Austrian E Democracy Strategy


Published on

1st International Conference on eParticipation – ePart 2009
- Austrian e-democracy strategy
- Youth2Help
- MyParliament
- Outlook

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Starting position … eDemocracy & eParticipation are central topics for the future Strategy serves as a starting point for projects and further guidelines.
  • The 4 e-participation phases (based on a model developed by Piswanger, 2004) in the project were: 1. Information and communication; 2. Analysis; 3. Validation; 4. Publication. These 4 phases provided the participants with a schedule and an outline of what they are required to do, and, at the same time, ensured the transparency of the project. The project was the first e-participation project to add the fourth phase, publicising the results and making them available to political actors (all results are still available on the website
  • "MeinParlament" Austria This independent project is provided by the NonProfit Organisation "Politik Transparent", and supported by the Austrian Parliament S chirmherrschaft of the 3 Presidents of the Federal Assembly enabled by a cooperation with its German partner-site and 10 Austrian media. The site was launched (on the 22th of August 2008) during this parliamentary election campaign. In one month, till the polling day - the day before yesterday - about 2.500 user-questions reached the candidates. This project allows the citizens to: view and compare the (political) programs of 7 different parties, find (more than 2.000) profiles of candidates (also for their own constituency) ask questions, that are usually answered within a week, read all the collected answers - (which are) clearly arranged and searchable by party, regional and local constituency Also the politicians' work is faciliated, because they can give clearly laid-out answers refer to their prior answers (in case of multiple similar questions) (After the Election,) From this October on, users will also be able to: ask the (183) Members of Parliament view collected, relevant information about these persons check their track record - including work in the committees, speeches and voting in Plenum deal directly with the persons (who are) responsible/ answerable for specific matters , cause the MPs (and members of a committee) are also searchable by themes, Track the (important/decisive) committees' work
  • We are still in broadcasting mode …
  • Compare: O`Reilly
  • Austrian E Democracy Strategy

