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Alexandrea Glenn 
Patrick Elliot 
Paul Bishop 
Jen Parkhurst-Skala
Image: Borders, 2014
The Library Company of Philadelphia was 
created by Benjamin Franklin and a group 
of peers. 
Image: 2014, 
Philadelphia L...
Franklin stated that the Library Company of Philadelphia 
was “The mother of all subscription libraries.” 
Image: Etters, ...
 The Darby Library is the oldest 
off-spring of the Library 
Company of Philadelphia. 
 On March 10, 1743 a group of 
Qu...
Forty Five volumes of books from Lawrence Williams 
 Original book from 
John Bartram personal 
collection that he 
donat...
 The Darby Library was a 
members-only library. The cost 
was $3.00 per year to belong. 
 If a volume was not returned 
...
Location Changes 
As the number of 
volumes 
increased the 
library moved to 
another house 
and then to the 
second floor...
 In 1872 a fire tore 
through the town 
prompting residents to 
find a safe home for the 
library. 
 In three months 
$8...
 In 1898 the library was offered a 1,000 book 
donation by Richard Cook but, the library had 
to become free and open to ...
 Darby Library improved its collections over the 
years and in 1939 expanded the juvenile collection. 
 1940 was proclai...
 Many improvements were made in the 1980’s 
including delivery of materials to patrons, day 
care centers, and school vis...
 A 2-mill tax referendum in 1990 was supported 
by the people of the Darby borough, which 
helped the library tremendousl...
 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania made a 30% cut to 
funding in 2009. Donations and investments were 
down, in part due to th...
Tax contributions (Library Fund) still make up the largest part of 
the library’s modest budget today. 
(S. Borders, perso...
 The Darby Free Library 
continues to operate on a 
modest budget of $80, 591 a 
year. 
 The institution has seen 
subst...
 Five part-time employees are not enough to 
keep the library operational. 
 To remedy this, the Darby Free Library 
coo...
 The program is called the Senior 
Community Service Employee 
Program. 
 It aims to give senior citizens seeking 
emplo...
 The library also gets help from local students. 
 Two college students work at the library 15 hours a 
week under a uni...
Image: Castaldi, 2014 
 Darby’s director, Susan Borders, says the library owes its 
continued survival partly to these ki...
The Darby’s website exemplifies the institution’s ability to operate 
under limited resources (http://www.darbylibrary.org...
 The library currently can only afford to host its 
site on a free web publishing platform. 
 While Darby deserves a mor...
 However, money issues 
arise from the qualifications 
Pennsylvania libraries must 
meet to receive state aid. 
 To qual...
 According to the director, Sue Borders, Darby 
cannot afford to follow these guidelines. 
Money must be freely allocated...
 Thanks to innovate staffing efforts, big cost-cutting 
measures and the support of the local 
community, things are star...
 Still, the library is always 
seeking grants to help it 
grow and be maintained. 
 The building was designed 
without e...
 The Darby Free Library 
has many programs 
that reach a range of 
different age groups 
from toddlers to 
senior citizen...
 For younger patrons, they offer story time for 
children and infants. 
 Children starting at the ages of newborn and ol...
 The library offers After School Fun, which is place 
kids can go and unwind after school. 
 They have also created a Le...
 For older patrons, there are several different 
programs throughout the year. 
 Many involve crafts for the adults. In ...
1600 
1400 
1200 
1000 
800 
600 
400 
200 
0 
(S. Borders, personal 
communication, October 22, 2014) 
Jan Feb Mar Apr Ma...
Image: [Untitled image of map of Darby], 2014
• Located in Delaware County Pennsylvania. 
• Six miles Southwest of downtown Philadelphia. 
• Area: 0.8 square miles. 
Im...
• 10,648 residents (2008-2012 American 
Community Survey 5-year Estimates). 
• 5,037 male. 
• 5,611 female. 
Image: [Untit...
• Under 5 years old: 872 
• 5 to 9 years: 989 
• 10 to 14 years: 898 
• 15 to 19: 1,038 
• 20 to 24: 932 
• 25 to 34: 1,33...
• African American: 8,488 
• White: 1,598 
• Hispanic or Latino: 408 
• Asian: 49 
• American Indian and Alaska Native: 9 ...
• Total housing units: 3,964 
• Occupied housing units: 3,282 
• Owner-occupied: 1,591 
• Average household size: 2.94 
• ...
• School Enrollment for population 3 years and over: 
3,704 
• Nursery school, preschool: 212 
• Kindergarten: 175 
• Elem...
• Population 16 and over: 7,692 
• In labor force: 4,877 
• Employed: 3,977 
• Unemployed: 900 
• Armed Forces: 0 
• Not i...
