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How to improve your teaching using emerging technology


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Published in: Education, Technology
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How to improve your teaching using emerging technology

  1. HiEverybody!
  2. June - December Jun – Aug: PT & PA Aug – Oct: MD Oct – Dec: DDS
  3. How to improve your teachingusing emerging technologyMike Pascoe, PhD@mpascoe#EdTechPMR
  4. What is the state of the lecture? “…students are being taught roughly the same way they were taught when the Wright brothers were tinkering at Kitty Hawk.”13 flickr ThursdayMorning
  5. Tethered to lecternReading from the screenInstructor talks 47/ 50 minutes50 slides / 50 minutes“Slides” bulleted with facts Geert Roels For Ghent University Library
  6. flickr kevan_cooke
  7. Transform your teaching with technology
  8. Is it worth transforming my course?Yes!15Outcomes are better in courses that adopt new teachingapproaches compared with traditional lectures15What new teaching approaches?1. Lecture capture2. Polling3. Social media4. Enhanced slides5. Understand millennial students6. Collaborative assignments7. Evaluations
  9. 1. Lecture CaptureInstructional guidance strategy#1 classroom technology requested by students.Students do not replay lectures they attended live (3.8%).Instead, students make an active choice whether or not toattend lectures ahead of time (factors?).Usually reinvest the time they gain missing lecture into otherstudies (e.g., study for other courses).3
  10. 1. Lecture CaptureInstructional guidance strategyMost students (88.5%) accelerate the playbackof recorded lectures (1.67X).Students felt that accelerated playbackallowed them to learn more, faster, be morefocused.However, live attendance was still thepredominant method for viewing lectures.3
  11. NOT IMPRESSED? @McKaylaMaroney
  12. 1b. ScreencastsInstructional guidance strategySupplement to lecturesAllow flexibility for students to view ontheir own time1, 7Desktop: record with Camtasia, orQuickTime > process in iMovie >upload to YouTube/vimeo > post towebsite/LMSiPad: number of apps
  14. 2. PollingFacilitation strategy• Audience response system (ARS)• Stop every 10-15 minutes to assess understanding, address problems on the spot• Can facilitate interactivity in large classes and promote active learning• Anonymity is great for shy students
  15. 2. PollingFacilitation strategy• Studies uniformly report students have positive attitudes toward ARS4, 9• What tech do our students have? Assume most have a laptop or smart phone but is there an ITS survey?• Do not poll for facts, use real-world clinical cases to give students practice, higher on Bloom‟s taxonomy, stories are more “sticky”
  17. 3. Social MediaGeneral communication strategy• Americans spend 23% of all internet time on social networks (gaming second 10%, email third 8%)• 50 million tweets about the #London2012 games• 5 million tweets about the #DNC2012• Twitter is best suited for communication• Facilitate communication with instructor• Backchannel for lecture• Keep conversation going after lecture
  19. 4. Enhanced slides• Embed video, stimulate discussion• Too much text a bad thing for lecture?• Simple icons from• Move out from behind the lectern (iPad?)• Do not include unrelated graphics, only ones that add info• High quality graphics from book publisher websites• Build-in lists• Do not dim the lights unless you are showing radiographs, use a white background
  20. High quality graphicsPublisher resourcesThieme Atlas ofAnatomyFigure D 5.12008-2010
  21. How to add a video to PPTLink option1. Visit YouTube, Most Viewed, This Week, Sci & Tech: Take a screenshot of the video3. Paste screenshot on your slide4. Copy video URL from YouTube5. Add hyperlink to the screenshot directed to URL6. Click on the screenshot during your lecture to open URL on host computer browserAssumes you will have WiFi connectivity in lecture hall
  22. How to add a video to PPTEmbed option1. Download and install MPEG Stream Clip 1.9.3b8 beta2. Visit YouTube, Most Viewed, This Week, Sci & Tech: Copy video URL from YouTube4. File > Open URL5. Paste URL, select Open, select MP4, click Open6. Define In and Out times7. File > Export to M-PEG4, chose save location8. In PPT, Insert > Movie > Movie from FileAssumes you keep movie in same location on HD
  23. 5. Understand millennial studentsKnow your audienceBorn between 1981-2001Typically described as: active learners working well in small groups preferring to learn via tech (digital natives) valuing peer opinions expecting customizationBut, it is a disservice to globally define any cohort ofstudents with a single set of character traits4
