Introduction to agriculture handout


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Agriculture literacy presentation notes for agriculture orientation class.

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Introduction to agriculture handout

  1. 1. What is Agriculture?<br />All the products and services<br />associated with the food and <br />fiber system. <br />
  2. 2. Why is Agriculture Important?<br />Agriculture is important because it provides us with a reliable source of food, clothing, and shelter.<br />
  3. 3. Quality of Life<br />Having adequate supplies of the basic needs of food, clothing and shelter<br />The ag industry provides the food and fiber required by people<br />Agriculture allows people to enjoy a higher quality of life<br />
  4. 4. Quality of Life<br />Americans spend 11% of their total income on food<br />People spend 70% in some other countries<br />Agriculture allows Americans to spend more money on clothing shelter, and entertainment <br />
  5. 5. International Trade<br />American agriculture helps provide food and fiber for many people in other countries<br />International trade is the buying and selling of commodities by two or more nations<br />
  6. 6. Exports<br />Exports are goods sold to another country<br />Corn, soybeans, and wheat are examples of important American agriculture exports<br />The success of American agriculture is largely dependent on its exports<br />
  7. 7. Imports<br />Commodities bought from other countries are called imports<br />Major American imports are bananas, coffee, shrimp, and vanilla<br />
  8. 8. Good jobs help people enjoy a better quality of life as well<br />The American agriculture industry provides jobs for about 16 out of every 100 people.<br />This is higher than any other industry in the country<br />
  9. 9. What Role Does Agriculture Play In Basic Human Nutrition?<br />Today, one American farmer feeds over 140 people <br />Consumers have a year-round, wide variety of inexpensive, quality foods to choose from<br />We don’t always make nutritious choices<br />
  10. 10. What are the areas of Agriculture?<br />
  11. 11. Environmental<br />Science<br />Forestry, Conservation, Wildlife Management, Outdoor Recreation<br />Nutrition, Reproduction, Genetics, Veterinary Medicine<br />Animal<br />Science<br />Plant breeding, Pest management, Genetics, Soil Conservation, Fertilizer Development <br />Agronomy<br />Greenhouse Management, Floriculture, Nursery, Landscape, Turf<br />Horticulture<br />Sales, Finance, Customer Service, Public Relations<br />Agribusiness<br />Engines, Electricity, Surveying, Carpentry, Welding, Hydraulics, Plumbing<br />Agriculture<br />Mechanics<br />Farmer, Rancher, Grower<br />Production<br />
  12. 12. What is Environmental Science?<br />
  13. 13. Environmental Science is…<br />The study of the environment and humans’ impact on it.<br />Forestry: wood, paper, recreation, asthetics<br />Wildlife: Recreation, natural balance, food/clothing, reserch<br />Ecology: healthy planet, good water supply, clean air<br />Natural Resource Management: supply minerals and fuels (coal, oil, etc)<br />
  14. 14. Careers in Environmental Science include…<br />Conservation officer<br />Ecologist<br />Forester<br />Park Ranger<br />Wildlife Biologist<br />Environmental Engineer<br />Game Warden<br />Oil/Coal/Mineral Miner<br />
  15. 15. What is Animal Science?<br />
  16. 16. Animal Science is…<br />The study of animals for their meat, hair/fur, products, or labor.<br />Pigs, cows, chickens raised for meat.<br />Sheep, goats, llamas/alpacas raise for hair.<br />Cows and chickens raised for milk and eggs.<br />Race horses raised for their labor/work.<br />New area of companion animal<br />Raising animals as pets and/or service<br />
  17. 17. Animal Science is…<br />Focused on getting the highest production from the animals by improving…<br />Nutrition<br />Reproduction<br />Genetics<br />Health<br />
  18. 18. Careers in animal science include<br />Veterinarian<br />Veterinary Technician<br />Veterinary assistant<br />Animal care fields<br />Animal trainer<br />Nutritionist<br />Reproduction Specialist<br />Cellular Biologist<br />Biochemist<br />