• Industry: 
• Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining: 0 
• Construction: 186 
• Manufacturing: 283 
• Who...
“I use the computer…if I need books, they help me find my books… I grew 
up here, to be honest…this is kind of like family...
[Untitled image of Darby Free Library], 2014 
 Darby Library has its challenges, but it is clear that this library is 
ne...
 Blass, E. (2009). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-02-01- 
libraries_N...
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Darby Free Library

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Darby Free Library

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Darby Free Library

  1. 1. Alexandrea Glenn Patrick Elliot Paul Bishop Jen Parkhurst-Skala
  2. 2. Image: Borders, 2014
  3. 3. The Library Company of Philadelphia was created by Benjamin Franklin and a group of peers. Image: 2014, Philadelphia Library
  4. 4. Franklin stated that the Library Company of Philadelphia was “The mother of all subscription libraries.” Image: Etters, 1835
  5. 5.  The Darby Library is the oldest off-spring of the Library Company of Philadelphia.  On March 10, 1743 a group of Quaker farms and merchants organized the Darby Library, one of America’s first public libraries.  The books were kept in the home of the first librarian, John Person. ( S. Borders, personal communication, Home of John Person, the first librarian ; October 22, 2014) the books were kept in this home. Image: Borders, 2014
  6. 6. Forty Five volumes of books from Lawrence Williams  Original book from John Bartram personal collection that he donated to the library in 1743 Image: Borders, 2014 in London were purchased.
  7. 7.  The Darby Library was a members-only library. The cost was $3.00 per year to belong.  If a volume was not returned borrowers were required to pay one and one-half times the value.  Fine ranged from 3 – 6 pence.  Meetings were held in member homes at “two o'clock in the afternoon.” 6 pence Image: Coins, 2014
  8. 8. Location Changes As the number of volumes increased the library moved to another house and then to the second floor of the Sipler’s Saddle Shop on Main Street. Second Location of the Darby Library Sipler’s Saddle Shop, third location. Image: Borders, 2014
  9. 9.  In 1872 a fire tore through the town prompting residents to find a safe home for the library.  In three months $8,895.54 was raised to build the Darby Library Hall, with an apartment for the librarian Image: Borders, 2014
  10. 10.  In 1898 the library was offered a 1,000 book donation by Richard Cook but, the library had to become free and open to the public.  At this request the library became free and open to the public.
  11. 11.  Darby Library improved its collections over the years and in 1939 expanded the juvenile collection.  1940 was proclaimed by Chester Times to have the most complete collection of publications about the history of the borough and Delaware County.  1941 collection passed 11,000 and services now included story time.  1942 library closes every Saturday during the winter months to conserve fuel.
  12. 12.  Many improvements were made in the 1980’s including delivery of materials to patrons, day care centers, and school visits.  Delaware County Library System was created; this combined twenty six individual libraries in Delaware County. The goal was to optimize library service to the citizens of Delaware County. This created an online catalog of over 1.4 million titles.
  13. 13.  A 2-mill tax referendum in 1990 was supported by the people of the Darby borough, which helped the library tremendously.  A 1996 referendum failed and the library began losing its financial security.  Hurricane Floyd hit the Borough of Darby in 1999 destroying many of the archives.
  14. 14.  Commonwealth of Pennsylvania made a 30% cut to funding in 2009. Donations and investments were down, in part due to the Great Recession.  At a board meeting the same year, it was announced that unless funding increased the library would stop providing service at the end of the year.  This announcement was heard throughout the US and donations arrived from all over the country.  However, it was the residents of Darby Borough that kept the library running by doubling their tax support.
  15. 15. Tax contributions (Library Fund) still make up the largest part of the library’s modest budget today. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  16. 16.  The Darby Free Library continues to operate on a modest budget of $80, 591 a year.  The institution has seen substantial cuts to staff in recent years, and currently employs only 5 part-time employees.  Even still, payroll makes up the largest strain on the budget, accounting for $60,500 annually. Image: Wirtz, 2014 (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  17. 17.  Five part-time employees are not enough to keep the library operational.  To remedy this, the Darby Free Library cooperates with a federal program and local universities to supplement its limited staffing.  Thanks to this, it receives additional staff without the need to pay them from its own budget. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  18. 18.  The program is called the Senior Community Service Employee Program.  It aims to give senior citizens seeking employment opportunities to earn income in their communities.  Thanks to the program, two senior citizens have been added to the Darby’s workforce, contributing 20 hours a week.  Their salary is paid not by the library, but by the federal government. Image: SCSEP Logo, 2014 (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  19. 19.  The library also gets help from local students.  Two college students work at the library 15 hours a week under a university program.  That brings the sum of hours worked by non-library staff at Darby to a total of 70 hours a week.  Without such help, the library would be faced with more cuts to staff or services. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  20. 20. Image: Castaldi, 2014  Darby’s director, Susan Borders, says the library owes its continued survival partly to these kinds of cost-cutting efforts. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  21. 21. The Darby’s website exemplifies the institution’s ability to operate under limited resources (http://www.darbylibrary.org/).
