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Sci Tech Quiz 2013 - Finals


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Quiz on science and technology

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Sci Tech Quiz 2013 - Finals

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. 2  Brace yourselves …..
  3. 3. 1. Identify X, Y 3  In 1504, __X__ was stranded in north coast of Jamaica, due to worm-eaten leaking ship. The native inhabitants were no longer awed by the newcomers. Annoyed by their voracious appetites and angry at the depredations of crew members, who had plundered several villages, the population was hostile and would no longer supply food.  __X__ came up with a clever plan and warned the islanders that his god was upset with their refusal of food and that the moon would “rise inflamed with wrath” as an expression of divine displeasure. He successfully intimidated the natives by correctly predicting a __Y__, using the Ephemeris of the German astronomer Regiomontanus.  On the appointed night, the moon darkened and turned red, and the terrified islanders offered provisions and beseeched __X__ to ask his god for mercy.
  4. 4. 1504 Lunar Eclipse Incident  X - Christopher Columbus  Y - Lunar Eclipse 4
  5. 5. 2. Identify X and Y  The following pic is a cover from the comic : “The five fists of science”. Identify the Middle( X ) and the Right ( Y ) antagonists .  The Protagonists in the comic include Thomas Edison, J P Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and Guglielmo Marconi.  In middle age, X became a close friend of Y. They spent a lot of time together in his lab and elsewhere. Y notably described his induction motor invention as "the most valuable patent since the telephone". 5
  6. 6. Nikola Tesla and Mark Twain 6
  7. 7. 3. Identify the Organisation ?  ________ is a military operation run jointly by the United States and Canada. Originally headquartered in a massive complex built within a hollowed-out mountain near Colorado Springs, their goal is to monitor all possible approaches to the United States via air and space for potential attacks. Created at the height of Cold War paranoia, it’s a technological wonder that has been forced to adapt continually to new threats.  Aerospace warning includes the detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America whether by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, through mutual support arrangements with other commands.  Their motto is "Deter, Detect, Defend."  Cheyenne Mountain (Alternate Command Center ) is a setting of the 1983 film WarGames 7
  8. 8. NORAD The North American Aerospace Defence Command 8
  9. 9. 4. Identify the book X ? 9  Signature is a software that provides various statistical tests on linguistics. It can look at things like the length of the words, the length of the sentences, the lengths of the paragraphs, the patterns of punctuation, and it can search for words that are either particularly frequent, or words that are distinctive of authors.  Aware of the existence of computer software capable of analyzing a text style and use of words, the Sunday times contacted its creator, Professor Peter Millican of Oxford University.  Tests were conducted on the book X which created a lot of hullabaloo. Pic on next slide
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Cuckoo’s Calling  The Software Predicted That “Cuckoo’s Calling” was in fact written by JK Rowling under the pseudo name Robert Galbraith. 11
  12. 12. 5. Identify the photography technique ?  Video 12
  13. 13. Time-lapse  Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence. When played at normal speed, time appears to be moving faster and thus lapsing. 13
  14. 14. 6.  Lateral epicondylitis is a condition where the outer part of certain part of the body becomes sore and tender. Since the pathogenesis of this condition is still unknown, there is no single agreed name. While the common name “X" suggests a strong link to racquet sports, this condition can also be caused by sports such as swimming and climbing, the work of manual workers and waiters, playing guitar and similar instruments, as well as activities of daily living.  The acute pain that a person might feel occurs when they fully extend their arm. 14
  15. 15. Tennis Elbow 15
  16. 16. 7. Identify the book X and movie Y 16  Homer Hickam is an American author, Vietnam veteran, and a former NASA engineer. His autobiographical novel X : A Memoir, was a No. 1 New York Times Best Seller, is studied in many American and international school systems, and was the basis for the film Y.  He graduated from Big Creek High School in 1960. There, he and a group of boys who built rockets. They called themselves the Big Creek Missile Agency (BCMA). After working on finding the perfect way to build rockets, they took their designs to the 1960 National Science Fair, where the BCMA won a gold and silver medal in the area of propulsion.