    1. 1. Danube-University Krems Peter Parycek eParticipation & eDemocracy in Austria: Projects and Tenets for an eDemocracy Strategy
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Terms & Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian eDemocracy strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Future of … </li></ul><ul><li>Austrian e-democracy strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Youth2Help </li></ul><ul><li>MyParliament </li></ul><ul><li>Outlook </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Austrian e-democracy strategy </li></ul>
    4. 4. Austrian eGovernment Cooperation Federal Government Platform Digital Austria Local and National Governments as well as Business Representatives Federal ICT Board BLSG Board Federal Ministries, Provinces, Municipalities, Chamber Organisations Federal Ministries … WG: Infrastructure & Interoperability WG: Law & Security PG: eDemocracy
    5. 5. Austrian e-democracy strategy Building Blocks & Roadmap 1. eDemocracy Strategy 2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools 3. eParticipation Prototype Processes 4. eParticipation Modules
    6. 6. 1. eDemocracy Strategy – Main objective Strengthening and enhancement of democracy by incorporation of citizens and their knowledge to improve processes and results in politics, administration and society through the use of interactive media
    7. 7. 1. eDemocracy Strategy - Aims <ul><ul><li>Increase transparency & traceability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve eParticipation & communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More efficient participation projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop new cooperation models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote social networks </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Overview of instruments & projects & tools </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to CAHDE Tool Box (Council of Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>Structured: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top Down (Politics, administration, legislation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom Up </li></ul></ul>2. eDemocracy & eParticipation Tools
    9. 9. <ul><li>Guide lines for eParticipation processes </li></ul><ul><li>First prototype process design till 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Processes for different sectors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eServices & ePolitics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of a prototype eParticipation tool (2010) </li></ul>3. eParticipation Prototype Processes
    10. 10. <ul><li>e.g.: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>registration, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identification, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>privacy, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chats, forums, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>voting, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information will be published via WIKI for the administration. </li></ul>4. eParticipation Modules
    11. 11. 2. Youth 2 Help top down
    12. 12. Participation & Collaboration in Administration (Jugend2Help) top down <ul><li>Austrian youth-participation-project </li></ul><ul><li>young users were asked to decide on the content and features of &quot;their&quot; HELP-space themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>~900 contributions </li></ul><ul><li>~2000 votes </li></ul>
    13. 13. Procedure - Processes Entry Phase 1 “ Discussion or Comments” Online Phase 3 “ Rating” Online Phase 2 “ Elaboration” Online or Offline Export data Import data Administration Administration Phase 4 Results Publication
    14. 14. Lessons Learned <ul><li>Web accessibility is precondition </li></ul><ul><li>Moderation is essential </li></ul><ul><li>PR is one of the most crucial success factors </li></ul><ul><li>PR with social media – like facebook, myspace – especially for younger target groups </li></ul><ul><li>Context of eParticipation processes </li></ul><ul><li>Schools are still most trusted institutions </li></ul>
    15. 15. 3. MyParliament bottom up
    16. 16. Participation & Collaboration in Policy-Making bottom up
    17. 17. Start: <ul><li>Online 22nd of August 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Media-Cooperation with 8 Austrian Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>2700 Questions until Election Day Sept. 28 </li></ul><ul><li>Patronage: all three Presidents of the Austrian Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships with </li></ul>
    18. 18. (Campaign Period) <ul><li>Voters can put questions to all candidates, </li></ul><ul><li>Access election programmes of all parties, </li></ul><ul><li>Access profiles of politicians online. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates can answer questions and refer to other answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Voters see what questions have already been asked. </li></ul>
    19. 19. (Legislative Period) <ul><li>MPs can be asked in public </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens can access profiles of politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens can observe the work of parliamentary committees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfiltered, direct access to texts from the parliamentary editorial department (e.g. committees, parliamentary sessions and sittings) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Structured: regionally, thematically and by parties </li></ul>
    20. 20. Users background
    21. 21. unique visits & questions unique visits / day questions / month
    22. 22. Documentation of MP‘s work
    23. 23. MP‘s profile
    24. 24. MP‘s profile
    25. 25. Moderation system
    26. 26. Service for journalists
    27. 27. 4. Outlook
    28. 28. First media revolution Second media revolution Third media revolution Fourth media revolution One 2 Many „ One 2 Many“ One 2 Many One 2 One Fifth media revolution Digitization Convergence Many 2 Many
    29. 29. Enhancing Tendencies of Progress … <ul><li>enhanced Usability </li></ul><ul><li>growing Usage and Spread of Internet </li></ul><ul><li>new Generation </li></ul>
    30. 30. Changed User Behaviour <ul><li>Users compile Content together, </li></ul><ul><li>share their Ideas, </li></ul><ul><li>create networks on E-Platforms and </li></ul><ul><li>organise themselves quick and simple. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Communication is changing …
    32. 32. One 2 Many
    33. 33. Many 2 Many
    34. 34. New organization models & Power is shifting
    35. 35. Hierarchy vs. Network
    36. 36. vs
    37. 37. vs
    38. 38. BLOGs vs
    39. 39. vs
    40. 40. vs
    41. 41. vs
    42. 42. vs
    43. 43. vs vs
    44. 44. HOW?
    45. 45. Government as a plattform <ul><li>„ We, the people, are the government“ </li></ul>
    46. 46. Open Innovation Principles <ul><li>O pen = default (access, standards, …) </li></ul><ul><li>D esign for cooperation = always simple </li></ul><ul><li>L earn from your users & hackers </li></ul><ul><li>S timulate experimentation & partnership </li></ul>
    47. 47. Open Innovation Tools (Obama Admin.)
    48. 48. Dr. Peter Parycek, MSc Centre for eGovernment, Danube-University Krems [email_address] +43 2732 893-2312 Thanks for your attention!
    49. 49. References: <ul><li>Books & Articles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More, Chris Anderson, Harper Collins, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikinomics, Don Tapscott, D. Williams, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make A Big Difference, Malcolm Gladwell, Little, Brown, 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked: The New Science of Networks, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi, 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yochai Benkler, 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations, Clay Shirky, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which Kind of Collaboration Is Right for You? by Gary P. Pisano, Roberto Verganti, HBR 12/08 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swarm Creativity: Competitive Advantage Through Collaborative Innovation Networks, Peter A. Gloor, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowdsourcing: Why the Power of the Crowd Is Driving the Future of Business, Jeff Howe, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom, How Online Social Networking Will Transform Your Life, Work and World, Matthew Fraser, Soumitra Dutta, 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blogs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dion Hinchcliffe‘s Web 2.0 Blog: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longtail Blog: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikinomics Blog: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> / </li></ul></ul>