  22. 22.  The library currently can only afford to host its site on a free web publishing platform.  While Darby deserves a more professional, capable website, the money to create and maintain one simply is not there.  Instead, current funds must be used for essential library services and costs. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  23. 23.  However, money issues arise from the qualifications Pennsylvania libraries must meet to receive state aid.  To qualify, they are required to dedicate certain percentages of their budgets to specific services and departments. Image: Seal of Pennsylvania, 2014 (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  24. 24.  According to the director, Sue Borders, Darby cannot afford to follow these guidelines. Money must be freely allocated to the services that require more attention.  To remedy stringent budget limitations, the Darby writes letters advocating the state to waive or alter such limitations so the library can spend more money in the places it needs it most. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  25. 25.  Thanks to innovate staffing efforts, big cost-cutting measures and the support of the local community, things are starting to turn around.  The library has had to dip into its principle less and less in recent years, and as the stock market has recovered, the endowments that provide extra funding have grown healthier, too. (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  26. 26.  Still, the library is always seeking grants to help it grow and be maintained.  The building was designed without electricity, heat, or running water.  Many upgrades have happened and The Darby Library Company is still standing, still serving, and still growing. Image: [Untitled image of Darby Interior], 2014 (S. Borders, personal communications, October 2014)
  27. 27.  The Darby Free Library has many programs that reach a range of different age groups from toddlers to senior citizens. Image: Blass, 2009  There is a particular focus on programs for the youth. (A. Renzulli, personal communications, November 2014)
  28. 28.  For younger patrons, they offer story time for children and infants.  Children starting at the ages of newborn and older can participate.  They also offer the option for a librarian to visit your school or daycare if you can’t make it to the library. (A. Renzulli, personal communications, November 2014)
  29. 29.  The library offers After School Fun, which is place kids can go and unwind after school.  They have also created a Lego club for the patrons who like to be creative. Image: Logo Club, 2014  They have created many programs that cater to the younger patrons of library. (A. Renzulli, personal communications, November 2014)
  30. 30.  For older patrons, there are several different programs throughout the year.  Many involve crafts for the adults. In July, there was a sewing club.  With much of the community below the poverty line, many patrons make use of the library’s computers.  Help with resumes and job applications is provided throughout the week. They are in the process of beginning a job bank. (A. Renzulli, personal communications, November 2014)
  31. 31. 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 (S. Borders, personal communication, October 22, 2014) Jan Feb Mar Apr May June Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Number of Patrons Months Children Adults computer use
  32. 32. Image: [Untitled image of map of Darby], 2014
  33. 33. • Located in Delaware County Pennsylvania. • Six miles Southwest of downtown Philadelphia. • Area: 0.8 square miles. Image: Darby, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 2014
  34. 34. • 10,648 residents (2008-2012 American Community Survey 5-year Estimates). • 5,037 male. • 5,611 female. Image: [Untitled image of Darby Hat], 2014
  35. 35. • Under 5 years old: 872 • 5 to 9 years: 989 • 10 to 14 years: 898 • 15 to 19: 1,038 • 20 to 24: 932 • 25 to 34: 1,332 • 35 to 44: 1,382 • 45 to 54: 1,442 • 55 to 59: 399 • 60 to 64: 326 • 65 to 74: 533 • 75 to 84: 210 • 85 years and over: 295 Image: [Untitled image of Darby], 2014
  36. 36. • African American: 8,488 • White: 1,598 • Hispanic or Latino: 408 • Asian: 49 • American Indian and Alaska Native: 9 • Two or more races: 96 Image: [Untitled image of Upper Darby], 2014
  37. 37. • Total housing units: 3,964 • Occupied housing units: 3,282 • Owner-occupied: 1,591 • Average household size: 2.94 • Renter-occupied: 1,691 • Average household size: 3.25 • Vacant housing units: 682 • Vehicles available in occupied housing units: • No vehicle available: 1,096 • 1 vehicle available: 1,473 • 2 vehicles available: 566 • 3 or more vehicles available: 147
  38. 38. • School Enrollment for population 3 years and over: 3,704 • Nursery school, preschool: 212 • Kindergarten: 175 • Elementary school (grades 1-8): 1,511 • High school (grades 9-12): 961 • College or graduate school: 845 • Educational attainment for population 25 years and over: 5,919 • Less than 9th grade: 303 • 9th to 12th grade, no diploma: 539 • High school graduate and equivalency: 2,777 • Some college, no degree: 1,192 • Associate’s degree: 469 • Bachelor’s degree: 407 • Graduate or professional degree: 232
