Type of unconventional petroleum deposit Mixtures of sand, clay, and water, saturated with a dense and extremely viscous form of petroleum
Extraction of oil Transported to initial refinery Hot water treatment Oil mixture part waste part Final refinery http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsS9iq0 olVI
Biggest producer of conventional crude oil, synthetic crude, natural gas and gas products in Canada 12% of total global oil reserves Great impact on the economy of the Alberta and Canada Transportation to USA, China
Benefits to the Albertans and Canadians Highest economic growth in Canada 1,36,000 people are getting job Increased job opportunities New 4, 50,000 jobs in the next 25 years 10 per cent of the oil sands workforce is Aboriginals Easier and cheaper access to petroleum products Improve the quality of life lowest tax in Canada
Contracts of millions of dollars Industry is growing 1.9 billion revenue- year of 2009-10 Contracts with Aboriginal companies was $810 million investment Upcoming years the investment will reach up to$ 215 billion Decrease unemployment level Profit utilization in other sectors
Exceptionally large quantity of water Climate change and uncontrollable pollution One-third of Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs) Large-scale spatial disturbances to boreal forest-deforestation, habitat fragmentation, and species loss Housing costs are growth upwards Social services- not enough to meet the necessities of population
Distribution of benefits has been jagged Influence on Wildlife and marine life Northern American tribes affected
The extraction in the Arabian Gulf has its own concerns regarding the demand and supply but has not raised major concerns over global warming. The resources it takes for the extraction of oil in the gulf needs far less resources compared to the one followed in Alberta. And the major extraction is done in deserted parts and does not contribute to the elimination of forest lands. But the major rising concern would be that of exaggerating the remained oil resources by nearly 40% to possibly avoid losing supply contracts and economy meltdown.
Alberta GulfReserve 175 billion barrels 265 billion barrelsGDP 30% of total 45% of totalMethod of extraction Surface mining Drilling SAGDForm of oil Tar sand mudArea of operation Forest, lakes desertsEnvironmental impact high lowUse of resources for High ( water and gas) Lowoil productionEffect on wild life and very serious Not significanthuman lifeEffect on marine life high Absolutely zero
In response to the petitions filed against the oil extraction in Alberta, the mayor of the province responded rather unconvincingly. The statement issued stated that under a certain timeline, all the forest land would be restored and the cost of extraction would be reduced. The restoration never took off and the timeline proposed was 2050, by which time the environmental scenario will be altered completely.
“STOP THE TARSANDS” campaign http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LaF5NfCj WHs
1. Consumption of water and gas 3-5 barrels of fresh water to one barrel of oil Water per day = 2 millions people 600 million cubic feet of Natural gas= three million Canadian homes Excessive amount of energy used
Over 141 mega tones of GHG = twice that produced by all the cars and trucks in Canada Climate changes
Contaminated capital of Canada, with one billion kilograms of emissions Large-scale spatial instability to Alberta’s northern boreal forest. Lakes of mining waste (170 square kilometers) = flood Washington, D.C. or downtown Vancouver. Temporary and localized emission -sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide
Experiencing unparalleled rates of bile and colon cancer, lupus and other disease Respiratory diseases Benzene, toluene, xylene and formaldehyde - pose health risks to residents and project employees
Most targeted Question of “STOP THE TAR SANDS” campaign is who is the user of oil? 70% - USA What is the benefit for Canadians?
Worlds leading seven companies (ExxonMobil, Shell, BP, Sinopec, Petro China, Total and Chevron)- $180-billion on the resource in upcoming 20 years Expand oil extraction from 1.6 million barrels a day to more than 3 million barrels Communal services, including health care, crime prevention and education at low level Higher damage to eco-system and humans
Rush to set up pipelines for supply. Why? To catch up opportunity prospect competition Will lead to unwarranted risk and promised danger
As their cost of production and cost of pollution control is too high The net effect is Less money profit+ Pollution + Damage to environment
Suppose you are the CEO or the CHIEF head of the Alberta oil industry You have analyzed both the merits and the demerits Now, you are in ethical dilemma What will you do?