When the earth is ravaged and the animals
are dying, a new tribe of people shall come
unto the earth from many colors, classes,
creeds and who by their actions and deeds
shall make the earth green again.They will
be known as the _______ of the _______.
- Old Native American Prophecy
2.What’s being described here ?
▪ Step 1: Releases a length of thread in the wind.
▪ Step 2: If it feels that the thread has caught onto something, it clinches up the thread and attaches it
to its starting point.
▪ Step 3: It walks across the bridge thread, releasing a looser thread below it.
▪ Step 4: It climbs to the center of the loose thread and lowers itself down on a vertical thread to form a
▪ Step 5: It lays more frame threads between various anchor points as it walks along the structural
▪ Step 6: It lays out radius threads from the center to the frames.
▪ Step 7: It lays more non-stick thread to form an auxiliary spiral, extending from the center to the outer
▪ Step 8: It spirals inward, laying out sticky thread and using the auxiliary spiral as reference.
▪ Step 9: The result is what we all know.
Construction process of spider web
▪ Step 9:The result is a web with non-sticky radius threads, for getting
around, and a sticky spiral for catching bugs.
3. Identify the famous actor X
▪ The world's first tiger summit happened in
St.Petersburg in the year 2010 which is also year of
tiger in Chinese Lunar Calendar.
▪ 29th July has been declared as International Tiger
Day (GlobalTiger Day ) in the same summit.
▪ Russian PM Vladimir Putin has praised X as "a real
man" for his persistence in getting to a
St.Petersburg to attend the summit.
▪ X’s first plane was forced to make an emergency
landing after losing an engine, while a second had
to stop after encountering strong headwinds.
▪ "I would like to thank you for coming despite all the
obstacles," Mr Putin told X at the conference.
▪ X has donated $1m to help support anti-poaching
4. Identify this “Queen of Ranthambore” ?
▪ ______(T-16), the royal tigress is the most famed in India and is exclusively the pride
of Ranthambore National Park.
▪ This 17 years old tigress has captivated millions of nature lovers over the years. Not
only is she the oldest wild tiger alive in the world, she is the most photographed and
starred in several wildlife films.
▪ Her legendary fight with 14 foot long crocodile has really created a history and it
was the first time since such an encounter has been recorded and filmed.There are
half a dozen Facebook pages calling her "The Queen of Ranthambore", "The Lady of
the Lake", "The LegendaryTigress".
▪ UK-basedTravel Operators forTigers (TOFT) gave her a lifetime achievement
award, estimating that she alone brought in over 100 million dollars to
Ranthambore in the past decade.
▪ A commemorative postal cover was released by the Indian government in 2013.
▪ She is named so since she has the fish shaped marking on the left part of her face.
5. Identify X
▪ ‘We are going to make a documentary about saving the remaining 700 mountain gorillas.
I wouldn’t say I am like X, but I suppose I am treading where she trod.’ - Anna Friel
Clue: Next Slide
7. Why are they called so ?
The Megapodes are unique birds that lives on
mainly in Australia, Philippines, Indonesia, and
in other Pacific Islands.They are referred to as
▪ They are the only known birds which use heat sources especially
volcanic heat/geothermal activity/ sun-warmed beaches/rotting
vegetation, other than the body, to incubate their eggs.
Cabinet Meetings, 2010
1. Underwater Cabinet Meetings
The government of the Maldives has held a
cabinet meeting underwater to highlight the
threat of global warming to the low-lying Indian
2.Worlds Highest Cabinet Meetings
The Nepali Government's historical high-altitude
cabinet meeting was held on the base camp at
Kalapatthar(foothills of Mt. Everest) to draw the
global community's attention toward climate
change and its impact on melting Himalayas.
9.Why the number 1600 was chosen?
▪ French sculptor Paulo Grangeon's long-running
traveling exhibit, Pandas onTour, features 1600
▪ Launched in 2008 in collaboration with theWorld
Wildlife Fund, Grangeon’s project has traveled to
landmarks in more than 20 countries, including the
▪ This June marks its first foray into Hong Kong,
where the pandas will visit such hotspots as Hong
Kong International Airport and theTianTan
Buddha on Lantau Island.
Pic: Next Slide
Only 1,600 pandas exists in the wild
▪ A 4-year survey was completed in 2004 and counted 1,600 pandas in
▪ After being asked by theWWF, Grangenon created the 1,600 pandas
from recycled paper - to represent the actual amount of real pandas
left in the world.