  39. 39. • Population 16 and over: 7,692 • In labor force: 4,877 • Employed: 3,977 • Unemployed: 900 • Armed Forces: 0 • Not in labor force: 2,815 • Household income and benefits: (3,282 households): • Less than $10,000: 294 • $10,000 to $14, 999: 317 • $15,000 to $24,999: 584 • $25,000 to $34,999: 493 • $35,000 to $49,999: 599 • $50,000 to $74,999: 613 • $75,000 to $99,999: 172 • $100,000 to $149,999: 162 • $150,000 to $199,999: 42 • $200,000 or more: 6 Median household income: $33,390 Mean household income: $41,742
  40. 40. • Industry: • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining: 0 • Construction: 186 • Manufacturing: 283 • Wholesale trade: 53 • Retail trade: 384 • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities: 402 • Information: 7 • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental leasing: 141 • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services: 138 • Educational services, and health care and social assistance: 1,687 • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services: 393 • Other services, except public administration: 223 • Public administration: 80
  41. 41. “I use the computer…if I need books, they help me find my books… I grew up here, to be honest…this is kind of like family. Hearing that it could be getting shut down. It really affects me and my son.” –Kiarra Powell (community member). “It would be a crime to lose this unique resource that’s not just unique to Darby…no other community in America has this library, the oldest in the nation.” –Jay McCalla (Darby library board president). “What happens if the facility shuts down? What happens to my daughter’s reading program?...the library is the only one in our community.”-Willie Doeleh (community member). “A lot of our residents don’t have computers and things like that…we are a very low-income borough.” –Mayor Helen Thomas.
  42. 42. [Untitled image of Darby Free Library], 2014  Darby Library has its challenges, but it is clear that this library is needed by the community.  Darby Library is a crucial part of the history of libraries in the United States and one that needs to be preserved.
  43. 43.  Blass, E. (2009). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-02-01- libraries_N.htm  Castaldi, J. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://www.mainlinetoday.com/Main-Line-Today/June- 2010/Printed-Matters/  Coins. (2014). Retrieved October 2, 2014 from: http://www.ngccoin.com/price-guide/world/us-colonial-america-massachusetts- 6-pence-km-9-1652-cuid-1092-duid-11607  Darby, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/80/Darby,_Delaware_County,_Pennsylvania.png/256px- Darby,_Delaware_County,_Pennsylvania.png  Darby Free Library. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://articles.philly.com/2014-09- 15/news/53908536_1_library-funding-library-computers-library-operating  Etter, D. (1835). Benjamin Franklin, Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://www.nps.gov/inde/forteachers/classrooms/benjamin-franklin-man-of-many-talents.htm  Lego Club. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://www.baraboopubliclibrary.org/sites/www.baraboopubliclibrary.org/files/images/events/lego-club.jpg  Philadelphia Library. (2014). Retrieved October 2, 2014. from: http://www.ushistory.org/franklin/philadelphia/library.htm  SCSEP Logo. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://vermontassociates.org/files/2012/06/SCSEPLogo.jpg  Seal of Pennsylvania. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seal_of_Pennsylvania#mediaviewer/File:Seal_of_Pennsylvania.svg  [Untitled image of Darby]. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://www.menupix.com/town_img/DarbyPAHP.jpg  [Untitled image of Darby Free Library]. (2014). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from http://suburbanphiladelphiarealestatenews.com/post/945206/darby-borough---potential-cracks-in-suburban-philadelphia- market  [Untitled image of Darby Hat]. 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014 from http://rlv.zcache.com/i_love_upper_darby_pa_hat-r8462dcbabb034cc0b72bae06430e9012_ v9wf1_8byvr_512.jpg  [Untitled image of map of Darby]. (2014). Retrieved November 2, 2014 http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/ genInfo.php?locIndex=14994  [Untitled image of Upper Darby]. 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Darby_Township,_Delaware_County,_Pennsylvania#mediaviewer/File:From-upper- darby-1.jpg  [Untitled image of Darby Interior]. 2014. Retrieved November 1, from http://www.philly.com/philly/gallery/20140914_Historic_Darby_Free_Library_struggling_to_keep_it_together. html?viewGallery=y  Wirtz, M. (2009). Retrieved November 1, 2014 from: http://www.philly.com/philly/gallery/20140914_Historic_Darby_Free_Library_struggling_to_keep_it_together. html?viewGallery=y

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