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Patendiuuringud

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Üldine patendiinfo ülevaade:
*Milleks patendiinfo uuringuid teha – patendiuuringute olemus ja vajadus
*Patendiinfo dokumentide tutvustus
*Uuringute liigid
*Kuidas otsingut alustada ja milliseid strateegiaid kasutada
*Võimalikud ohud
*Milliseid andmebaase kasutada
*Näidisülesanded

Kuidas patendidokumenti lugeda
*Patendidokumendi ülesehitus
*Patendidokumendi erinevate osade tähendus
*Millele tähelepanu pöörata?

Patendi kaitsmise protseduuride ülevaade 
*Esitamine, ekspertiis, väljaandmine, kehtivus

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Patendiuuringud

  1. 1. Patendiuuringute A&B Mikk Putk Patendivolinik Sarap ja Partnerid Patendibüroo http://patendiuuring.ee/ Tartu Biotehnoloogia Park, 17.04.2013
  2. 2. Teemad Üldine patendiinfo ülevaade: • Milleks patendiinfo uuringuid teha – patendiuuringute olemus ja vajadus • Patendiinfo dokumentide tutvustus • Uuringute liigid • Kuidas otsingut alustada ja milliseid strateegiaid kasutada • Võimalikud ohud • Milliseid andmebaase kasutada • Näidisülesanded Kuidas patendidokumenti lugeda? • Patendidokumendi ülesehitus? • Patendidokumendi erinevate osade tähendus? • Millele tähelepanu pöörata? Patendi kaitsmise protseduuride ülevaade • Esitamine, ekspertiis, väljaandmine, kehtivus 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 2
  3. 3. Millest täna ei räägi? • Kaubamärgiotsingutest • Disainilahenduste otsingutest • netiotsingutest, teadusinfo otsingutest (non- patent information searches) • Aasia patendiinfo uuringutest 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 3
  4. 4. Mõisted • Patendiotsing vs patendiuuring • Patendiinfo • Päringu-/otsingu kriteeriumid • Patendinõudlus (patend claim) • Patendiperekond (patent family) • Tehnika tase (prior art, state of the art) • Prioriteedikuupäev (priority date) • Patendiklass (patent class) • 18 kuud! 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 4
  5. 5. Patendiinfo jagunemine Patendidokumentidest saadav informatsioon, mis jaguneb: – tehniliseks informatsiooniks; • Info lahenduse valdkonna, tausta, olemuse, teostamise, trendide kohta. – juriidiliseks informatsiooniks; • Info lahenduse õiguskaitse kehtivuse, staatuse, kaitseulatuse kohta. – turuinformatsiooniks. • Info riikide, ettevõtete äritegevuse kohta. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 5
  6. 6. Milleks patendiuuringud? Mida annab patendiinfo? • Ettevõtjale • Tootearendajale • Teadlasele • Leiutajale • Patenditaotlejale 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 6
  7. 7. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 7 Leidsin patendi, mis nüüd saab? Aga see on ju patenteeritud, seda ei tohi/ei saa toota!?
  8. 8. Patendidokumendid • avaldatud ekspertiisis olevad ja tagasi lükatud patenditaotlused; • kehtetud ja kehtivad patendid; • muud tehniliste lahenduste kaitsedokumendid (sh utility models, innovation patents, petty patents, short term patent, jms); • patenditaotluste ekspertiisiaruanded. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 8
  9. 9. Kuidas patenti lugeda? • Mis tüüpi dokumendiga on tegemist? – taotlus või patent; – kehtiv või kehtetu. • Mida patendikirjeldus sisaldab? • Mis on patendis kirjeldatud lahenduse eesmärk? • Mis on patendinõudlus (patent claim)? 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 9
  10. 10. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 10 Publication number Country or regional code Serial number Kind code Document type Status Claims Family US8765432B1 US 8765432 B1 Granted patent ? ? ? US20070037165A1 US 20070037165 A1 Application ? ? ? US2007037165A1 US 2007037165 A1 Application ? ? ? US2007037165(A1) ? ? US2007037165 ? ? EP2579069A2 EP 2579069 A2 App without search report ? ? ? EP2101796B1 EP 1851319 B1 Granted patent ? ? ? EE201200012A EE 201200012 A Application ? ? ? EE01135U1 EE 01135 U1 Utility model ? ? ? WO2013047680A1 WO 2013047680 A1 App with search report ? ? ? WO2009109156A3 WO 2009109156 A3 Search report ? ? ? Kas kaitse kehtib? Kas tegemist on üldse patendiga? Mis on kaitstud! Kus on kaitstud! Millal on dokument avaldatud? Kus on dokument avaldatud?