  24. 6. Collaborative authoringPerformance feedback strategy• Use a Wiki• Students will work in teams in the real world• Collaborative development of content by anyone• Cross-linking within the Wiki• Multimedia (images, videos, interactive)• Tool for collaborative authoring• Facilitates lifelong learning• Track user contributions• Instructor can periodically give feedback14
  25. 7. Evaluations• Evaluations can be distributed electronically using Dropbox• Use a Google Doc Form• Let the data come to you already packaged and ready for analysis• Email to students or embed in a website• Students take online surveys all the time!• Story on NPR• What did they find most difficult, what was most interesting from today‟s lecture
  28. Tech in the classroomA double-edged sword• Laptops can be a distraction• You cannot multitask!• “Multitasking is a myth” JJ Cohen• Most can type faster than they can write by hand• Give your students the data showing how detrimental distractions can be during a lecture8
  29. Concluding remarksThere are problems/challenges: 1. Takes time up front to develop 2. Auditorium seating might not lend itself 3. Requires letting go of „transmissionist‟ view 4. Students need to be reminded of your approach (buy-in)• Great news is that even small incremental changes lead to significant gains in student learning10• But you should start small and assess impact• Do not try the shotgun approach!• It‟s not what we teach, it is how we teach!• Make sure the tech you use meets a need, not b/c it‟s cool
  30. Additional ResourcesOn the web…MERLOT – linkMedEdPORTAL – linkEDUCAUSE – linkCU Faculty Learning Committee – linkCU Online; Spring Symposium – linkGoogle me: “Mike Pascoe” – linkDelicious bookmarks tagged “education” – link
  31. References1. Jaffar, A. A. (2012). YouTube: An emerging tool in anatomy 8. Fried, C. B. (2008). In-class laptop use and its effects on student education. Anatomical Sciences Education, n/a–n/a. learning. Computers & Education, 50(3), 906–914. doi:10.1002/ase.1268 doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2006.09.0062. Bartsch, R., & Cobern, K. (2003). Effectiveness of 9. Hoyt, A., Mcnulty, J. A., Gruener, G., Chandrasekhar, A., PowerPoint presentations in lectures. Computers & Espiritu, B., Ensminger, D., Price, R., et al. (2010). An Education, 41(1), 77–86. doi:10.1016/S0360- audience response system may influence student 1315(03)00027-7 performance on anatomy examination questions. Anatomical Sciences Education. doi:10.1002/ase.1843. Cardall, S., Krupat, E., & Ulrich, M. (2008). Live lecture 10. Junco, R., Heiberger, G., & Loken, E. (2010). The effect of versus video-recorded lecture: are students voting with their Twitter on college student engagement and grades. Journal feet? Academic medicine : journal of the Association of of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(2), 119–132. American Medical Colleges, 83(12), 1174–1178. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2010.00387.x doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e31818c6902 11. Knight JK, Wood WB. 2005. Teaching more by lecturing4. Deslauriers, L., Schelew, E., & Wieman, C. (2011). Improved less. Cell Biol. Educ. 4:298–310 learning in a large-enrollment physics class. Science (New 12. Moellenberg, K. K., & Aldridge, M. (2010). Sliding away from York, NY), 332(6031), 862–864. PowerPoint: the interactive lecture. Nurse educator, 35(6), doi:10.1126/science.1201783 268–272. doi:10.1097/NNE.0b013e3181f7f2f75. DiLullo, C., & McGee, P. (n.d.). Demystifying the Millennial 13. Prober, C. G., & Heath, C. (2012). Lecture halls without student: A reassessment in measures of character and lectures--a proposal for medical education. The New engagement in professional education. Anatomical Sciences England journal of medicine, 366(18), 1657–1659. Education. doi:10.1056/NEJMp1202451 14. Skiba, D. J. (2005). Do your students wiki? Nursing6. Dyer, O. (2012). Patient who received liver after social media education perspectives, 26(2), 120–121. campaign reports success. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 344(may18 2), e3538–e3538. doi:10.1136/bmj.e3538 15. Wood, W. B. (2009). Innovations in teaching undergraduate biology and why we need them. Annual review of cell and7. Evans, D. J. R. (2011). Using embryology screencasts: a developmental biology, 25, 93–112. useful addition to the student learning experience? doi:10.1146/annurev.cellbio.24.110707.175306 Anatomical Sciences Education, 4(2), 57–63. doi:10.1002/ase.209
  32. iPad[3]Released March 16, 20123M sold in three days Apple, Inc
  33. Activities • Lecture slides • Data collection/analysis • Video / Music • Back channel monitoring • Polling: • Mapping • Find a reference • Drawing • Interact with other iPads • 3D modeling • Live Google Doc editing: • Camera • Facetime / Skype