Wadas - which were the traditional residential form of
Maratha architecture, evolved under the reign of Peshwas.
A wada was typically a large building of two or more storey
with groups of rooms arranged around open courtyards.
Types of wadas:
• Palace Wadas
• Nobleman Wadas
• Ordinary Wadas
WHAT IS A WADA?
Its style was an amalgamation where features from Mughal,
Rajasthan, and Gujarat architecture were combined with local
Settlements developed around the Peshwa’s residence.
Land around the Peshwa residence was divided into wards
Similarly the wadas were built in rest of the Maharashtra.
EMERGENCE OF WADA
The streets and roads in the settlement were narrow.
Roads were never straight as the growth of the settlement
The plots for construction of wadas were rectangular and lay
right next to the streets.
A wada never had a garden or vistas leading to it.
The urban form of the settlement appeared like a maze of two
or three storied structures having internal open spaces, placed
along the road network with very little open community
NEIGHBOURHOOD OF A WADA
Moderate type of climate has the following characteristics:
The solar radiation is more or less the same throughput the
The total rainfall usually exceeds 1000mm per year. Winter is
a dry season.
Winds are generally in summer.Their speed and direction
The design of a wada was not influenced much by the
climatic factors rather it was influenced more by the social
and cultural factors.
Distinct zoning can be seen.
Separate entrances are provided.
There are 4 entrances to the house.
Privacy for the women given a priority.
Three main courtyards.
The wada has it’s entrance in the southern side. The most
significant features of the wada was the way it’s zoning of
public, private and semi-private spaces was done.
This can be seen very distinctly in the plan.
Built in 1746, It was the seat of the Peshwa rulers of the Maratha
Empire until 1818
The Dilli Darwaza is the main gate of the complex, and faces north towards Delhi
Mastani Darwaja (Mastani's Gate) , facing north
Khidki Darwaja (Window Gate), facing east.
Ganesh Darwaja (Ganesh Gate), facing south-east
Narayan Darwaja (Narayan's Gate), facing south
THE FORT COMPLEX
The important buildings in the palace includes the Thorlya Rayancha
Diwankhana , Naachacha Diwankhana (Dance Hall), and Juna Arsa Mahal (Old
The complex had an impressive lotus-shaped fountain: the Hazari Karanje
Regional Classification: Desh
Typology: Palace Wada.
This rajwada represents elements of the Delhi style and
elements of Hindu style in its existing façade
This came to be known as Maratha style.
This wada was built by the last Peshwa, Bajirao II Built in
1803 AD, as his private residence. Later this wada became a
college for vedantas and shahstras in 1818 AD. Currently, the
structure is used as a Post Office.
D. Dining Room
E. Women’s Room
H. Main Entrance
I. Bajirao Road
K. Courtyard 1
L. Courtyard 2
M. Courtyard 3
Courtyard of Vishrambagh Wada
Wooden window Details
Brick of size 12 inches x 24 inches x 15 inches
were used for construction of walls which were
plastered with lime plaster. Door and window
openings were done in teak woods
Its made of great dark processed saag (teak)
columns and cream walls. Intricately curved
ornamental tear drop teak pillars. The banana
flower embellishment are characteristic to the
Detail made up
of teak wood.
Detail made up of teak
The three fountains
inside the courtyard of
Column details in the meghdambari of
The Vishrambagh wada
made from the teak wood
at the entrance.
Small window openings with
Hauds were used to store
All the staircases were
places in 4ft thick walls.
All the external walls of the wada were
This helped to keep the interior of the
wall cool in summers and the privacy
Ring in the
supporting the upper floor
Stone base supporting a
Niche in the wall to