1. Parth Raj-94
2. Rahul Kumar-111
A Bureaucracy is "a body of nonelective
government officials" and/or "an administrative
policy-making group. "
An organizations with a hierarchical structure and
An organizations which operate on management
principles intended to enhance efficiency and
The term "bureaucracy"
is French in origin
It combines of French
word bureau – desk or
office – with the Greek
word kratos – rule or
It was coined sometime
in the mid-1700s by the
Claude Marie Vincent de
CHARACTERISTICS OF BUREAUCRACY
F-Formal written communication
THE ADVANTAGES OF
Bureaucracies are created and evolved as a
means to undertake the purposes and
responsibilities of organizations. They
• Expertise and Competence
THE PROBLEMS OF
Size – Can institutions this large effectively
manage many of the tasks assigned them?
Coordination – Can agencies with offices
throughout the country effective coordinate
a single policy?
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BUREAUCRACY
The executive branch is charged with the
enforcement of the law, and agencies are largely
the mechanism for this.
However, most statutes contain vague language, so
in implementing the law agencies often have great
discretion on its exact meaning.
General statutory language can become the basis
for the bureaucracy’s development of its own
precise rules, a form of agency-created law called
regulations, which govern the topics under a
particular agency’s jurisdiction
Statutes also specify the procedures that agencies
must use in developing regulations
Michael lipsky is well know in the field of public
It is concerned with the implementation of
Classic public administration underpinned by
professional and politicians.