  11. 11. Kind codes 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 11 European Patent Office (EP) A1 APPLICATION PUBLISHED WITH SEARCH REPORT A2 APPLICATION PUBLISHED WITHOUT SEARCH REPORT A3 SEARCH REPORT A4 SUPPLEMENTARY SEARCH REPORT A8 MODIFIED FIRST PAGE A9 MODIFIED COMPLETE SPECIFICATION B1 PATENT SPECIFICATION B2 NEW PATENT SPECIFICATION B3 AFTER LIMITATION PROCEDURE B8 MODIFIED FIRST PAGE GRANTED PATENT B9 CORRECTED COMPLETE GRANTED PATENT Estonia (EE) A PUBLISHED PATENT APPLICATION A1 AMENDED PATENT APPLICATION B1 GRANTED PATENT B2 AMENDED GRANTED PATENT (FIRST) B3 AMENDED GRANTED PATENT (SECOND) U REGISTERED UTILITY MODEL [UNTIL 15-10-1996] U1 REGISTERED UTILITY MODEL [FROM 16-10-1996 ONWARDS] U2 REGISTERED UTILITY MODEL, DESCRIPTION MODIFIED (FIRST) [FROM 16-10-1996 ONWARDS] U3 REGISTERED UTILITY MODEL, DESCRIPTION MODIFIED (SECOND) [FROM 16-10-1996 ONWARDS]
  12. 12. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 12 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (WO) A1 INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED WITH INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT A2 INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED WITHOUT INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT or INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION PUBLISHED WITH DECLARATION UNDER ARTICLE 17 (2) (A) A3 LATER PUBLICATION OF ISR WITH REVISED FRONT PAGE A4 LATER PUBLICATION OF AMENDED CLAIMS AND / OR STATEMENT (ARTICLE 19) REVISED FRONT PAGE [FROM 01-01-2009 ONWARDS] B1 AMENDED CLAIMS C1 MODIFIED FIRST PAGE or INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION REPUBLISHED WITH CORRECTIONS TO FRONT PAGE BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATA C2 COMPLETE CORRECTED DOCUMENT or INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION OR ISR REPUBLISHED WITH CORRECTIONS, ALTERATIONS OR SUPPLEMENTS K1 NON-OFFICIAL TRANSLATION OF WO -A DOCUMENT, NOT ISSUED BY PATENT OFFICE Kind codes
  13. 13. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 13 United States (US) A PATENT [FROM BEGIN UNTIL END 2000] or PATENT ISSUED AFTER 1ST PUB. WITHIN THE TVPP A1 FIRST PUBLISHED PATENT APPLICATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] A2 REPUBLISHED PATENT APPLICATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] A9 CORRECTED PATENT APPLICATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] B1 REEXAM. CERTIF., N-ND REEXAM. or GRANTED PATENT AS FIRST PUBLICATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] B2 REEXAM. CERTIF., N-ND REEXAM. or GRANTED PATENT AS SECOND PUBLICATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] B3 REEXAM. CERTIF., N-ND REEXAM. B8 CORRECTED FRONT PAGE GRANTED PATENT [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] B9 CORRECTED COMPLETE GRANTED PATENT [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] C1….C9 REEXAMINATION [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] E REISSUE or DESIGN REISSUE or PLANT REISSUE E1 REISSUE [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] F1….F9 REEXAM. CERT REISSUE N-ND REEXAM. H STATUTORY INVENTION REGISTRATION (SIR) or STATUTORY INVENTION REGISTRATION FOR DESIGN or STATUTORY INVENTION REGISTRATION FOR PLANT PATENT H1 STATUTORY INVENTION REGISTRATION (SIR) [FROM 2001 ONWARDS] I1 PATENT PRE-1836 I2 REISSUE PRE-1836 I3 ADD. IMPROVEMENT (1838-1868) I4 DEFENSIVE PUBLICATION I5 PATENT APPLICATION PUBL. WITHIN THE TVPP [PUB.DATE: 28/01/1975] or PATENT APPLICATION PUBL. WITHIN THE TVPP P….P9 PLANT PATENTS [FROM NO. 1 TO 11727] S….S1 DESIGN PATENT Kind codes
  14. 14. Patenditaotluste, patentide struktuur • Bibliograafilised andmed – Dokumendi tüüp ; autorid, taotleja/omanik; prioriteedi, esitamise, avaldamise andmed; pealkiri, lühikokkuvõte • Leiutiskirjeldus – Tehnikavaldkond, tehnika tase, leiutise olemus, jooniste kirjeldus, teostusnäited • Patendinõudlus • Lühikokkuvõte • Joonised • Tsiteeringud 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 14
  15. 15. Bibliograafilised andmed 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 15 Patendidokumendi struktuur
  16. 16. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 16 Bibliograafilised andmed Patendidokumendi struktuur