▪ The United States Marines have their bulldogs and the Army has their mules,
but the Norwegian Royal Guard has a mascot a little more accustomed to
colder temperatures: Nils Olav, a ________who is also a Colonel-in-Chief and
▪ Nils Olav has been an honorary member and mascot of the Norwegian King's
Guard since 1972. Over the years, he has been promoted through the ranks
after being adopted by Royal Guard who visited the zoo.
▪ X is an extremely remote, tiny island in the Andaman and Nicobar Island group, and is
home to about 300 X hornbills, a species that is found nowhere else in the world.
▪ The Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) consisting of a number of wildlife
scientists including Divya Mudappa andTR Shankar Raman have highlighted that : "The
X Hornbill is found as a single population of less than some 350 birds endemic to and
exclusively found on the tiny (681 ha) island of X.This small and unique island harbors
the world's only population of this hornbill species.
▪ Studies by the SalimAli Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON),
Coimbatore, suggested that this number represented a decline from around 400
individuals earlier.The small and possibly declining population of this species requires
highest protection," they said in the letter.
▪ In 2012, the Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) has rejected the proposal by the
Indian Coast Guard to erect a RADAR installation on X Island in the Andamans.
Pic: Next Slide
15. ‘X IntoThe Unknown’
▪ X geared up for this summer'sWorld Cup in Brazil,
by exploring the country's Amazon for a special
▪ In this special 1x90 documentary film, X flies 5,000
miles from London to South America, staying
briefly in Rio de Janeiro and then on to Manaus in
the heart of the rainforest. From there he and his
friends Derek White and Dave Gardner travel by
motorbike and boat, guided by locals as they visit
the tiny community of Angelin, cross the river
Negro to the banks of the Cuieras River and travel
deeper into the rainforest to meet the remote
▪ Identify the famous British personality.
107th birth anniversary of Rachel Louise Carson
American marine biologist, author and conservationist
18. Identify X andY
▪ Pench National Park is situated in Seoni and Chhindwara districts of
Madhya Pradesh in India. It derives its name from the Pench River
that flows through the National park from north to south dividing the
park into almost equal western and eastern halves- the well forested
areas of Seoni and Chhindwara districts respectively.
▪ This park is also famously called as X Land, since its the original
19. Identify her famous work ?
▪ Greenpeace USA announced recently(May, 2014)
that Annie Leonard, a veteran environmental
campaigner and the creator of the influential 2007
web video ____________, will become the
organization’s next executive director.
▪ Leonard began her career at Greenpeace
International in 1988 and is returning now to help
the organization inspire and mobilize millions of
people to take action to create a more sustainable
▪ If you stare at one of Cornelia Hesse-Honegger’s watercolors long enough, you’ll
notice something’s a little bit off with the insects she depicts.There’s a bent antennae
or a crumpled wing—the deformities make it clear to the viewer that this bug is not
▪ A Zurich-based artist and scientific illustrator, Hesse-Honegger has been peering into
microscopes and drawing malformed insects for decades. She got her start working
is an illustrator at an entomology lab at the University of Zurich in the 1960s, where
she drew flies and other insects that had been exposed to different mutagens, such as
x-rays and ethyl methanesulfonate (a compound similar to Agent Orange).
▪ But, perhaps her most famous work started in 1986. Honegger went looking for her
preferred bugs first in Sweden and then in southern Switzerland.
▪ From where she collects the bugs for her controversial study ?
Pic: Next Slide
She Collects "truebugs" living near nuclear
▪ Conventional wisdom holds that nuclear power stations don’t leak
enough radiation to create mutants. But in some locations, Hesse-
Honegger discovered mutations, such as asymmetrical wings and
eye-cysts, in as many as 30 per cent of the bugs she gathered. "For
me," she says, "the mutated bugs were like prototypes of a future
▪ Sweden and Switzerland are regions under the Chernobyl cloud
Commentary for Curling in Sochi Olympics
22.What did he suggest ? (Y)
▪ Bhabua is district headquarters of Bihar’s Kaimur district.
▪ District Magistrate of Kaimur, Arvind Kumar Singh came up an idea which
was inspired from Jaipur.
▪ In the month of September last, Singh convened a meeting of elected
representatives and prominent citizens of the town and decision was taken
which was executed in less than four months by the locals.
▪ Following which Nagar Parishad (district council) on 16th Jan 2014, officially
declared Bhabua as first of something in India as well as World.
▪ “Nearly 136 years after the __X__ came into being, we have today a __Y__
in Bihar.The move is likely to make a positive impact on tourists coming
from far off places” - Singh
▪ Was inspired by Jaipur’s “pink city”.
