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Demography ppt

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Demography ppt

  1. 1. Demography RAKESH KUMAR PATIDAR M .Sc. Nursing NOOTAN COLLEGE OF NURSING VISNAGAR
  2. 2. Demography • Demography is the ”scientific study of human population in which includes study of changes in population size ,composition and its distribution”
  3. 3. .. • “Demo” means “the people” and “graphy” means “measurement”. • (Demos = population, Graphy = picture
  4. 4. Importance of Demographic data  Health status of a community depends upon the dynamic relationship between number of people, their composition& distribution  Planning of health services can be guided by demographic variables, for example: How many health units do we need? How to distribute them in the community in order to be accessible to the target population? What type of manpower is needed?
  5. 5. The elements of demography Size: increase or decrease Composition: sex and age group Distribution: territory
  6. 6. Source of demography •POPULATION CENSUSES •NATIONAL SAMPLE •SURVEYS REGISTRATION •VITAL EVENTS
  7. 7. Biggest source of data on  Demography  Economic Activity  Literacy & Education  Housing & Household  Urbanization  Fertility and Mortality  Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes  Language, Religion & Migration
  8. 8. DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSE • It deals with the five demographic processes • FERTILITY • MORTALITY • MARRIAGE • MIGRATION • SOCIAL MORBILITY
  9. 9. DEMOGRAPHIC CYCLE(STAGE) • High stationary (first stage ): this stage is characterized by a high birth rate and high death rate ,no any change in size and population .Indian was in this stage till 1920. • Early expending (second stage ): the death rate begins to decline (starts decreasing )and birth rate no change . initial increase in population
  10. 10. . • Late expanding (third stage): the birth rate begins to decline while the death rate still decreases . continue increase in population • Low stationary (fourth stage ) : This stage is characterized by a low birth rate & low death rate .stability in population . Declining (fifth stage ):in the declining stage birth rate is lower then the death rate .fall in population
  11. 11. METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION • Primary data collection :collection is done by the individual by using the methods such as : • Observation • Interviews • Questionnaires • Diaries
  12. 12. .. • Secondary data collection : • census • National survey • Registration of vital events • Demographic studies • Records
  13. 13. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA • Data is collection directly or indirectly from population . The data collected directed from individuals by face to face survey . • Data collected during census. • Data related to health from an individual. • Data related to illness from an individual.
  14. 14. . • The data which is collected from outside the source such as records . • Data taken from hospital records • Data taken from census • The data collected need to be arranged in table ,charts ,diagrams, graphs picture
  15. 15. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Series 1 Series 2 Series 3
  16. 16. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Series 1 Series 2 Series 3
  17. 17. 1 2 3 4 5
  18. 18. 58%23% 10% 9% Sales 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr
  19. 19. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Series 1 Series 2 Series 3
  20. 20. Census of India 2011 • In 1872 the first Census was held in India. • The Census of India 2011 will be the 15th Census and the 7th after Independence.
  21. 21. . • Census 2011 will mark a milestone as the National Population Register (NPR) will also be prepared • 1st Phase: HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS AND COLLECTION OF DATA ON NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER • April to September 2010
  22. 22. ; • 2nd Phase: POPULATION ENUMERATION 9h to 28th February 2011 • Help in better targeting of the benefits and services under the the Government schemes / programmes .Improve planning NPR – Utility Create a comprehensive identity database in the country
  23. 23. .2001 2011 States/UTs 35 35 Districts 593 640 Tehsils 5463 5767 Towns 5161 7742 Villages 593732 608786 Households 194 Million 240 Million Population 1.03 Billion 1.20 Billion
  24. 24. Census 2011 and Demographic Trends in Indian Population 1,21,01,93,422 Male : 62,37,24,248 Female :58,64,69,174 Decadal population growth 18,14,55,986 17.64% Density of population 382 Per sq .km Sex ratio 940 Females per 1000 males Population in the age group (0-6) 15,87,89,287 13.12% (of total population Literates 77,84,54,120 74.04% Male :82.14%
  25. 25. Items of Information: House listing and Housing Census • Information relating to Buildings- Use, Quantity and Quality • available to the Households • Assets possessed by the Households • Use of Houses, Drinking water, Availability and type of latrines, Electricity
  26. 26. Items of Information: NPR 1 Name of person 6 Sex 11 Present address of usual residence 2 Relationship to Head 7 Date of Birth 12 Duration of stay at present address 3 Father’s Name 8 Marital Status 13 Permanent Residential Address 4 Mother’s Name 9 Place of Birth 14 Occupation / Activity 5 Spouse’s Name 1 0 Nationality as Declared 15 Educational Qualification AbovedetailstobecollectedfromallUsualResidents Photograph, Finger Print and Iris (if approved) to be collected for Usual Residents aged 15 years and above

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