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. 8. In memory of the telegraph  The shortest telegram in the English language is attributed to Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde was living in Paris and he cabled his publisher in Britain to see how his new book was doing. Telegraph offices usually charge on word count and hence What did Oscar Wilde sent and what did the publisher reply ? 18
  19. 19. 19   Oscar Wilde : ? Publisher ! :
  20. 20. 9. Identify X Y 20  Copenhagen is a play by Michael Frayn, based around an event that occurred in Copenhagen in 1941, a meeting between the physicists X and Y. It premiered in London in 1998 at the National Theatre, running for more than 300 performances.  X and Y presented the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. During the Second World War, X worked for Germany, researching atomic technology and heading their nuclear reactor program. After the war, his involvement with the Nazis earned him certain notoriety in the world of physicists, mainly due to the fact that he could have given Hitler the means to produce and use nuclear arms.
  21. 21. Daniel Craig- X Stephen Rea - Y 21
  22. 22. 22  X – Werner Heisenberg  Y – Neils Bohr
  23. 23. 10. 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25  X – Charles Darwin A – Origin Of Species  Y – Karl Marx B – Das Kapital  Das Capital dedication to Darwin is now a proven myth.
  26. 26. 11. Other than being lucky what's the purpose of this Lucky Penny here? 26
  27. 27. Curiosity To calibrate its cameras on the Martian surface  'When a geologist takes pictures of rock outcrops she is studying, she wants an object of known scale in the photographs,' said Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) Principal Investigator Ken Edgett, of Malin Space Science Systems, San Diego.  The lucky penny hidden on Curiosity: A 1909 'VDB' cent from the first year Lincoln pennies were minted 27
  28. 28. 12. Identify   Who was the German (at the time, Prussian) geographer and naturalist who made an extensive and pioneering scientific exploration of Latin America, was one of the first to suggest that the continents may once have been joined together, and who today gives his name to, among other things, a species of penguin ? Not just a penguin, but also a squid, a lily, an orchid, a skunk, several geographical features, several places, and many more things are all named after him. 28
  29. 29. Alexander von Humboldt 29
  30. 30. 13. X Goat ?  Dr. Randy Lewis, a professor of molecular biology developed genetically modified goats at a farm at Utah State University, US, which produce large quantities of a X’s Y that is among the strongest substances known to man.  X’s Y is 100 times stronger than natural ligaments, and 10 times stronger than natural tendons; it is stronger than Kevlar and more elastic than nylon.  Its tensile strength is greater than the same weight of steel. 30
  31. 31. Spider Goats & Spider Silk  The transplanted gene means the goat produce milk containing an extra protein, which is extracted and spun into spider silk thread. 31
  32. 32. 14. Identify the neurological condition ?  ____________ from the ancient Greek meaning "together sensation," is a neurological condition in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.  Grapheme - color ___________ is a form in which an individual's perception of numbers and letters is associated with the experience of colors.  Marilyn Monroe, Richard Feynman, Billy Joel etc. are some of the famous personalities with this condition. 32
  33. 33. Synesthesia 33
  34. 34. 15. Identify the metal / alloys  Video 34
  35. 35. Smart Metals / Shape Memory Alloys  Smart materials respond to things that happen around them  Smart alloys have unusual properties. Nitinol is an alloy of nickel and titanium, and is known as a shape memory alloy. If nitinol is bent out of shape, it returns to its original shape when it is either heated or an electric current is passed through it. This property makes it useful for making spectacle frames - they return to their original shape if they are put in hot water after bending them.  At the phase transformation temperature, the alloy undergoes a crystalline reversible solid state phase change from martensite to austenite. It should be noted that both phases have different properties. 35
  36. 36. 16. Funda ? 36
  37. 37. Space Currency QUID (Quasi Universal Intergalactic Denomination)  It was designed for the foreign exchange company Travelex by scientists from Britain's National Space Centre and the University of Leicester.  It’s a currency for inter-planetary travellers  It is designed to withstand the stresses of space travel and has no sharp edges or chemicals that could hurt space tourists. 37
  38. 38. 17. Funda ? 38
  39. 39. 3D Printer – Gun Design controversy  Cody Wilson, a 24-year-old law student at the University of Texas.  He is the founder and director of Defense Distributed, a non-profit organization that develops and publishes open source gun designs, so-called "Wiki Weapons," suitable for 3D printing.  Listed in “The 15 Most Dangerous People in the World” by Wired Magazine.  The design for a controversial 3D-printed gun has been downloaded around 100,000 times. Developed by Defense Distributed, the Liberator gun is assembled from components made on a 3D printer. It’s not illegal to download the blueprints, but anyone in the UK who makes the gun faces prosecution (unless they’re a registered firearms dealer). 39
  40. 40. 18. Which natural phenomenon ?  Video 40
  41. 41. Clue 41 ________ is a funnel-shaped hollow in the earth's surface. They are formed by the seepage of water in soluble rocks, such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum (Karst landscape). Caves Of Swallows, Mexico
  42. 42. Sinkhole Known as Cenote – In Mexico 42
  43. 43. 19. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. 20. Identify X 45 The Dark Knight Rises 72 The Dark Knight X DMR 28 Batman Begins 0 0 50 100 Minutes 150 200
  46. 46. IMAX Format 46  The Dark Knight Rises - The longest IMAX movie ever filmed.  IMAX cameras and film stock are rarely used for mainstream films; the cameras are heavy and the film stock is expensive. However, since 2002, some feature films shot with digital cameras or on regular 35mm film stock have undergone IMAX Digital Media Remastering (DMR) processing for showing both in 70mm IMAX theatres and in Digital IMAX theatres.
