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  1. 1. MARANAO
  2. 2. The Maranao people also spelled Meranao, Maranaw (based on Marapatik) and Mëranaw, is the term used by the Philippine government to refer to the southern tribe who are the "people of the lake" (Ranao in the Iranaon language), They are known for their artwork, weaving, wood and metal crafts and epic literature, the Darangen.
  3. 3. The term Lanao is derived from the Maranao word “Ranao” meaning a body of water. “Maranao” means Lake Dweller. They are the natives of the place occupying the land around Lake Lanao, which is situated at the central part of Lanao del Sur. Lanao applied to the entire area before its division. When it was divided into two provinces, the southern portion became Lanao del Sur and the northern part became Lanao del Norte.
  4. 4. The Maranao tribe never established a single state but they are divided into many groups called “sultanates” which were in continual warfare with each other. Maranao villages are made up of a few main households: several families may live under one roof in a food- sharing relationship.
  5. 5. The Maranaos are superstitious. They believe in the hidden powers of the ANTING-ANTING amulets. These Items which they wear on their necks, arms or legs believed to bring them good luck.
  6. 6. Courting a Maranao lady could be difficult. A suitor should be the most hardworking and patient bachelor in town. A go-between who will mediate for the contracting parties of the groom needed. The parents of the groom contact the parents of the bride regarding the desire of their son marry. The woman's family announces the dowry. When all is settled, the wedding celebration takes place In fun and merriment.
  8. 8. Maranao is an Austronesian language spoken by the Maranao people in the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. This script is called Batang Arab (Arabic letters). Written Maranao literary texts are known as kirim.
  10. 10. Sarimanok, Papanoka "Mra" or "Mara patik" is a legendary bird of the Maranao that is a ubiquitous symbol of their art. It is depicted as a Hoodhud (Arabic) with colorful wings and feathered tail, holding a fish on its beak or talons. The head of Sarimanok is like the head of a Hoopoe (Balalatoc in maranaw) and is profusely decorated with scroll, leaf and spiral motifs. It is a symbol of good fortune.
  11. 11. OKIR In all these forms the Maranao are consistent in their motif which is the okir design. It refers to a whole repertoire of folk motifs which consisting of plant forms that figure prominently in their artwork from weaving to carving, to brass cast pieces. Its design serve as significant cultural symbols. many design are used as
  12. 12. MALONG The Maranaos are also known for their gold and purple malong. The malong has many uses depending on the need of the wearer. It can be used as a cape, coat, blanket or umbrella. Maranao or Maguindanao women wear the malong over a blouse called arbita. Also, they wear a turban called kombong made of muslin fabric.
  13. 13. Maranao women wear special kinds of clothes which are distinctly their own. The malong is one kind of dress material which can be used in many ways. Women wear it as skirt, a dress, a blouse or a gown. The rest of the family use it either as hammock, a fruit basket, a sleeping bag, a bathrobe, a baby carriage or a simple market bag.
  14. 14. If you will notice, the colors green, yellow, red, violet and blue dominated the Maranao arts.
  15. 15. METAL WORKS Maranao people of the Philippinens are noted for their skills in metalworks. Tugaya is a prosperous town located on the banks of beautiful Lake Lanao. The town is noted for its brass products. The people have been producing brassware as early as the fifteenth century. Their products consists of cauldrons, betel containers, vases, kris handle, kulintang, gong, mortar and saddle. The designs on
  17. 17. THREE TYPES OF MARANAO HOUSES: Lawig or small houses Mala – a – walai or large house The torogan, the ornately decorated ancestral residence of the datu and his extended family.
  18. 18. THREE TYPES OF MARANAO HOUSES: Lawigs vary in size from field huts, which are raised above ground on stilts with lean-to roofing and an outdoor cooking area. These structures are mainly used for sleeping. Usually occupied by a single family unit, the lawig is not normally adorned, except for an occasional wooden adornment that may embellish the window sill or door portal
  19. 19. THREE TYPES OF MARANAO HOUSES: Mala–a-walai is a single room and partitionless structure, is a house of a well-to-do family. Although architectural ornaments are present in the structure, the house does not have the panolong – an elaborately carved beam extension identified with the royal torogan. The okir decorations are generally to be found on the baseboards, windowsills and doorjambs.
  20. 20. THREE TYPES OF MARANAO HOUSES: The Torogan is the ancestral house of the upper- class Maranao in the Lanao Region of Mindanao. It is the dwelling place of the datu along with his wives and children. There could not be any house larger than torogan of the datu within the sultanate, for this signifies rank, prestige and wealth.
  21. 21. THREE TYPES OF MARANAO HOUSES: The windows of torogan are slits and richly framed in wood panels with okir designs located in front of the house. The communal kitchen is half a meter lower than the main house is both used for cooking and eating.
  23. 23. Kapagonor sa Kolintang Specifically played by a Lady whom is adept in chanting and meticulous thudding of Kolintang and has the discipline to lead an Ensemble of musicians, other who plays AGONG and the one on DUBAKAN to complete that distinct melody.
  24. 24. Kambayok Is chanting of poetic verses with a theme revolving in a festivity being celebrated, it can only be done by someone who is well versed to narrate historical origin and geneology. Kambayok highlights the contribution of remarkable people and the significance of historical events that has craft the Maranao culture to its best. This session is
  25. 25. Kapangobing Is the traditional means of expressing one’s love and adoration to someone, reciprocated or not it is the acceptable means of customary courtship in Maranao. It is perfomred through a Flute like instrument made of bamboo.
  26. 26. Kandarangen Is about the epic tale “Darangen” reliving the immortal life of Bantogen, his death and his resurrection comprised with politics highlighted with courtship, love and sacrifices, a valor in his finest, a depiction interpreted through singing and dance, stories and aesthetics
  29. 29. Kaganat sa Darangen Is the most aristocratic of the Maranao traditional dances, should be performed by someone who has the aptitude to move theatrical. Mere movement of fingers to switching of fans and graceful swaying of the hips all to deine the obstacle Prince Lomna encountered as he fought beast mountain when he proposed marriage on his fathers’ behalf in Guindolongan.
  30. 30. Kasagyan Is inspired from the epic Darangen. The enactment of hero Bantogen as he prepare himself for battle his enemis. All the movements of a warrior are illustrated in this particular combative dance, the holding of the Kampilan armored with shield. The intense yet graceful expression of the dance demonstrates discipline and gallantr, a display of suppressed emotion hungers for victory.
  31. 31. Kasayaw sa singkil Is a ritual performed by the princess, to show here agility as she becomes a woman confirming her aptness. Dancing singkil is hopping and stepping pattern with graceful hand and body movement, all to tell a story. It is danced with accompaniment of bamboo poles clicking and beatin, it recounts the fateful story of Princess Gandingan who was caught in the forest during an earthquake caused by the Diwatas. The crisscrossed clicking bamboo poles represents the vines and trees she gracefully eluded away from
  32. 32. Kapmalo-malong Is the maranao dance that illustrates different ways of wearing malong, a functional tubular skirt intricately weaved worn to special occasions. The dance highlights Malong’s colorful designs as it is elegantly worn by both men and women.
  34. 34. THANKS FOR WATCHING No copyrights proclaim for the photos