▪ Jaipur was painted pink on the royal orders of
Sawai dynasty in 1878, to welcome the Prince
▪ As part of the exercise, the citizens themselves
have painted their houses in green.
23. First metro in the world to be approved by
▪ Gold Standard foundation -- a globally accepted certification standard
for carbon mitigation projects.
▪ Compared to the United Nations rate for one carbon credit (70 cents),
the Gold Standard carbon offset carries a price premium (4-5 Euros).
▪ Which metro/rail system was the first one to be awarded the same for
energy efficiency ?
24. Identify X
▪ X is a delta region of about 900 sq. km situated in the west coast of
Kerala State, India.The X Below Sea-level Farming System (KBSFS) is
unique, as it is the only system in India that practices rice cultivation
below sea level.
▪ Farmers of X have developed and mastered the spectacular
technique of below sea level cultivation over 150 year ago.They
made this system unique as it contributes remarkably well to the
conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services including several
livelihood services for local communities.
▪ X is known as ‘The Rice Bowl of Kerala’.
25.Which company’s Earth
day ad in 2014 and Funda ?
26.What's special about this song ?
▪ Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris ssp. sumatrae) are more than a rare breed;
they're almost extinct. An estimated 400 of these animals still inhabit the
wilds of Indonesia, and that number is only expected to drop with threats
from poaching and habitat destruction. Scientists have predicted that the
beautiful beasts, which are listed as critically endangered on the IUCN's Red
List, may go extinct in the next 30 years. (Its relatives the Bali tiger and the
Java tiger have already suffered that fate.)
▪ Announced on Earth Day, a new initiative from the Smithsonian's National
Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute hopes to raise awareness about the
plight of these magestic animals.The Zoo teamed up with Alaskan rock
band Portugal.The Man to create what the are calling an "endangered"
song, produced on only 400 records.
▪ Each record is made with a special blend of polycarbonate and sent to 400
people in music, film, social media and journalism.
▪ Each record is made with a special
blend of polycarbonate that
degrades after a certain number of
spins. A record that self-destructs
sounds like the stuff of spy movies,
but the metaphor works: the fate of
the records is meant to parallel the
fate of the 400 remaining tigers.
▪ If people don't conserve the song
digitally, it won't survive.
Fake Hong Kong Skyline
GivesTourists A Better Backdrop, Ignores Pollution Problem
Tourists from mainland China take photos in front of a large outdoor
banner in Hong Kong showing what the city looks like on a clean-air
28.What mistake ?
▪ On the first day of its functioning in Chennai, the National Green
Tribunal's Circuit Court here set aside the environmental clearance
granted by theTamil Nadu government to the Chennai Corporation's
integrated solid waste management facility at Perungudi.
▪ If any project site was within a 10-km radius from a national park or a
protected area, environment clearance could be obtained only from
the Union Environment Ministry. If the site was beyond 10 km,
permission could be obtained from the State government.
▪ Although the aerial distance between the two nearest points of
project site and Guindy National Park is 5.6 km and 6.2 km. How/Why
did theTamil Nadu Pollution Control Board's got the permission from
State Environment Impact Assessment Authority ofTamil Nadu ?
They used road distance instead of aerial
▪ Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board's contention that the distance
was more than 10 km (measured along the road connecting the two
places), the judge remarked that pollution did not travel by road.
▪ WhenTNPCB counsel said that the distance was calculated by the
Chennai Corporation, the judge asked, “How can you blindly believe
▪ The Namaqua
chameleon is a
ground living lizard
found in the western
desert regions of
Africa and southern
▪ What's the
advantage of looking
like this ? (Pic)
To regulate their body temperature
▪ Since it’s a cold blooded animal, they change the sunny side into dark
to absorb more heat and white to minimize the heat loss during
34. How this bizarre shape helps the tree to
survive in the arid climate ?
▪ Arguably the most famous and
distinctive plant of the island
of Socotra, the evocatively
named dragon’s blood tree has
a unique and bizarre
appearance, its upturned,
densely-packed crown having
the shape of an upside-down
▪ The bizarre shape of the
dragon’s blood tree helps it to
survive in often arid
To collect mist
▪ Morning mists condense on the waxy, skyward-pointing leaves, the
water then channeling down the trunk to the roots.
35.Which movie ?
▪ This 2013 movie is considered to have a “Darwinian Ending”.
▪ “It’s the optimistic scenario, the Darwinian chart at the end. She
comes from the primordial soup, crawling out into the mud, and then
she’s on all fours, and then she’s standing up curved like an ape, until
she goes completely erect.” – Director of the movie.