  17. 17. INID Codes 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 17 10 Document identification 11 Number of the document 12 Plain language designation of the kind of document 20 Domestic filing data 21 Number(s) assigned to the application(s) 22 Date(s) of filing application(s) 30 Priority Data 31 Number(s) assigned to priority application(s) 32 Date(s) of filing of priority application(s) 40 Date(s) of making available to the public 50 Technical information 51 International Patent Classification 52 Domestic or national classification 54 Title of the invention 56 List of prior art documents, if separate from descriptive text 57 Abstract or claim 58 Field of search 70 Identification of parties concerned with the document 71 Name(s) of applicant(s) 72 Name(s) of inventor(s) if known to be such 73 Name(s) of grantee(s), holder(s), assignee(s) or owner(s) 74 Name(s) of attorney(s) or agent(s) 75 Name(s) of inventor(s) who is (are) also applicant(s) 76 Name(s) of inventor(s) who is (are) also applicant(s) and grantee(s)
  18. 18. Otsinguaruanded 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 18 http://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/aspac/en/wipo_ip_kul_11/wipo_ip_kul_11_ref_t20.pdf Categories of Citations X - particularly relevant if taken alone Objection: Lack of novelty or lack of inventive step with one document Y - particularly relevant if combined with another Y-document Objection: Lack of inventive step by combination of two (or more) documents, always in pairs A - Technological background, no objection of lack of novelty or inv. step O - Non-written (e.g. oral) disclosure P - intermediate document, published after priority date but before filing date of the application; used in combination with X, Y, A (e.g. XP) T - Theory or principle underlying the invention E - Earlier patent document, but published on, or after the filing date D - cited in the application L - cited for other reasons
  19. 19. Leiutiskirjeldus • FIELD OF THE INVENTION • BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION – Viited varasematele sarnastele lahendustele • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION – EXAMPLES – Experimental data – tables • Drawings 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 19 Patendidokumendi struktuur EP2482072
  20. 20. Joonised 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 20 Patendidokumendi struktuur
  21. 21. Mikk Putk Patendinõudlus (patent claim) 17.04.2013 21 Patendidokumendi struktuur Claims tree EP2482072
  22. 22. Kuidas nõudlust lugeda? 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 22 Iseseisvad ehk sõltumatud nõudluspunktid Sõltuvad nõudluspunktid US4683202 EP2114628 Iseseisvad ehk sõltumatud nõudluspunktid Sõltuvad nõudluspunktid
  23. 23. Tsiteeringud 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 23 Backward citations / Cited documents • Patenditaotlused viidatud varasemad tehnika taseme dokumendid - patendidokumendid - teadusartiklid - muud dokumendid: veebileheküljed, ajakirjade artiklid, esitlused, raamatud, jne jms • Eksperdi poolt ekspertiisi käigus leitud ja otsinguaruandes viidatud dokumendid - patendidokumendid - teadusartiklid - muud dokumendid: veebileheküljed, ajakirjade artiklid, esitlused, raamatud, jne jms Forwardward citations / Citing documents • Uuemad patendidokumendid • Teadusartiklid, lõputööd • Ekspertiisiaruanded • Muud viited: blogid, foorumid, tootetutvustused jms
  24. 24. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 24 Backward citations/ Cited documents Forwardward citations/ Citing documents Tsiteeringud US6000000 Extendible method and apparatus for synchronizing multiple files on two different computer systems
  25. 25. Patendipere / Patendiperekond 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 25 Definition 1: The simple patent family All documents having exactly the same priority or combination of priorities belong to one patent family. In this case, document D1 is the only document in family P1, D2 and D3 belong to family P1-P2, D4 belongs to family P2-P3, and D5 to family P3. Document D1 Priority P1 FAMILY P1 Document D2 Priority P1 Priority P2 FAMILY P1-P2 Document D3 Priority P1 Priority P2 FAMILY P1-P2 Document D4 Priority P2 Priority P3 FAMILY P2- P3 Document D5 Priority P3 FAMILY P3 http://www.epo.org/searching/essentials/patent-families.html
