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Baroque painting


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Baroque was born in Italy, and later adopted in France, Germany, Netherlands, and Spain.

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Baroque painting

  1. 1. Baroque PaintingOriginating from the 17th-century Italy, Baroque style represented the last lightbeam of the Renaissance, absorbing the concept of humanism andindividualism from the renaissance on the one hand, developing its own, newfeatures on the other. The term “baroque” allegedly came from the Portugueseword “baroco”, or the Spanish word “barreuco”, meaning random-shapedpearls. Later, this term was used to describe anything bizarre, exotic, and outof the mainstream. Quite naturally, from the very beginning, the term“baroque” had been treated with a negative sense and this trend lasted untilthe late 19th century, when the book the Renaissance and Baroque was published,which gave a comprehensive description of baroque style and made it a seriousand independent artistic trend. From then on, more and more critics set out tomake more in-depth research on this artistic style and peoples understandingof it deepens in the process. Main baroque artistic figures include DiegoVelázquez, Daniel Schultz, John Michael Wright, Simon Vouet, Jan Wyck, PaulTroger, and Franz Joseph Spiegler.Its main characteristics are as follows. Firstly, it is quite extravagant, encompassing boththe religious ideals and a touch of the hedonist pursuit. Secondly and closely related, it isfilled with emotions. Instead of depicting a serene and tranquil scene, the baroque artistsprefer to employ heavy color and their wildest imagination to create a romantic, exuberantand grandiose scene. Their focus shifts from the rationality to the freedom. Third is their
  2. 2. emphasis on movement and variability, which are the soul of baroque style. The variabilityof light is a vital importance. Finally, profoundly influenced by the Renaissance, in abaroque painting, human characters unexceptionally play a pivotal role in the paintingstructure.Artisoo Oil Painting BlogReference: