Abortion

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Abortion

  1. 1. Abortion.<br />
  2. 2. An abortion<br />Is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus/embryo, resulting in or caused by its death. An abortion can occur spontaneously due to complications during pregnancy or can be induced, in humans and other species. <br />
  3. 3. Abortion has a long history and has been induced by various methods including:<br />
  4. 4. Herbal abortifacients.<br /> The use of sharpened tools, physical trauma and other traditional methods. <br />Contemporary medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures to induce abortion.<br />
  5. 5. Legality, prevalence, cultural status, and religious status of abortion vary substantially around the world. In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the ethical and legal issues of abortion. <br />Incidence of abortion has declined worldwide as access to family planning education and contraceptive services has increased<br />
  6. 6. Types of abortion.<br />Spontaneous abortion (also known as miscarriage) is the expulsion of an embryo or fetus due to accidental trauma or natural causes before approximately the 22nd week of gestation.<br />
  7. 7. Induced abortion.<br />A pregnancy can be intentionally aborted in many ways. The manner selected depends chiefly upon the gestational age of the embryo or fetus. <br />
  8. 8. An abortion is medically referred to as therapeutic when it is performed to:<br />Save the life of the pregnant woman. <br />Preserve the woman's physical or mental health.<br />Terminate pregnancy that would result in a child born with a congenital disorder that would be fatal or associated with significant morbidity. <br />
  9. 9. Abortion methods.<br />"Medical abortions" are non-surgical abortions that use pharmaceutical drugs, and are only effective in the first trimester of pregnancies.<br />
  10. 10. Surgical methods.<br />
  11. 11. Manual Vacuum aspiration.<br />Also known as "mini-suction" and "menstrual extraction", can be used in very early pregnancy, and does not require cervical dilation.<br />
  12. 12. Dilation and curettage (D&C).<br />The second most common method of abortion, is a standard gynecological procedure performed for a variety of reasons. <br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Non surgical methods.<br />The abortion pill is a medicine that ends an early pregnancy. In general, it can be used up to 63 days after the first day of a woman's last period.<br />The name for "the abortion pill" is mifepristone. It was called RU-486 when it was being developed.<br />
  15. 15. How Does Medication Abortion Feel?<br />For most women, medication abortion is like an early miscarriage. It is normal to have bleeding and cramping. <br />Feel dizzy. <br />Feel strong cramps. <br />Feel nauseous or vomit .<br />Have diarrhea. <br />Feel temporary abdominal pain .<br />Have temporary mild fever or chills.<br />
  16. 16. Thanks 4 your attention<br />

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