  26. 26. Patendipere / Patendiperekond 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 26 Definition 2: All the documents having at least one common priority belong to the same patent family. In this case, documents D1, D2 and D3 belong to family P1, documents D2, D3 and D4 to family P2, and documents D4 and D5 to family P3. FAMILY P1 FAMILY P2 FAMILY P3 Document D1 Priority P1 Document D2 Priority P1 Priority P2 Document D3 Priority P1 Priority P2 Document D4 Priority P2 Priority P3 Document D5 Priority P3 http://www.epo.org/searching/essentials/patent-families.html
  27. 27. Patendipere / Patendiperekond 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 27 Definition 3: All the documents directly or indirectly linked via a priority document belong to one patent family. In this case, documents D1 to D5 belong to the same patent family, P1. FAMILY P1 Document D1 Priority P1 Document D2 Priority P1 Priority P2 Document D3 Priority P1 Priority P2 Document D4 Priority P2 Priority P3 Document D5 Priority P3 http://www.epo.org/searching/essentials/patent-families.html
  28. 28. Uuringute liigid • Valdkonnauuring (patent landscape search, patent mapping) • Nimeuuring • Patendidokumendi/Patendiperekonna uuring (family search) • Tehnika taseme uuring (state of the art search, prior art search ) • Tsiteeringute uuring (citation search) • Kehtivuse uuring (status search; validity search, invalidity search) • Rikkumiste uuring (infringment search, clearence search ) • Kasutamise, tegutsemisvabaduse uuring (right to use search, freedm to operate search) • Patenteeritavuse/Uudsuse uuring (patentability search, novelty search) • Monitooring, jälgimine (patent monitoring, patent watch) • Vaidluste uuring • Kuuluvuse uuring • Muud uuringud: tehnoloogia-, turu-, konkurendi-, piirkonnauuring 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 28
  29. 29. Päringute väljad andmebaasides • Tekstiväljad – Pealkiri – Lühikokkuvõte – Leiutiskirjeldus/Täistekst – Nõudlus • Numbriväljad – Dokumendi number – Prioriteedi/Avaldamise/Esitamise kuupäev • Patendiklassid – ECLA – IPC (~70 000 valdkond) – USPC (~150 000 valdkonda) – CPC (~250 000 valdkonda) – F-terms 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 29
  30. 30. IPC • A — HUMAN NECESSITIES • B — PERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING • C — CHEMISTRY; METALLURGY • D — TEXTILES; PAPER • E — FIXED CONSTRUCTIONS • F — MECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING • G — PHYSICS • H — ELECTRICITY 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 30
  31. 31. Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) • A - Human necessities • B - Performing operations; transporting • C - Chemistry; metallurgy • D - Textiles; paper • E - Fixed constructions • F - Mechanical engineering; lighting; heating; weapons; blasting engines or pumps • G - Physics • H - Electricity • Y - New technological developments 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 31
  32. 32. G Physics G02 Optics G02C Spectacles, sunglasses or goggles ... G02C5 Construction of non-optical parts G02C5/14 . Side members G02C5/20 .. Adjustable, telescopic 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 32
  33. 33. Biotechnology (IPC) • C07G COMPOUNDS OF UNKNOWN CONSTITUTION • C07K PEPTIDES • C12M APPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY • C12N MICRO-ORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF • C12P FERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE • C12Q MEASURING OR TESTING PROCESSES INVOLVING ENZYMES OR MICRO-ORGANISMS • C12R INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES C12C- C12Q OR C12S, RELATING TO MICRO-ORGANISMS • C12S PROCESSES USING ENZYMES OR MICRO-ORGANISMS TO LIBERATE, SEPARATE OR PURIFY A PRE-EXISTING COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 33 Allikas: http://ipinsiders.com/page/patent-search#.UW0V5rWNpKJ
