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  1. 1. India Cries for help unheard!
  2. 2. Inclusive Growth – Urban Rural Divide <ul><li>India has the world's second largest population and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite increased wealth and a growing urban middle class, the vast majority of India's rural population remains illiterate and impoverished. </li></ul>
  3. 3. $ Population growth $ <ul><li>Benefits of growth and prosperity are not reaching the rural India. The majority of the rural population is dependent on agriculture for its livelihood. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The home of a wealthy person in India.
  5. 5. Essential Public Services for the Poor - Education & Health <ul><li>An educated and a healthy population is a requirement to maintain high growth rate of any economy. The majority of the population is UNEMPLOYABLE, because they are not suitably educated and lack required skills. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of the population is rural and dependent on agriculture. Education will provide for an alternate means of employment. But sadly education is a low priority in rural India due to the need for helping hands with daily chores of agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>India’s Public Health System is inefficient and has lost its credibility. It is in urgent need of restoration. The poor can not afford private healthcare. Subsidized Universal Health Insurance for poor should be accorded high priority. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Infrastructure / Transportation is Essential for Virtuous Growth Cycle <ul><li>India needs to do more to improve its rural infrastructure. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure has become a major constrain and is threatening to hinder the economic growth. The matter has acquired extreme urgency and calls for a substantial increase in the allocation of public resources for infrastructure sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation is a large and varied sector of the economy. Transferring goods range from people's heads (on which loads are balanced) and bicycle rickshaws to trucks and railroad cars . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The share of transportation investments in total public investment declined during the period from the early 1950s to the early 1980s; real public transportation investment also declined during much of that period because of the need for funds in the rest of the economy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indian methods of transportation <ul><li>Many roads were breaking up because of overuse and lack of maintenance; railroads required new track and rolling stock. Ports needed equipment and facilities, particularly for bulk and container cargo; and at many airports the national civil airlines needed supporting equipment, including provision for instrument landings. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Although there is a large private-sector involvement in transportation, government plays a large regulatory and developmental role. The central government has ministries to handle civil aviation, railroads, and surface transportation. Counterpart agencies are found at the state and union territory level. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Sectors <ul><li>Critical to improving the entire transportation sector in the late 1990s is the ability of the sector to adjust to the central government's national reform initiatives, including privatization, deregulation, and reduced subsidies. The sector must also adjust to foreign trade expansion, demographic pressures and increasing urbanization, technological change and obsolescence, energy availability, and environmental and public safety concerns. </li></ul>