
PRELIMINARY REMARKS AND TABLE OF
                                               CONTENTS
     MAIN QUESTION

i)   What kin...
1. NEW VALUES AND URBAN FUNCTIONS


      Cities

               Preferential cores of the territorial competition in the ...
2. NEW (AND RENEW) URBAN SPACES OF
                                                        INTERACTION

  Interaction spac...
2. (cont.)


      New (and renew) urban spaces of (intense) interaction … some categories


i)    iHubs
                 ...
2. (cont.)

Some Examples (Spain)
       N




                                       BARCELONA


                        ...
2. (cont.)
  i) Large scale intervention
  Eje Prado-Recoletos (Madrid)                Urban reconversion
                ...
2. (cont.)
    i) Large scale intervention
    La Marina Quarter (Barcelona)       Urban regeneration

N                  ...
2. (cont.)
ii) Small scale intervention
Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid)       Urban regeneration
                            ...
2. (cont.)
ii) Small scale intervention
Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid)       Urban regeneration
                            ...
3. CHALENDGES FOR URBAN PLANNING IN THE
                                                  KS

  XIX century    →     signi...
3. (cont.)


  Urban planning practices can be renewed through:

                                                         ...
4. MAIN CONCLUSIONS AND ISSUES FOR
                                         RELFECTION



Significantly different urban en...
4. (cont.) … some reflections …..




   Cities as core centres in the KS, but also places of (knowledge)
    exclusion

 ...
Learning Cities in the
                                                  Knowledge Based Society
                         ...
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New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP

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New Urban Spaces Of Interaction Knowledge Society RomeiroP

  1. 1. CCHS - Consejo Superior de ssasas Investigaciones Científicas (Spain) ssasas Faculdade Letras – Universidade do Porto (Portugal) New urban spaces of interaction in the knowledge based society Patrícia ROMEIRO Learning Cities in the Knowledge Based Society Milan, 9-10-11 October 2008 Fellowship from the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia/Ministério da Ciência e Ensino Superior (Portugal)
  2. 2. CONTEXT XXI Century The “Century of Knowledge” (Taichi Sakaya, 1991; Peter Drucker, 1994,..) At the territorial (urban) context …. Knowledge City (Van Winden & Van den Berg, 2004; Ergazakis et al., 2004;..) “… is a city that aims at a knowledge based development, by encouraging the continuous creation, sharing, evaluation, renewal and update of knowledge” (…) “this can be achieved though the continuous interaction between its citizens” (Ergazakis et al., 2004:7). This requires intentionality and planning….. The city’s appropriate design, ICT networks and physical spaces that support these interactions (Ergazakis et al., 2004).
  3. 3. PRELIMINARY REMARKS AND TABLE OF CONTENTS MAIN QUESTION i) What kind of innovative urban spaces have been planned, to stimulate a higher density of the interactions among the urban actors (in a broader sense). … in addition … ii) What are the main challenges for urban planning in the Knowledge Society (KS) • STUDY: i) theoretical study, ii) Spanish examples STRUCTURE 1. New values and urban functions 2. New (and renew) urban spaces of interaction 3. Challenges for urban planning in the KS 4. Main conclusions and issues for reflection
  4. 4. 1. NEW VALUES AND URBAN FUNCTIONS Cities Preferential cores of the territorial competition in the KS (Gordon & Buck, 2007; Sassen, 2002; Knight, 1995) Competition strategies based on the attraction of: i) New activities (new specialized services – informatics, design, cultural production, …) ii) New functions (territories of production … but also territories of consumption ) iii) New residents (attraction of “creative” and “high skilled” workers) “places to live, work, learn and play” CITIES “places of interaction”
  5. 5. 2. NEW (AND RENEW) URBAN SPACES OF INTERACTION Interaction spaces always have been important to cities (Agora, Forum, …) But nowadays … they gain a renew protagonism and new characteristics Industrial Society: Spaces of intense knowledge circulation: Knowledge = Science&Technology i) Out of the inner city Urban Planning = Functional Logic ii) Apart from other urban functions (residential, commercial, etc.) Knowledge Society: Regeneration of the core urban areas Knowledge = not only Science&Technology with production activities and “formal Urban Planning = Multifunctional Logic knowledge production” organizations i) Renewing and re-shaping urban landscapes ii) Altering the city’s spatial organisation and structure. iii) Social impacts (new residents with new demands)
  6. 6. 2. (cont.) New (and renew) urban spaces of (intense) interaction … some categories i) iHubs Main differences ii) Living labs i) Scale of intervention (small, large) iii) Cultural and leisure clusters/quarters ii) Dominant activity (economic, iv) Science shops residential, cultural, …) v) Squares iii) Promoter (public, private, mixed partnership) vi) Libraries vii) …
  7. 7. 2. (cont.) Some Examples (Spain) N BARCELONA MADRID
  8. 8. 2. (cont.) i) Large scale intervention Eje Prado-Recoletos (Madrid) Urban reconversion Promoter: Public (partnership) Thyssen Main activity: cultural, leisure Planning elements: green space creation, traffic restrictions and new cultural infrastructures. CaixaForum Other cultural organizations ... Prado Reina Sofía
  9. 9. 2. (cont.) i) Large scale intervention La Marina Quarter (Barcelona) Urban regeneration N Promoter: Public (in partnership) Main activity: residential, economical, leisure, etc. Planning elements: houses (some social houses), sustainable mobility, cultural&social centres, research centres, etc.) – 75 ha
  10. 10. 2. (cont.) ii) Small scale intervention Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid) Urban regeneration Promoter: Public Main activity: leisure Planning elements: new square
  11. 11. 2. (cont.) ii) Small scale intervention Plaza Santo Domingo (Madrid) Urban regeneration Promoter: Public Main activity: leisure Planning elements: new square
  12. 12. 3. CHALENDGES FOR URBAN PLANNING IN THE KS XIX century → significantly different urban environment High … i) territorial complexity (economic, social, cultural, etc.) ii) diversity of urban actors iii) diversity of activities Challenges to urban planning New … iv) urban functions v) “ingredients” to competitiveness
  13. 13. 3. (cont.) Urban planning practices can be renewed through: Humanism Communication i) the articulation of a new set of political-ethical ideals Interactivity (Borja, 2003) Sustainability Distinctiveness Culture Knowledge ii) implementation of a new type of intervention projects Creativity ICT
  14. 14. 4. MAIN CONCLUSIONS AND ISSUES FOR RELFECTION Significantly different urban environment (higher territorial complexity and new elements for territorial competitiveness) Knowledge Society – creation of dense and multifunctional urban spaces in the city It is earlier to evaluate with precision the repercussions of these new spaces of interaction, but it is important be attentive…
  15. 15. 4. (cont.) … some reflections ….. Cities as core centres in the KS, but also places of (knowledge) exclusion Urban planning - integrate new values and practices in the KS Planning as part of the political process rather than a technical activity (mediator role of urban planners) BOUNDARIES, COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKS IN PLANNING PRACTICES REDUCTION PROMOTION SUPPORT
  16. 16. Learning Cities in the Knowledge Based Society Milan, 9-10-11 October 2008 Thank you. Patrícia ROMEIRO (patricia.romeiro@cchs.csic.es) PhD student at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Spain) and Oporto University (Portugal)

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