  34. 34. Ohud patendiuuringu läbiviimisel • Andmebaaside erinevused • Andmete erinevused (klassid, terminid, õigekiri, omanikevahetus) • Andmete puudumine • Patendidokumentide avaldamine • Alusinfo puudulik • Kasutatavad otsingukriteeriumid ei ole õiged • Ebatäpne patendiklass • Õigekiri, tõlkevead • Kes on taotleja/omanik? • Žargoon, sünonüümid • Akronüümid, lühendid • Sama sõna erinevates valdkondades erineva tähendusega 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 34
  35. 35. Andres Männik  Mannik or Monnik or Maennik ÕO; OE CHTS TŠ ZH Å æ Č Ē jne Color vs colour; fluorecent vs florecent; 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 35 Õigekiri Ohud patendiuuringu tegemisel
  36. 36. Žargoon 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 36 Ohud patendiuuringu tegemisel Swimming pool = Water-retaining recreational structure Balloon = Spherical device A paper bin = Arrangements for the disposal of refuse Shoe = Footwear Feed point = Power supply means
  37. 37. Žargoon 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 37 Ohud patendiuuringu tegemisel writing instrument = pen a plurality of balls = ball bearing spherical object with floppy filaments to promote sure capture = toy ball http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  38. 38. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 38 Patent jargon in electronics electrical power source for electronic circuits semiconductor switching device with a control electrode galvanically isolated electrical coupling means = battery = transistor = transformer http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  39. 39. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 39 Patent jargon in electronics = current collector photo-transmitting device = LED (light-emitting diode) arrangement for tapping power from an electrical cable http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  40. 40. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 40 Patent jargon in general technology elongate member = pipe, riser, cable or optical fibre wing = door or window http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  41. 41. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 41 Patent jargon in general technology energy-storing means = spring fastening means = nail, screw or rivet, etc. http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  42. 42. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 42 Patent jargon in general technology a flexible member = membrane or diaphragm locking means = U-shaped retainer, etc. http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  43. 43. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 43 • water- and oil-repellent surface • water-soluble or water-dispersible polymer • superabsorbent • expanded styrenic (co)polymer • polyisoprene • ionomer • graft copolymer of vinyl aromatic monomers on a butadiene rubber • aromatic polyester Teflon® polyacrylic acid (salt) or polyvinyl alcohol gel of polyacrylic acid (salt) polystyrene foam; Styrofoam® natural rubber copolymer of ethylene and salts of acrylic acid ABS (the plastic of which LEGO bricks are made) PET (polyethylene terephthalate) Patent jargon in chemistry http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  44. 44. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 44 Patent jargon in pharmaceuticals ophthalmic solution = a solution suitable for the application to the eye (for example, NOT a sodium hydroxide solution with a pH of 13) pharmaceutically = any substance that the expert working acceptable carrier in the field (= person skilled in the art) would use for preparing a medicament (examples: cellulose, glycerol, starch) device for mixing the = any apparatus or mixer which is suitable pharmaceutical for this purpose. It need not necessarily come from ingredients the pharmaceutical area and may be used for a different purpose (example: a household mixer) http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  45. 45. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 45 Patent jargon in pharmaceuticals pharmaceutical composition = exception to the principle explained: comprising X and Y for use intended use is taken into consideration in the treatment of disease Z (instead of just a "suitable for" check) if - the composition has not been used in medicine before (= first medical use) or - at least the specific use has not been described before (= second medical use) http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  46. 46. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 46 Patent jargon in chemistry/pharmaceuticals A composition comprising water and glycerol "comprising" = further ingredients may also be present "containing" = further ingredients may also be present "consisting of" = only the ingredients listed are present http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  47. 47. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 47 Patent jargon in chemistry • A composition comprising A, B and C = a mixture of at least A, B and C, and possibly other components Example: A composition comprising a solution of lactic acid in alcohol/water → Wine! • A composition consisting of A, B and C = a mixture in which only A, B and C are present Example: A composition consisting of a solution of lactic acid in alcohol/water → Wine is now excluded, since it comprises many more products than just lactic acid, alcohol and water. • A composition consisting essentially of A, B, and C = a mixture of A, B and C which may include further components provided they do not negatively affect the effect of the invention Example: A composition consisting essentially of a solution of lactic acid in alcohol/water → Wine might be included if the other components in wine do not prevent the effect of the invention being obtained. http://www.epo.org/learning-events/materials/kit/modules.html
  48. 48. Sünonüümid 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 48 • device or apparatus or system • method or procedure or process • Bioelectric* impedance or electric* bio impedance • programmable or reprogrammable or configurable or reconfigurable • bioactive peptides or biopeptides • microbe or animal or mammal or mammalian or human or living • treating or treatment or cur* or medic* or therapeutic* or disinfect* or sterilis* or investigat* or irradiat* or therapy • Gynaecological or gynecological or vaginal or genital or veneral or cervi* or endometriosis laparoscopy • nail or Skin or dermatology* or dermatose or psoriasis or parapsoriasis or vitiligo or leukoderma or eczema • lab-on-chip or labonchip or lab on chip or LOC 48
  49. 49. Sünonüümid 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 49 • tongue or mouth or head or oral • cancer or tumor or tumour • seeds or vegetation or plants or flora or greenery or vegetation or plantage or underbrush or forest or wood or bush or hedge or shrub or terrain • endometrium or endometrial or endometriosis • burner or heating or thermal or dehydration or pyrolysis or biomass or chips or wood or oil or liquid • biomass or chips or wood or carbon-containing or carbonaceous material or plant material or vegetable matter • band or ribbon or cord or lace or string or stripe or fibre or yarn • Cleaning or cleaner or cleanser or washing • Dishwashing or bathroom or toilet or window or household • biodegradable or vegetable based or organic or plant based 49
  50. 50. Kuidas ohte vältida? Kontrolli: • kas operaatorid (and, or, near, not, jne) on õiged? • kas otsinguväljad (title, abstract, claims, full text/description; publication/priority/ application/grant number; inventor, applicant) on õiged? • kas andmebaas on õige? • kas otsingukriteeriumid (numbers, classes, keywords) on õigesti kirjutatud? • kas on õiged märksõnad (NB! sününüümid!), patendiklassid valitud? • kas päring on liiga lai? • Kas päring on liiga kitsas? 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 50
  51. 51. Soovitused 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 51 • Mis on alternatiivsed võimalused? • Mis märksõnu on lahenduse kirjeldamiseks varem kasutatud? • Kuidas on eksperdid selles valdkonnas otsingut teinud? • Sama teema kohta kolleegiga koos otsingu tegemine • NB! Salvesta otsingukriteerimid, uuringu teostamise kuupäev
  52. 52. Võimalused alternatiivse sõnastuse ja märksõnade leidmiseks • Leiutiskirjeldus, kokkuvõte, nõudlus, joonised • Muud publikatsioonid • Tootekirjeldused, veebilehed • Erialased uuringud • Thesaurus (for synonyms) • kolleegid 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 52
  53. 53. Patendiuuringute strateegiad 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 53 It should be here somewhere!
