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Austrian Open Government Strategy

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Peter Parycek, Judith Schossböck: The Austrian Open Government Strategy - Chances and Risks in the Context of Intercultural Perspectives

Mapping Cultures of Public Trust: Open Government and Open Society in Northern Europe and the European Union. Helsinki, 3.6.2010

Published in: Technology, Education

Austrian Open Government Strategy

  1. 1. Peter Parycek, Judith Schossböck: The Austrian Open Government Strategy Chances and Risks in the Context of Intercultural Perspectives Mapping Cultures of Public Trust: Open Government and Open Society in Northern Europe and the European Union. Helsinki, 3.6.2010
  2. 2. Centre for E-Government / Danube University Krems <ul><li>Our general research fields: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Democracy, E-Government, Open Government, Open Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>interdisciplinary and practical oriented research approach </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current trends: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Democracy & E-Government is merging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open “X” Movements are accelerating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Government & Open Data is discussed at the governance level </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Open Government & Open Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Principles of Open Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros, Barriers and Cons of Open Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of Information Cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Austria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Legal Framework (Austria and EU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Towards a Culture of Openness in Austria: Top Down and Bottom Up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outlook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prospects </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>„ We shall destroy everyone </li></ul><ul><li>who keeps the information.“ </li></ul><ul><li>(Decoder, 1984) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Open Government & Open Data
  6. 6. 07/06/10 <ul><ul><li>Open Government Memorandum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul></ul>OPEN GOV
  7. 7. 07/06/10 freely available data & information openness  transparency  trust Innovation
  8. 8. <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>47 web, iPhone, & facebook apps </li></ul><ul><li>$2,600,000+ est. Value </li></ul><ul><li>$50,000 in cost </li></ul><ul><li>+5000% ROI </li></ul>
  9. 9. 07/06/10 <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data as basis for innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society analyses and creates applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency = democratisation (increasing trust) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal aspects, e.g. data protection, copyright, .. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information culture, mistrust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss/shift of power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveillance society (transparent people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretation mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manipulation, Data corruption </li></ul></ul>Open Data: Pros, Barriers and Cons
  10. 10. Change of Information Cultures <ul><li>Information culture closely tied to government style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom of information promotes a culture of transparency & openness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mayer-Schönberger and Lazer: iGovernment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in information hierarchy as preconditions of openness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>less controlled by companies and administration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information overload and capabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to access data is not well known – only an information elite knows how to access it </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Austria
  12. 12. „ MA 2412“ Sitcom: 1998 – 2002  <ul><li>Customers are only allowed to knock on the door at random times </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely long waiting hours and endless runs </li></ul><ul><li>Unfriendliness </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody feels responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Giving information is not an obligation to provide </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of resistance </li></ul>
  13. 13. Information Culture in Austria <ul><li>The Information Culture in Austria: a culture of mistrust? </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks blocked in many companies </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions to cultures of openness: show(wo)manship, poser… </li></ul><ul><li>Jeff Jarvis: The German Privacy Paradox: Privacy vs. publicness </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Legal Framework: Freedom of and Right to Information <ul><li>Cultures reflected in and coined by the legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of information law = „ Auskunftsrecht “ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to ask for information, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but no obligation to proactive publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and catalogue of exceptions (“ Amtsverschwiegenheit” ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information is publicly access able, but not as raw data (e.g. Help.gv.at) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Towards a Culture of Openness in Austria: Official Guidelines (Top Down) <ul><li>At the moment no Austrian Open Government Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Platform „Digital Austria“: Visions for 2020: transparency, raw data and mashups included </li></ul><ul><li>“ Competence Centre Internet Society“ (KoZIG) : further Open Government Data concepts to come </li></ul><ul><li>E-Government Strategy of the Federal Chancellery: Transparency and active data protection until 2011 </li></ul>
  16. 16. ISPRAT – picture of tweets #isprat <ul><li>anked jabkowski, head of fed. datacentre: govt. will change dramatically, become more open and transparent. #isprat #gov20 </li></ul><ul><li>anked .@tlangkabel: govts can chose: be driver or be driven by #gov20 movement? underground will open govt if govt isnt doing it self. #isprat </li></ul><ul><li>parycek @anked @philippmueller with pladoyer for open value chains in public sector. involve the crowd! #isprat #gov20 =>agree but longa way to go </li></ul><ul><li>anked Popp, austrian FinMin on eParticipation use „we have it, but its mostly useless, little used, no acceptance“ #isprat #gov20 about 6 hours ago via moTweets </li></ul><ul><li>i asked Popp: is data.gov.at coming? answer: „yes, we discuss how 2 do it. its on our agenda + important“. #isprat #ogov #gov20 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Towards a Culture of Openness in Austria: Open Data Initiatives (Bottom up) <ul><li>http:// gov.opendata.at /site/ : Interest groups in Austria try to convey the importance of open data. </li></ul><ul><li>Open Government Data Initiative. Role Model: Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network (CKAN) by the Open Knowledge Foundation (UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of data: www.offenedaten.de (open data): catalogue for data to better find, access and use it </li></ul>
  18. 18. „ High Potential Data“ <ul><li>Open Government Data Meeting in Mai 2010: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geo, public promotions and sponsorship, infrastructure, environment, security and health data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biggest potential: data on infrastructure and environment </li></ul><ul><li>Publication of financial data will take more </li></ul>
  19. 19. Outlook
  20. 20. Prospects <ul><li>Enable citizens on the basis of authorised and broad information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency and participation as motivating factors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrate the knowledge of citizens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of values, self-organisation increases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include society knowledge into policy making and administrative process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create public awareness for Open Government Data </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance ethical discourse and define limits of Open Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e. g. criminal records  Ethical Governance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Top down approach: Creative Commons licence </li></ul>
  21. 21. Open Access <ul><li>Open access publishing and transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Open research process: from peer review to publication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing efficiency of the scientific process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating career models and university policies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness as the default </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>build up central based repositories </li></ul><ul><li>motivate to publishe in OA journals, </li></ul><ul><li>open access to the raw data of surveys and research </li></ul><ul><li>promote collaboration between universities </li></ul><ul><li>try to break up the silos </li></ul><ul><li>include society into science </li></ul>Policy change
  23. 24. Contact <ul><li>Peter Parycek </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Judith Schossböck </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: Digital Government </li></ul><ul><li>http://digitalgovernment.wordpress.com / </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.twitter.com/e_society </li></ul><ul><li>Danube University Krems Dr.-Karl-Dorrek-Straße 30 A-3500 Krems </li></ul>

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