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Comparison of warm season turfgrasses

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Comparison of warm season turfgrasses

  1. 1. Comparison of Turfgrasses <ul><li>Warm Season Varieties </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Dewey </li></ul><ul><li>Pasco County Extension </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Friendly Landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Program Coordinator </li></ul>
  2. 2. Zone Map Zone Map
  3. 3. lower 5 to 10 Spring & April-August 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 1-2 (raw seed) 2-3 (coated) 8-9-10-11-12 Zoysia 8 to 10 Spring & April-August 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 1/2 - 1 9-10 St. Augustine 3-6 Per. 7-10 Overseed Spring or Fall (Fall is Best) 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 1-10 2 to 8 +All for overseeding Ryegrass: Perennial All Zones(Seasonal) Fall 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 5-10 All zones Ryegrass: Annual 3 to 7 Spring or Fall (Fall is Best) 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 3-5 1-3-4-5-6-7-8 Fescue: Creeping Red 4 to 7 Spring or Fall (Fall is Best) 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 5-10 1-3-5-6-7-8 Fescue: Tall & KY-31 7 to 10 Spring / Summer 1/4&quot; 1/4 - 1 8-9-10 Centipede Coastal 8-10 Spring / Summer 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 4-5 9-10 Carpetgrass 2 to 6 Feb-May Sept - Nov 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 1-3 1-3-4-5-6-7-8 Bluegrass 3 to11 March - August 1/4&quot; 2-3 8-9-10-11-12 Bermuda 4 to 6 Spring or Fall (Fall is Best) 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 1/2-1 1 thru 9 & 11-12 Bentgrass Lower 9 to 10 Spring / Summer 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 5-10 9-10 Bahiagrass: Argentine 9 to 10 Spring / Summer 1/4&quot; to 1/2&quot; 5-10 9-10 Bahiagrass: Pensacola Best USDA* Zones When to Plant Planting Depth SEED RATE for Lawns @ 1000 sq. ft. MAP ZONE GRASS KIND
  4. 4. Mowing heights - Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass St. Augustine Rye Grasses Centipede Grass Zoysia Grass Bermuda Grass Improved Bermuda                 
  5. 5. Hot temperature effects - Grasses that can handle high temperatures. Zoysiagrass Improved Bermuda Bermudagrass St. Augustine Grass Argentine Bahiagrass Pensacola Bahiagrass Centipede Grass Ryegrasses                 
  6. 6. Cold temperature effects - Winter kill can result in grasses with low tolerance Ryegrass Zoysiagrass Bermudagrass Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Centipede Grass St. Augustine Grass                 
  7. 7. Drought Tolerance - Effects of lack of rain-fall or irrigation on grasses Bermudagrass Improved Bermuda Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Zoysia Grass Centipede Grass St. Augustine Grass Ryegrasses                 
  8. 8. Traffic & Wear tolerance - Wear and tear on grass from foot-traffic (people walking) Zoysia Grass Improved Bermuda Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Bermudagrass Ryegrass - Perennial St. Augustine Grass Centipede Grass                
  9. 9. Fertilizer rates - Low rates simply mean they require less fertilization to grow.   Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Zoysia Grass Centipede Grass St. Augustine Grass Ryegrasses Bermudagrass                 
  10. 10. Shade effects - sunlight that a lawn area (and grass plant) receives each day. St. Augustine Grass Ryegrasses Bentgrass Centipede Grass Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Zoysia Grass Bermudagrass                 
  11. 11. Establishment Time- how long it takes to establish a grass from sprigs or seed. Improved Bermuda Bermudagrass Ryegrasses Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass St. Augustine Grass Centipede Grass Zoysia Grass                 
  12. 12. Insect Resistance - Warm Season grasses only Zoysia Grass Pensacola Bahiagrass Bermudagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Centipede Grass St. Augustine Grass                 
  13. 13. Disease Resistance - Different grasses are affected by different diseases Ryegrasses Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Bermudagrass Centipede Grass Zoysia Grass St. Augustine Grass                 
  14. 14. Salt Water Tolerance - Some grasses are more suitable for planting near the sea coast or irrigated with reclaimed water. St. Augustine Grass Zoysiagrass Bermudagrass Centipede Grass Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass                 
  15. 15. Seeding Rates - Higher rates of seed (lbs. per sq.ft.) are needed for some grasses versus others. Zoysia Grass Centipede Grass Ryegrasses Bermudagrass Pensacola Bahiagrass Argentine Bahiagrass                 
  16. 16. Cost of Establishment - The dollars actually expended can vary considerably depending on the site preparation, cost of seeds etc.. Ryegrasses Pensacola Bahiagrass Bermudagrass Argentine Bahiagrass Centipede Grass Zoysia Grass St. Augustine Grass                 

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