  54. 54. Patendiuuringu läbiviimise etapid • Eesmärgi seadmine – mis infot on vaja? • Esmaste kriteeriumite määramine • Sobivate andmebaaside valik • Esmaste tulemuste läbitöötamine • Kriteeriumite ja päringute täpsustamine, täiendav uuring – Viited – Sarnased patendidokumendid – Patendivaidlused – ekspertide arvamused – omanike kontroll • Tulemuste analüüs – nõudluse analüüs – patendiperekonna, kehtivuste kontroll 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 54 NB! Ükski otsing ei anna 100% täpset ülevaadet
  55. 55. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 55 START references class + words in claims class + words in abstracts class + words in fulltext broader class + synonyms Uuringu etapid
  56. 56. Mis juhtub otsingut tehes? • tulemusi ei ole • tulemusi on liiga palju • tulemustega võib rahul olla, asjakohased tulemused 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 56
  57. 57. Kuidas, mida otsida? • Probleemi põhiselt (millistest teistes valdkondades/probleemide lahendamiseks on sarnast lahendust kasutatud) – tulemuseks erinevad lahendused samale probleemile. • Lahenduse põhiselt (kuidas teised on sama probleemi lahendanud) otsing – tulemuseks sarnased lahendused erinevatele probleemidele. • Kas kitsalt laiemaks või laiemalt kitsamaks? 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 57
  58. 58. Näide From 'The Sunken Yacht', © 1949 Walt Disney Corporation Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 58
  59. 59. Näide Claim 1 A method of lifting an object fully or partially submerged in a fluid, comprising the step of introducing buoyant bodies through an opening on the surface of the object into the interior of said object. Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 59
  60. 60. A method of lifting an object fully or partially submerged in a fluid, comprising the step of introducing buoyant bodies through an opening on the surface of the object into the interior of said object. Näide Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 60
  61. 61. Mis on lahenduse olulised tunnused ja sünonüümid? Tunnus 1 Tunnus 2 Tunnus 3 Tunnus 4 Alternative 1 Lifting Submerged object Buoyant bodies Into interior Alternative 2 ? ? ? ? Alternative 3 ? ? ? ? Alternative 4 ? ? ? ? Alternative 5 ? ? ? ? Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 61
  62. 62. http://thesaurus.reference.com/browse/Yacht Sünonüümide otsimine Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 62
  63. 63. F1 = Search concept 1 F2 = Search concept 2 F3 = Search concept 3 F4 = Search concept 4 Alternative 1 Lifting Submerged object Buoyant bodies Into interior Alternative 2 Raising Sunken yacht (Ping pong) balls Hose into inside Alternative 3 Sunken boat Alternative 4 Sunken ship Alternative 4 Sunken vessel OR AND Tunnuste ja sünonüümide tabel Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 63
  64. 64. (LIFTING OR RAISING) AND (SUNKEN-VESSEL OR SUNKEN-SHIP) AND (BUOYANT-BODIES OR BUOYANT-BALLS) AND (INTO OR INSIDE OR INTERIOR) Päringu koostamine Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 64
  65. 65. Mitterahuldavad tulemused X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Saadud tulemused Olulised dokumendid Ebaolulised dokumendid Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 65
  66. 66. Uuringu täpsustamine  Päringute muutmine – Vähem piiravam • Eemalda AND • Lisa OR – Rohkem piiravama • Lisa AND • Eemalda OR Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 66
  67. 67. Päringu kitsendamine (LIFTING OR RAISING) AND (SUNKEN-VESSEL OR SUNKEN-SHIP) AND (INTO OR INTERIOR OR INSIDE) Sunken vessel Sunken ship Sunken boat Sunken yacht Submerged object F2 = Search concept 2 Alternative 4 Alternative 3 Alternative 2 Hose into inside (Ping pong) balls Raising Alternative 1 Into interior Buoyant bodies Lifting Feature F4 = Search concept 4 F3 = Search concept 3 F1 = Search concept 1 OR AND Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 67
  68. 68. Rahuldav tulemus X X X X X X X X X X X X Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 68
  69. 69. Tulemused Näide on tehtud Euroopa Patendiameti http://www.epo.org/ õppematerjalide põhjal 69
  70. 70. Patendiinfo allikad, andmebaasid ja otsinguvahendid 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 70
  71. 71. Patendiinfoallikad • vaba juurdepääsuga interneti andmebaasid • tasulised interneti andmebaasid • patendiraamatukogud 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 71 Patendiuuringute pakkujad Eestis: Patendibürood, Intellektuaalomandi ja Tehnoloogiasiirde Keskus, Patendiamet Mujal maailmas: Patendiametid, Patendiuuringute firmad