  19. 19. What is Agronomy?<br />
  20. 20. Agronomy is…<br />The study of crops and soils to produce food and fiber.<br />Broken down into<br />Plant/Crop Science<br />Improve the crop’s production<br />Improve the crops’ resistance to disease and pests<br />Improve the crop’s resistance to weather<br />Soil Science<br />Conserve soil<br />Improve soil condition and fertility<br />
  21. 21. Careers in Agronomy include…<br />Soil Conservationist<br />Soil Scientist<br />Agronomist<br />Crop Scientist<br />Pest Management Specialist<br />Pesticide Researcher/Chemist<br />Geneticist<br />Plant Breeder<br />Microbiologist<br />
  22. 22. What is Horticulture?<br />
  23. 23. Horticulture is…<br />The study and culture of plants for foodand beauty.<br />Many areas<br />Floriculture: Growing cut flowers and potted plants for beauty<br />Landscape Horticulture: Growing, installing, and maintaining plants in the landscape for beauty<br />Turf: Growing, installing, and maintaining turf grass<br />Olericulture: Growing and processing vegetables and small fruits for food<br />Pomology: Growing and processing fruit and nut trees for food<br />Research: Growing plants in a greenhouse for research<br />
  24. 24. Careers in Horticulture include…<br /><ul><li>Fruit/vegetable producer
  25. 25. Fruit/nut growing
  26. 26. Nursery Producer
  27. 27. Nursery worker
  28. 28. Geneticist
  29. 29. Biologist</li></ul>Plant breeder<br />Florist<br />Greenhouse manager<br />Greenhouse worker<br />Landscape designer<br />Landscape installer<br />Landscape maintenance<br />Greens keeper<br />Sod Producer<br />
  30. 30. What is Agribusiness?<br />
  31. 31. Agriculture Business is…<br />The financial and service side of the industry that supports the production of food and fiber.<br />Areas include:<br />Agriculture Finance: lends and manages money<br />Agriculture Sales: sells products<br />Agriculture Service: sells services<br />Customer Service: deals with helping the customer<br />Public Relations: deals with creating a better image<br />
  32. 32. Careers in Agribusiness include…<br />Sales clerk<br />Sales manager<br />Telephone operator<br />Banker<br />Lending agent<br />Crop insurance agent<br />Customer service representative<br />Public relations consultant<br /><ul><li>Agricultural Economist
  33. 33. Commodities Trader</li></li></ul><li>What is Agriculture Mechanics?<br />
  34. 34. Agriculture Mechanics is…<br />Anything dealing with the mechanized and construction side of agriculture.<br />Many areas<br />Ag Power: Gas and Diesel engines<br />Carpentry: wood working and construction<br />Welding: metal working and fabrication<br />Surveying: measuring and leveling land<br />Electricity: Wiring barns and buildings<br />
  35. 35. Careers in Agriculture Mechanics include…<br />Small engine repair<br />Gas/Diesel mechanic<br />Electrician<br />Plumber<br />General Contractor<br />Surveyor<br />Large Machine Operator<br />Welder<br />machinist<br /><ul><li>Agricultural Engineer</li></li></ul><li>What is Agriculture Production?<br />
  36. 36. Agriculture Production is…<br />The growing of plants or raising of animals for food, fiber, and shelter.<br />Types of production<br />Crop: cereal grains, oil crops, fiber crops, other<br />Animal: cattle, swine, poultry, horses, sheep, goats, llamas, fish, etc.<br />
  37. 37. Agriculture in Illinois<br />
  38. 38. Farmland<br />About 75% of the land in Illinois is used for agriculture.<br />Of that 90% is for crops<br />8000,000 acres of corn<br />5000,000 acres of soybeans<br />(2005 statistics)<br />
  39. 39. Illinois Agriculture Production<br />Nationally<br />1st in pumpkins and horseradish<br />2nd in corn and soybeans<br />3rd in popcorn<br />4th in snap beans and pork<br />7th in winter wheat and sorghum<br />8th in peaches<br />11th in oats<br />
  40. 40. Illinois Agriculture<br />Home of <br />Libby (canned pumpkin)<br />Chicago Stock exchange (commodities trading)<br />DeKalb Genetics (Seed developer and distributor)<br />McDonalds (world’s largest fast food chain)<br />Dairy Queen<br />Nabisco<br />Abe Lincoln<br />Ronald Regan<br />