  47. 47. 21. This book is believed to be a Scientific counter argument of a famous book. Identify the original author and book ? Rupert Sheldrake’s TED talk (Jan, 2013) in the same name “The Science Delusion.” was controversially banned by the TED community after being aired. 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. 22. FITB  _____, the process by which an iceberg breaks off from an ice shelf or glacier.  It is also the process of giving birth by a domestic animal. 49
  50. 50. CALVING / ICE CALVING 50
  51. 51. 23. Connect 51
  52. 52. Celebrities who underwent the double mastectomy operation 52
  53. 53. 24. 12th Century Byzantine Manuscript 53  To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art — if they desire to learn it — without fee and covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but to no one else.  I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice.  I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody if asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.  I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.  Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.  What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself holding such things shameful to be spoken about.  If I fulfill this path and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot. Pic on next slide
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. Hippocratic Oath 55
  56. 56. 25. Identify the company ?  It’s a technology developed in part by Laurence Kemball-Cook, convert human traversal into electricity.  The tiles made their first big commercial appearance between London’s Olympic stadium and the Westfield Stratford City mall (Europe's largest urban mall) during the 2012 Olympics. 20 Tiles should be enough feet to power about half its (the mall's) outdoor lighting needs. 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. 26. Funda 58
  59. 59. Pitch Drop Experiment 59 Longest running experiment Date Event Duration(months) Duration(years) 1st drop fell 96–107 8.0–8.9 2nd drop fell 99 8.3 April 1954 3rd drop fell 86 7.2 May 1962 4th drop fell 97 8.1 August 1970 5th drop fell 99 8.3 April 1979 6th drop fell 104 8.7 July 1988 7th drop fell 111 9.3 28 November 2000 8th drop fell 148 12.3 1927 Experiment set up 1930 The stem was cut December 1938 February 1947
  60. 60. 27. 60  El X is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) tree located in El X Park on the banks of San Francisquito Creek in X, X means the tall stick in Spanish.  A city related to technology filed gets its name from this tree.
  61. 61. 61
  62. 62. 28. 62
  63. 63. Marvin the Martian 63
  64. 64. 29. What's the significance of this incident ?  It was early Monday morning on April 28, 1986, and Cliff Robinson had just eaten breakfast in the coffee room at the plant. He'd gone to the washroom, on the border of the controlled and uncontrolled areas of the plant, to brush his teeth. On the way back to the locker room, he had to pass through a radiation detector.  Robinson set the alarm off.  "It was so strange, because I hadn't even been in the controlled area!" he says.  He went through a couple more times, and the third time, the alarm didn't go off. He and one of the workers who monitored the detector thought it was a mistake and that the detector simply need some adjustment.  Robinson went about his duties, monitoring radioactivity within the power station. When he got back, he recalls, there was a long line of workers waiting at the detector. No one could get through, he says, because the alarm kept going off.  Robinson borrowed a shoe from one of the people there and took it into the lab, where he put it on a germanium detector.  "Then, I saw a sight that I will never forget," he says. "The shoe was highly contaminated. I could see this spectrum rising up very quickly. And it was just amazing, because there were many radioactive elements there that we normally didn't see in the cooling water at Forsmark." 64
  65. 65. Chernobyl sets off detectors in Sweden  Sweden has gotten the credit for pushing the former Soviet Union to admit that something had gone wrong at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.  April 26, 1986 - Reactor #4 exploded at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the Ukraine.  April 28, 1986 - Swedish diplomats were in touch with Moscow inquiring about whether there could have been a nuclear accident there. But the answer they got was "no". Sweden warned that they were going to file an official alert with the International Atomic Energy Authority, and it was only then that the Soviet Union admitted that there'd been an accident at Chernobyl. 65  CNN called Cliff Robinson the "Engineer who alerted the World" to the Chernobyl accident. "Leak in the East spreads Radioactivity over all of Sweden"
  66. 66. 30.  66 Area code 321 is the area code serving X in Brevard County, Florida. The area code has been in use since November 1, 1999; it was assigned to the area, instead of suburban Chicago, after a successful petition led by local resident Robert Osband to commemorate the area’s impact on the country.
  67. 67. 3 2 1….phussssss and we have lift off  The code refers to the countdown sequence which has launched many spacecraft from Cape Canaveral 67
  68. 68. 31. What is being referenced here  2 Paraolympics Videos  First Video….What is being Presented and Who is the Narrator.  Second Video….. What is being Presented. 68
  69. 69. 69  Stephen Hawking  Big Bang explosion  Large Hadron Collider – Higgs Boson
  70. 70. 32. Hollywood's fascination for X  Roger Spottiswoode, director of James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, is working on a movie starring actor Siddharth.  The film will not be a biopic on X, though and will only deal with his friendship with Y.  Y thought that X could be brilliant and as it turned out X was more talented than him. They collaborated for four years and wrote wonderful papers. It was a wonderful friendship between the two because X was deeply spiritual, while Y was only interested in cricket and mathematics.  Another biopic on X being made by Matthew Brown adapted from a biography on X starring R Madhavan.  In May 2013 it was reported that Dev Patel had replaced R Madhavan for the role of X
  71. 71. In the same league as mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss.
  72. 72. 33. Identify the Movie ? 72 Identify the 2012 documentary film about the efforts of photographer James Balog and his Extreme Ice Survey project to publicize the effects of climate change. EIS uses time-lapse photography; currently, 28 cameras are deployed at 13 glaciers in Greenland, Iceland, the Nepalese Himalaya, Alaska and the Rocky Mountains of the U.S. These cameras record changes in the glaciers every half hour, year-round during daylight, yielding approximately 8,000 frames per camera per year. We edit the time-lapse images into stunning videos that reveal how fast climate change is transforming large regions of the planet.
  73. 73. 73
  74. 74. 74
  75. 75. 34. What is unique about the Olympic torch relay during Montreal Games - 1976 made possible by the wonders of technology. 75
  76. 76. Flame transmitted by Satellite link from Athens to Ottawa. 76
  77. 77. 35. Identify
  78. 78. 36. Name the space shuttle ? This space shuttle orbiter is named after the British HMS X, the ship which took captain James Cook on his first voyage of discovery (1768–1771) to Australia and New Zealand. In pirates of the Caribbean the HMS X was the immense flagship of Lord Cutler Beckett of the East India Trading Company(EITC). It was this vessel that led the EITC armada during the war against piracy. In the science fiction novel Rendezvous with Rama by Arthur C Clarke he manages to convey a true sense of wonder, successfully imagining just how a futuristic, 22nd equivalent of James Cook would react as they took their voyage of discovery of an alien ship.
  79. 79. Endeavour
  80. 80. 37. Identify the syndrome  A __________ limb syndrome is the sensation that an amputated or missing limb is still attached to the body and is moving appropriately with other body parts.  A mirror box is a box with two mirrors in the centre (one facing each way), invented by Vilayanur S. Ramachandran to help alleviate _________ limb pain, in which patients feel they still have a limb after having it amputated. 81
  81. 81. Phantom limb 82
  82. 82. 38. In shipping terms, if a vessel is classified as PANAMAX, what does it mean ? 83
  83. 83. Panamax 84 Represents the largest acceptable size to transit the Panama Canal Vessels that are built to pass through specific bottlenecks while carrying the maximum amount of cargo are termed “max”. For example a freighter designed to pass through the Panama Canal are called Panamax.
  84. 84. 39. What was the modification about ?  Muslims aboard the International Space Station (ISS) struggled with fulfilling their religious obligations.  The issue first came up when Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, a Saudi prince, flew aboard STS-51-G and again when Anousheh Ansari flew as a tourist to the International space station.  In preparation for Malaysia's Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor trip to the ISS in 2007 which coincided with Ramadan, the National Fatwa Council created an 18 page guide book titled "Muslim Obligations in the International Space Station" outlining permissible modifications to rituals.
