Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 Paradigm. The Shift for the New Forms of Lawmaking <br />WikiVote! 2011<br />1<br />VasiliyBurov, EvgenyPatarakin, Boris Yarmakhov<br />
WikiVote approach: It is not Social Media, it is Participation<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />2<br />
Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 framework<br />Development of social services has led to emergence of such phenomena as the Wisdom of crowds, Crowdsourcing, Wikinomics, Groundswell and Participatory culture. <br />Technological capabilities of the Internet provide the basis for the transition from the contemporary society of representative democracy to the Internet society of direct democracy, Democracy 2.0<br />All politically active and educated citizens have Internet access today. Therefore, all of them can directly, without mediation from parliaments, contribute to the lawmaking.<br />This creates the basis for the new practices of public expertise and law enhancement, which may be referred to as Lawmaking 2.0<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />3<br />
The Role of Public Support in a State<br />The need: Effective development of up-to-date state legislation<br />We offer: The use of the potential of the civic society for development of legislative and regulative documents by the government - Lawmaking 2.0<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />4<br />Why collaboration of government and society is important?<br />Support and advancement of the civic society and government collaboration channels is the basis for Lawmaking 2.0<br />
Leading Online Lawmaking Practices worldwide<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />Since 2004 the service https://www.osale.ee/, is supported in Estonia. Every citizen can comment on any law, discussed in the parliament and suggest his own initiative.<br />The service http://commentonthis.com allows to comment on any governmental documents (U.K.) broken into blocks for the easiness of commenting.<br />In 2005 the U.S. Federal Government launched a service allowing to traces the status of any federal regulations and make comment and suggestions - http://www.regulation.gov<br />Discussion of the draft Russian federal law on police (Aug, 7 2010) - http://zakonoproekt2010.ru/<br />Public expertise of a chapter of the law on education, supported by the department on state politics of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science started on June 1, 2010<br />http://edu.crowdexpert.ru/<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />5<br />
Similarity and Difference<br />6<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />Similarities and differences of online lawmaking practices LawCommenting and LawMaking<br />
Results<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />7<br />The result of discussion is ranking according to mass preferences set of comments from everybody who wanted to comment.<br />The result of lawmaking:<br /><ul><li>An improved version of the initial document
An expert community that can participate in future projects
Society loyalty, as the participants co-author the document and feel responsibility for their choices</li></li></ul><li>Lawmaking 2.0: Selection of participants<br />The expert participants are not just any crowd. They are knowledgeable people, motivated in their professional area.<br />Search and selection of such participants are fulfilled in professional communities among those who showed activity in the field.<br />This approach provides wide representation and gives broader outlook and complex approach to the issue.<br />Participation in a online expert community is a stimulus for qualified professionals who can later work in government and administration.<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />8<br />
How Lawmaking 2.0 Project is Implemented<br /><ul><li>A platform for discussion is created and the draft law is published.
A representative number of participants from different interested groups is invited.
The infrastructure for suggesting, commenting, discussing, editing and voting is offered.
Participants are motivated by career and recognition goals.
A new version of the document based on the suggestions is created.
The experts are rated based on their contribution. The “elite” of public experts is formed.</li></ul>WikiVote! 2011<br />9<br />
The generalized scheme of collaborative document drafting<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />10<br />
Ranking of blocks & Rating of users<br />Block Rank depends on the number of votes and rating of users who votes<br />User Rating depends on his creative activities and how his/her versions of blocks are evaluated by other users<br />Users with high ratingvotes with a lot of weight <br />WikiVote! 2011<br />12<br />
Cases of WikiVote Lawmaking<br />Chapter about general education in the preliminary draft of State Law of Education (Summer 2010, Federal Ministry of Education)<br />State law on recreational fisheries (July – Sep 2011, Russian Federal Government)<br />State law of Social Maintenance (Sep 2011 – in progress, Russian Federal Government)<br />State Law of Education (Aug 2011 – in progress, Federal Ministry of Education)<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />13<br />
State law on recreational fisheries<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />14<br />
Thank you for your attention!<br />WikiVote! Wiki solution for wicked problem<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />15<br />firstname.lastname@example.org<br />email@example.com<br />