Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 Paradigm. The Shift for the New Forms of Lawmaking <br />WikiVote! 2011<br />1<br />VasiliyBuro...
WikiVote approach: It is not  Social Media, it is Participation<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />2<br />
Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 framework<br />Development of social services has led to emergence of such phenomena as the Wis...
The Role of Public Support in a State<br />The need: Effective development of up-to-date state legislation<br />We offer: ...
Leading Online Lawmaking Practices worldwide<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />Since 2004 the service https://www.osa...
Similarity and Difference<br />6<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />Similarities and differences of online lawmaking practices LawCo...
Results<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />7<br />The result of  discussion is ranking according t...
An expert community that can participate in future projects
Society loyalty, as the participants co-author the document and feel responsibility for their choices</li></li></ul><li>La...
How Lawmaking 2.0 Project is Implemented<br /><ul><li>A platform for discussion is created and the draft law is published.
A representative number of participants from different interested groups is invited.
The infrastructure for suggesting, commenting, discussing, editing and voting is offered.
Participants are motivated by career and recognition goals.
A new version of the document based on the suggestions is created.
The experts are rated based on their contribution. The “elite” of public experts is formed.</li></ul>WikiVote! 2011<br />9...
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Icegov2011 2

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Presented on ICEGOV-2011 - http://www.icegov.org/
“crowdwriting” approach as its main purpose is the use of open network community potential for laws and regulations improvement.

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Icegov2011 2

  1. 1. Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 Paradigm. The Shift for the New Forms of Lawmaking <br />WikiVote! 2011<br />1<br />VasiliyBurov, EvgenyPatarakin, Boris Yarmakhov<br />
  2. 2. WikiVote approach: It is not Social Media, it is Participation<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Lawmaking in Democracy 2.0 framework<br />Development of social services has led to emergence of such phenomena as the Wisdom of crowds, Crowdsourcing, Wikinomics, Groundswell and Participatory culture. <br />Technological capabilities of the Internet provide the basis for the transition from the contemporary society of representative democracy to the Internet society of direct democracy, Democracy 2.0<br />All politically active and educated citizens have Internet access today. Therefore, all of them can directly, without mediation from parliaments, contribute to the lawmaking.<br />This creates the basis for the new practices of public expertise and law enhancement, which may be referred to as Lawmaking 2.0<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />3<br />
  4. 4. The Role of Public Support in a State<br />The need: Effective development of up-to-date state legislation<br />We offer: The use of the potential of the civic society for development of legislative and regulative documents by the government - Lawmaking 2.0<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />4<br />Why collaboration of government and society is important?<br />Support and advancement of the civic society and government collaboration channels is the basis for Lawmaking 2.0<br />
  5. 5. Leading Online Lawmaking Practices worldwide<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />Since 2004 the service https://www.osale.ee/, is supported in Estonia. Every citizen can comment on any law, discussed in the parliament and suggest his own initiative.<br />The service http://commentonthis.com allows to comment on any governmental documents (U.K.) broken into blocks for the easiness of commenting.<br />In 2005 the U.S. Federal Government launched a service allowing to traces the status of any federal regulations and make comment and suggestions - http://www.regulation.gov<br />Discussion of the draft Russian federal law on police (Aug, 7 2010) - http://zakonoproekt2010.ru/<br />Public expertise of a chapter of the law on education, supported by the department on state politics of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science started on June 1, 2010<br />http://edu.crowdexpert.ru/<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Similarity and Difference<br />6<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />Similarities and differences of online lawmaking practices LawCommenting and LawMaking<br />
  7. 7. Results<br />LawCommenting<br />LawMaking<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />7<br />The result of discussion is ranking according to mass preferences set of comments from everybody who wanted to comment.<br />The result of lawmaking:<br /><ul><li>An improved version of the initial document
  8. 8. An expert community that can participate in future projects
  9. 9. Society loyalty, as the participants co-author the document and feel responsibility for their choices</li></li></ul><li>Lawmaking 2.0: Selection of participants<br />The expert participants are not just any crowd. They are knowledgeable people, motivated in their professional area.<br />Search and selection of such participants are fulfilled in professional communities among those who showed activity in the field.<br />This approach provides wide representation and gives broader outlook and complex approach to the issue.<br />Participation in a online expert community is a stimulus for qualified professionals who can later work in government and administration.<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />8<br />
  10. 10. How Lawmaking 2.0 Project is Implemented<br /><ul><li>A platform for discussion is created and the draft law is published.
  11. 11. A representative number of participants from different interested groups is invited.
  12. 12. The infrastructure for suggesting, commenting, discussing, editing and voting is offered.
  13. 13. Participants are motivated by career and recognition goals.
  14. 14. A new version of the document based on the suggestions is created.
  15. 15. The experts are rated based on their contribution. The “elite” of public experts is formed.</li></ul>WikiVote! 2011<br />9<br />
  16. 16. The generalized scheme of collaborative document drafting<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />10<br />
  17. 17. Blocks evaluation: Crowdwriting scheme<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />11<br />
  18. 18. Ranking of blocks & Rating of users<br />Block Rank  depends on the number of votes and rating of users who votes<br />User Rating  depends on his creative activities and how his/her versions of blocks are evaluated by other users<br />Users with high ratingvotes with a lot of weight <br />WikiVote! 2011<br />12<br />
  19. 19. Cases of WikiVote Lawmaking<br />Chapter about general education in the preliminary draft of State Law of Education (Summer 2010, Federal Ministry of Education)<br />State law on recreational fisheries (July – Sep 2011, Russian Federal Government)<br />State law of Social Maintenance (Sep 2011 – in progress, Russian Federal Government)<br />State Law of Education (Aug 2011 – in progress, Federal Ministry of Education)<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />13<br />
  20. 20. State law on recreational fisheries<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />14<br />
  21. 21. Thank you for your attention!<br />WikiVote! Wiki solution for wicked problem<br />WikiVote! 2011<br />15<br />burov@wikivote.ru<br />patarakin@wikivote.ru<br />

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