  85. 85.  Observant Muslims are required to turn toward Mecca -located in Saudi Arabia -- and kneel and pray five times a day. However, with the space station circling the Earth 16 times a day, kneeling in zero gravity to pray -- or facing toward Mecca for that matter -- makes fulfilling those religious obligations difficult.  Changes made including kneeling and facing Mecca to pray in microgravity traveling at thousands of miles per hour. such as kneeling when praying (not required in space), facing Mecca when praying (left to the astronaut's best abilities at the start of prayer), and washing (a wet towel will suffice).
  86. 86. 40.
  87. 87. Sweden Solar System Largest Scaled Model of the Solar System SUN
  88. 88. 41. Drink originally developed for ?  A drink formulated by scientists to protect Y from the sun's radiation could become a hot-selling, agedefying beauty product.  New research suggests that AS10, can noticeably reduce facial wrinkles and obvious signs of aging in as little as four months.  It's made from a blend of exotic fruits and other plant derivatives, including Brazil's cupuacu fruit, acai, prickly pear, yumberry, acerola, grape, green tea, and pomegranate. In addition to a rich cocktail of vitamins and antioxidants, the juice blend supplies a high dose of phytochemicals, which, according to researchers, helps shield cells from the harmful effects of radiation. 90
  89. 89. Designed for Astronauts Also known as Space drink 91
  90. 90. 42. An Historic Handshake & Napoleons Dream 92
  91. 91. Clue 93
  92. 92. Channel/Euro Tunnel links UK and Europe for first time  On Dec. 1, 1990, British and French construction workers joined the two halves of the Eurotunnel, physically linking Britain and France for the first time since the end of the ice age.  The dream of connecting Britain and France through bridges or tunnels dates back to the 18th century and Napoleon Bonaparte himself had been convinced that a tunnel could be built. 94
  93. 93. 43. Anti-tank weapons  USA – Bazooka  Germany – Panzerfaust  British – PIAT (Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank)  Russia – ? 95
  94. 94. RPG Rocket-propelled grenade 96
  95. 95. 44. Accidental discovery of ?  X were first observed in the late 1960s by the U.S. Vela satellites (meaning "watchman" in Spanish), which were built to detect gamma radiation pulses emitted by nuclear weapons tested in space.  The United States suspected that the USSR might attempt to conduct secret nuclear tests after signing the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1963.  Y is a type of supernova explosion with an energy substantially higher than standard supernovae. Such explosions are believed to be the origin of long-duration X. 97
  96. 96. X - Gamma-ray bursts Y - Hypernova 98
  97. 97. 45. Internals of what ? 99
  98. 98. Lightsaber The force is not with you today if you didn’t answer this  100
  99. 99. 46. Identify the movie and director 101 Identify the 1902 French black-and-white, silent, science fiction film which was loosely based on two popular novels of the time: 1. Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon 2. H. G. Wells' The First Men in the Moon.  It’s one of the first known science fiction films, and uses innovative animation and special effects, including the well-known image of the spaceship landing in the Moon's eye. It was sold in both black-and-white and hand-colored versions. A hand-colored print, the only one known to survive, was rediscovered in 1993 by the Filmoteca de Catalunya.  It was in a state of almost total decomposition, but a frame-by-frame restoration was launched in 1999 and completed in 2010 at the Technicolor Lab of Los Angeles- and after West Wing Digital Studios matched the original hand tinting by colorizing the damaged areas of the newly restored black and white. The restored version finally premiered on 11 May 2011, eighteen years after its discovery and 109 years after its original release, at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, with a new soundtrack by the French band Air. It was released by Flicker Alley as a 2-disc BluRay/DVD edition, also including the documentary The Extraordinary Voyage about its restoration on 10 April 2012. Cont…
  100. 100. Cont… 102  In Hugo movie, the automaton draws out an iconic image from this film.  The film director was also featured in the book The Invention of Hugo Cabret as well as its film adaptation Hugo, where he was portrayed by Ben Kingsley.
  101. 101. Trip to the Moon, Georges Méliès 103
  102. 102. 47. Id the advertiser and product ?  104 Blue Man Group is an organization founded in 1987 by Chris Wink, Matt Goldman and Phil Stanton. The organization produces theatrical shows and concerts featuring experimental music (with an emphasis on percussion), comedy and multimedia; recorded music and scores for film and television; television appearances for shows. 2 Videos
  103. 103. Intel – Pentium 3,4 105
  104. 104. Thanks a lot for attending 106