  72. 72. Andmebaasi valik 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 72 • Mis infot patendiandmebaas sisaldab? • Kui tihti uuendatakse? • Millist päringute formaati kasutada? • Millised võimalused on lisaks päringute tegemisele? ‐ Päringute ajalugu ‐ Statistika/Analüütika ‐ Tsiteeringud ‐ Perekonnad, staatuse info ‐ Teavitused RSS või e-postiga ‐ Nõudluse puu (claim tree) ‐ Semantiline/sarnasuse otsing ‐ Otsisõnade esiletõstmine (highlighting) ‐ Automaattõlge ‐ Andmete eksport/import ‐ Tulemuste salvestamine, jagamine, märkmete tegemine ‐ Filtrid ‐ vm
  73. 73. Uued võimalused patendiuuringute tegemisel • concept based search tools (PatentInspiration) • similarity applications: ip.com, Google „find pior art“ button, citations (espacent, IPvision) • crowdsourcing (ask patents) • third party observations; crowdsourcing; team searching 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 73
  74. 74. Patendiinfo andmebaasid 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 74 • Searcher.io • PatSeer • PatentInspiration http://www.patentinspiration.com • Boliven http://www.boliven.com • The Lens http://lens.org/ • OpenPatentData http://www.openpatentdata.com/ * • World Patents Mapped http://w.pat.tc/
  75. 75. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 75
  76. 76. The Lens 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 76
  77. 77. The Lens 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 77
  78. 78. The Lens 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 78
  79. 79. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 79 Patendiuuring USPTO andmebaasis
  80. 80. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 80 Firefox: Aspator Chrome: Petapator Patendiuuring USPTO andmebaasis
  81. 81. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 81 Firefox: Aspator Chrome: Petapator Patendiuuring USPTO andmebaasis
  82. 82. Biotehnoloogia jt eluteadused 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 82 Patendiinfo allikad http://www.intellogist.com/wiki/Resource:Resource_Finder?technology=General+Biotechnology+
  83. 83. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 83 Biotehnoloogia jt eluteadused Patendiinfo allikad – patent maps, technology reports, etc • Patent searching best precice: Biotechnolgy • Patent information resources: Biotechnolgy • PCT applications: Traditional Medicine; Environmentally Technologies; Alternative Energy • WIPO Patent Landscape Reports: Public Health, Life Sciences, Food and Agriculture • WIPO Patent Landscape Reports: Vaccines for Selected Diseases; Atazanavir • PatentLens: Agriculture & Environment, Health and Medicine • Dolcera Life Siences landscape reports • DrugPatentWatch • UKIPO patent data reports: Stem Cells, etc • DNA patent database • CambridgeIP IP reports: Pharmaceutical Formulations; Medical Technology • Keemilised ühendid: SureChem, ChemSpider • Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical patent databases
  84. 84. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 84 Biotehnoloogia jt eluteadused Patendiinfo allikad – järjestuste otsing • SequenceBase: US patent sequence searching • TheLens: Biological Organims • European Molecular Biology Laboratory: Patent data resources at the EBI contain patent abstracts, patent chemical compounds, patent sequences and patent equivalents.
  85. 85. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 85 Biotehnoloogia jt eluteadused Patendiinfo allikad – järjestuste otsing: TheLens
  86. 86. Patenditõlked • http://iptranslator.com/ Translations between English, Chinese, Japanese, French, German, Korean, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian • Espacenet Patent Translate now covers translations between English and fourteen other languages, namely Chinese, Danish, Dutch, German, Finnish, French, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish. More languages will be added in the coming years. • PATENTSCOPE Specifically trained with bilingual corpuses of text from the patent field, taking account of the International Patent Classification (IPC) it allows users to translate the titles and abstracts of inventions from English to French, German, Japanese or Spanish and vice versa. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 86
  87. 87. 17.04.2013 Mikk Putk 87 Mikk Putk Soo 46, 10414 Tallinn mikk.putk@patent.ee +372 53 039 088 Skype: mikkputk Margus Sarap Kompanii 1C, 51004 Tartu margus.sarap@patent.ee tel 747 7058 Skype: bodsusms Sarap ja Partnerid Patendibüroo http://www.patent.ee patent@patent.ee Täname!

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