Ten percent of all pregnancies are complicated by hypertension (HTN).Eclampsia and preeclampsia account for about half of these cases worldwide.
In 1619, Varandaeus coined the term eclampsia in a treatise on gynecology.
DEFINITION: Eclampsia is defined as the clinical presentation of an unexplained seizure, convulsion, or altered mental status in the setting of the signs and symptoms of preeclampsia. It is considered a complication of severe preeclampsia.
A woman with preeclampsia develops:
--- high blood pressure (>140 mmHg systolic or >90 mmHg diastolic)
--- protein in the urine
--- swelling (edema) of the legs, hands, face or entire body.