Bureacracy

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Bureacracy

  1. 1. THE BUREAUCRACY By: 1. Parth Raj-94 2. Rahul Kumar-111
  2. 2. BUREAUCRACY DEFINED  A Bureaucracy is "a body of nonelective government officials" and/or "an administrative policy-making group. "  An organizations with a hierarchical structure and specific responsibilities  An organizations which operate on management principles intended to enhance efficiency and effectiveness
  3. 3. HISTORY
  4. 4. WORD ORIGIN  The term "bureaucracy" is French in origin  It combines of French word bureau – desk or office – with the Greek word kratos – rule or political power  It was coined sometime in the mid-1700s by the French economist Jacques Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay
  5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF BUREAUCRACY S- Specialization H-Hierarchy R-Rule T-Technical competence I-Impersonal F-Formal written communication
  6. 6. ADVANTAGES AND PROBLEMS WITH THE BUREAUCRACY
  7. 7. THE ADVANTAGES OF BUREAUCRACY  Bureaucracies are created and evolved as a means to undertake the purposes and responsibilities of organizations. They provide: • Standardization • Expertise and Competence • Accountability • Coordination
  8. 8. THE PROBLEMS OF BUREAUCRACY  Size – Can institutions this large effectively manage many of the tasks assigned them?  Coordination – Can agencies with offices throughout the country effective coordinate a single policy?
  9. 9. BUREAUCRATIC FUNCTION
  10. 10. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BUREAUCRACY Implementation Regulation Administration
  11. 11. IMPLEMENTATION  The executive branch is charged with the enforcement of the law, and agencies are largely the mechanism for this.  However, most statutes contain vague language, so in implementing the law agencies often have great discretion on its exact meaning.
  12. 12. REGULATIONS  General statutory language can become the basis for the bureaucracy’s development of its own precise rules, a form of agency-created law called regulations, which govern the topics under a particular agency’s jurisdiction  Statutes also specify the procedures that agencies must use in developing regulations
  13. 13. ADMINISTRATION  Michael lipsky is well know in the field of public administration  It is concerned with the implementation of government policies  Classic public administration underpinned by professional and politicians.

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