Real social realism

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Social Realism by Shannon Fitzpatrick and Amanda Kilgore

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Real social realism

  1. 1. American Social Realism 1930-1960 Amanda and Shannon
  2. 2. Inspiration• The French Social Realism movement occurred in the mid-1800s• Adopted by America in early 1900s• Reaction from: – The Great Depression – The New Deal – The Industrial Revolution – Civil Rights Movement – WWI
  3. 3. How It Started• Ashcan School – 5 painters that began the Social Realism movement – Common scenes in rough city life – Inspired other artists and helped create the movement “Snow In New York” Robert Henri 1902
  4. 4. How It Started• Stemmed from – American Scene – American Gothic – Regionalism art
  5. 5. American Scene VS Social Realism “Migrant Mother” Dorthea Lange 1936
  6. 6. American Gothic VS Social Realism“American Gothic” Grant Wood 1930 “Bartolomeo Vanzetti and Nicola Sacco” Ben Shahn 1931-1932
  7. 7. American Regionalism Vs. Social RealismGrant Wood "Appraisal" Will Barnet “Labor Workers”
  8. 8. Previous Movements• Rebelled against anything visually appealing or emotionally pleasing• Particularly disagreed with Idealism and Romanticism“Wanderer Above Sea of Fog” Caspar David Friedrich 1818
  9. 9. What It Means• Statement about: – Everyday routines and conditions – Social issues • Working class and the poor – Racial/political injustices • War, prohibition, civil rights movement
  10. 10. Ben Shahn (1898-1969)• Inspiration – Evolved separately from the Ashcan painters – Religion – Growing up a poor, ethnic minority – World War I – Civil Rights Movement – Sacco and Vanzetti trial
  11. 11. Ben Shahn• Style/Technique – Duo-tones – Scattering of focus/movement – Moment in time – Attachment/detachment – Elongated bodies and faces – Symbolism, color, and line
  12. 12. What It MeansBen Shahn, "Scotts Run, West Virginia."
  13. 13. “Handball” Ben Shahn 1939
  14. 14. “J. Robert Oppenheimer” Ben Shahn 1904-1967
  15. 15. “Parade for Repeal” Ben Shahn 1933
  16. 16. Ben Shahn• Paintings• Posters• Murals• Graphic Arts• Advertisements• Photographs
  17. 17. “For All These Fights We’ve Just Begun to Fight” Ben Shan 1946
  18. 18. Ben Shahn• “We are living in a time when civilization has become highly expert in the art of destroying human beings and increasingly weak in its power to give meaning to their lives.”
  19. 19. Social Realism in Photography: Dorothea Lange“Migrant Mother” Dorothea Lange 1936
  20. 20. “Migrant Family in Refugee Camp” Dorothea Lange
  21. 21. “Polk County, Oregon” Dorothea Lange 1939
  22. 22. “Migrant Mother (Alternative)” Dorothea Dix 1936
  23. 23. Diego Rivera
  24. 24. Diego Rivera• Style Influences – Cubism – Post Impressionism • Paul Cézanne – Italian Renaissance Fresco Painters – Aztecs – Frieda Kahlo
  25. 25. “Young Man in Gray Sweater (Jacques Lipchitz)” Diego River 1914
  26. 26. Diego Rivera• Influences – Mexican Revolution – Working Class – Indigenous people – Aztecs – Russian Revolution (communism)
  27. 27. Diego Rivera• Style – Fresco – Narrative – Lineal – Vibrant colors – Simple shapes
  28. 28. “Retrato de Ignacio Sanchez” Diego Rivera 1927
  29. 29. “Flower Festival Feast of Santa Anita” Diego Rivera 1931
  30. 30. “The Flower Carrier” Diego Rivera 1935
  31. 31. “Agrarian Leader Zapata” Diego Rivera 1931
  32. 32. “Mural Palacio Nacional” Diego Rivera, Mexico City
  33. 33. “Mural Palacio Nacional” Diego Rivera, Mexico City
  34. 34. “Mural Palacio Nacional” Diego Rivera, Mexico City
  35. 35. ”Detroit Industry” Diego Rivera 1932-33
  36. 36. ”Detroit Industry” Diego Rivera 1932-33
  37. 37. “Man at the Crossroads” Diego Rivera 1933-34
  38. 38. “Man, Controller of the Universe” Diego Rivera 1934
  39. 39. Conclusion• Inspired by events and conditions of the time.• Showing everyday routines and conditions• Social issues of the poor and working class• Political statements

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