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  2. 2. LOCATION<br />Located on the eastern coast of India.<br />At 17° 49' North - 22°0 34' North Latitude & 81° 29' East-87° 29' East Longitude. <br />Adjacent to Madhya Pradesh in the west, Andhra Pradesh in the south, West Bengal in north-east, Bay of Bengal in the east and Bihar in the north.<br />Area = 1,55,707 Sq. Km.<br />
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  5. 5. ABOUT THE STATE <br />Capital of Orissa is Bhubaneswar.<br />Language spoken is Oriya.<br />Orissa consists of 30 districts.<br />
  6. 6. GEOGRAPHY<br /> Fertile plains along the coast.<br />and forested highlands towards the interior. <br />Western and northern portions of the state are occupied by the Chotanagpur plateaus.<br />
  7. 7. FLORA & FAUNA<br />33% forest area<br />Forests are repositories of Bamboo, Teak, Rosewood, Sal, Piasal, Sanghvan and Haldi<br />White Tigers, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying Squirrel, Olive Ridley Turtle<br />Alexandrine Parakeet , Indian Pied Hornbill, Hill Mynah<br />
  8. 8. HISTORY<br />The ancient name was Kalinga.<br />Controlled and traded with most of the sea routes in the Bay of Bengal. <br />Mahapadmanabh of Nanda dynasty who ascended the throne of Magadha in 362 B. C. conquered and instituted Kalinga to his extensive empire. <br />Kalinga became economically prosperous under the Nanda rule.<br />
  9. 9. KALINGA WAR<br />In 261B.C., the Mauryan emperor Ashoka invaded Kalinga which resulted in the Kalinga war.<br />It is presumed that the war took place in the banks of Daya river.<br />After occupying Kalinga, Ashoka took up the path of non-violence.<br />He beacame an instrument in spreading Buddhism all over Asia.<br />
  10. 10. Bank of the Daya river atop Dhauli hill.<br />
  11. 11. MAHAMEGHAVAHANA KHARAVELA<br />Kharavela was the third ruler of the Mahameghavahana dynasty.<br />He flourished during the second half of the 1 st century B.C.<br />The hatigumpha inscription furnishes detailed accounts about the life and activities of Kharavela from his boyhood to his 13th reigning year.<br />
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  13. 13. BRITISH PERIOD<br />In 1803, the British under the British East India Company occupied Orissa.<br />In 1823, Orissa was divided into the three districts of Cuttack, Balasore and Puri.<br />Large scale irrigation projects were undertaken in the last half of the 19th century.<br />The coastal section was separated from Bengal and made into the Province of Bihar and Orissa in 1912.<br />
  14. 14. ANCIENT NAMES<br />Orissa has many ancient names like : <br />Kalinga<br />Utkal<br />Utkalraata<br />Udra<br />Odra <br />Odrabisha<br />Oda<br />Odrarashtra<br />Trikalinga<br />Koshala<br />Kangoda<br />Toshali<br />Chedi (Mahabharata) <br />Matsa (Mahabharata)<br />
  15. 15. CULTURE<br />DANCE<br />MUSIC<br />LITERATURE<br />ART AND CRAFT<br />SAND ART<br />CUISINE<br />
  16. 16. CLASSICAL DANCE<br />‘Odissi’ is the classical dance of Orissa.<br />Originally developed in the temple of Lord Jagannath.<br />This dance has been closely connected with the day to day activities of the temples.<br />Strongly linked with the religious movements of Orissa.<br />
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  18. 18. Origin of Odissi<br /> Gained recognition in early 60s.<br />The dance form nearly went extinct during the British period.<br />Before that, there were devadasinritya and gotipuanritya.<br />
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  21. 21. FOLK DANCE<br />Chhau dance (or Chau dance)<br />Sambalpuri dance originated from the western region of Orissa.<br />Tribal dance in the district of Koraput known as dhemsa dance.<br />
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  24. 24. MUSIC<br />Odissi music is a combination of four distinctive kinds of music, namely, Chitrapada, Dhruvapada, Panchal and Chitrakala.<br />A unique feature of Oriya music is the Padi, which consists of singing of words in fast beat.<br />the five broad categories of oriya music are Tribal Music, Folk music, Light Music, Light-Classical Music and Classical Music.<br />
  25. 25. LITERATURE<br />Orissa rich in oriya literature.<br />Jaidev’sGeetagovinda is the basis for odissi dance.<br />Radhanath Ray tried to write his poems with the influence of Western Literature.<br />Fakir Mohan Senapati is famous for his oriya fictions.<br />21st century famous novelist Manoj Dash is also a pride for Orissa.<br />
  26. 26. ART AND CRAFT<br />The pipili work and the silver filigree work at Cuttack<br />The Sambalpuri textiles is famous for its artistic grandeur.<br />The handloom sarees available in Orissa can be of four major types; these are Ikat, Bandha, Bomkai and Pasapalli.<br />Pata painting is considered an important form of Orissan painting which originated from the temple of Jagannath at Puri in the 12th century.<br />Mural paintings can be seen in the caves of Khandagiri and Udaigiri.<br />
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  32. 32. BRASS OR BELL METAL<br />Practised by particular caste of people in Puri, Cuttack, Ganjam and Sambalpur Districts<br /> brass is an alloy of copper and zinc<br />bell metal is an alloy copper and tin.<br />
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  34. 34. SAND ART<br />A unique type of art form is developed at Puri.<br />To carve a sand sculpture, the raw material is the only clean and fine-grained sand mixed with water.<br />Poet Balaram Das is famous for his sand art of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Devi Subhadra.<br />SudarshanPattnaik is one of the famous sand artists of the present time.<br />
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  37. 37. CUISINE<br />Rasagolla is basically an oriya invention. The Salepurrasagolla are very famous.<br />Kheer is originated in Puri 2000 years ago.<br />A typical meal in Orissa consists of a main course and dessert.<br />
  38. 38. SALEPUR RASAGOLLA<br />
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  40. 40. TEMPLES<br />Jagannath temple in Puri<br />Sun temple in Konark<br />Lingaraj temple in Bhubaneswar<br />Rajarani temple in Bhubaneswar<br />Mukteswar temple in Bhubaneswar<br />
  41. 41. JAGANNATH TEMPLE<br />
  42. 42. MAHAPRASAD<br />
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  44. 44. SUN TEMPLE<br />
  45. 45. LINGARAJ TEMPLE<br />
  46. 46. RAJARANI TEMPLE<br />Built in 11th century <br />Name has been a subject of debate<br />Famous for the aesthetic concept of miniature temple sculptures clustered around the main tower.<br />
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  48. 48. MONUMENTS<br />Buddhist monuments are Dhauligiri, Ratnagiri and Udayagiri<br />Jain Monuments are located at Khandagiri and Udayagiri<br />
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  50. 50. FESTIVALS<br />Major Jagannath Temple Festivals include RathYatra<br />Special Festivals include Konark Festival, Puri Beach festival, Rajarani Music Festival, KalingaMahotsav, EkamraUtsav,ShreekshetraUtsav<br />Tribal Fairs and Festivals include Bali Yatra,ChaitaParava<br />