Issues in Cambodia: Women’s Rights and Grassroots NGOs that Serve Women<br />
Presentation Structure<br />Women’s Issues in Development<br />International Systems<br />Cambodian Context<br />Overview ...
Women’s Issues in Development<br />
International Systems aimed at Women’s Issues<br />
The Cambodian Context<br />What is women’s status in Cambodia?<br />Socio-culturally?<br />Legally/Constitutionally?<br />
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Education<br />71% of Khmer women are functionally illiterate (50% of men)<br />Gender ...
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Health<br />Maternal mortality - 437 per 100,000 live births<br />Infant mortality - 95...
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Sexual Status<br />100,000 sex workers in-country (approx)<br />100,000 trafficked wome...
Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Employment<br />Women make up 52% of earning population<br />14% in waged employment (1...
Women’s Legal Status<br />
Cambodian Context in Brief<br />Despite international and national strategies to combat gender inequity, women’s status in...
4 Cambodian NGOs focused on Women<br />What do we need to know?<br />Issue the NGO addresses (or aims to address!)<br />It...
AFESIP <br />What Issue does AFESIP aim to address?<br /><ul><li>Sex trafficking
Coercion into the sex industry</li></ul>What is AFESIP’s goal or mission?<br /><ul><li>To combat trafficking in women and ...
To provide holistic care and recovery
To provide women and girls with occupational skills
To reintegrate those rescued into the community through financial independence</li></li></ul><li>AFESIP<br />Programmes an...
Legal Assistance and Support Programme
Reintegration Programme
HIV/Aids Outreach</li></li></ul><li>Cambodian Women’s Crisis Centre<br />What Issue does CWCC aim to address?<br /><ul><li...
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Issues in Cambodia: Women's Rights and Grassroots NGOs that Serve Women

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Cambodia still faces formidable development challenges, with women's rights and gender parity at the top of the list. This presentation explores the pervasive imbalances in Cambodian society today, and four grassroots development organizations working directly with women to meet these challenges.

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Issues in Cambodia: Women's Rights and Grassroots NGOs that Serve Women

  1. 1. Issues in Cambodia: Women’s Rights and Grassroots NGOs that Serve Women<br />
  2. 2. Presentation Structure<br />Women’s Issues in Development<br />International Systems<br />Cambodian Context<br />Overview of 4 Grassroots NGOs<br />Questions and Discussion<br />
  3. 3. Women’s Issues in Development<br />
  4. 4. International Systems aimed at Women’s Issues<br />
  5. 5. The Cambodian Context<br />What is women’s status in Cambodia?<br />Socio-culturally?<br />Legally/Constitutionally?<br />
  6. 6. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />
  7. 7. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Education<br />71% of Khmer women are functionally illiterate (50% of men)<br />Gender parity in primary school enrollment<br />2 boys to every 1 girl in secondary school<br />Poverty, travel, and higher ‘opportunity costs’ of educating girls contribute to disparity<br />
  8. 8. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />
  9. 9. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Health<br />Maternal mortality - 437 per 100,000 live births<br />Infant mortality - 95 per live births<br />1 woman dies every 5 hours in childbirth<br />90% of births take place outside medical facilities<br />Number of women living with HIV/Aids on increase<br />Husband/wife and mother/child HIV/Aids transmission<br />
  10. 10. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Sexual Status<br />100,000 sex workers in-country (approx)<br />100,000 trafficked women and children<br />Demand for commercial sex workers is increasing<br />23% of women suffer physical domestic/sexual abuse<br />Over 300 rapes reported annually<br />
  11. 11. Women’s Socio-Cultural Status<br />Employment<br />Women make up 52% of earning population<br />14% in waged employment (19% men)<br />Garment industry and Agriculture are women’s biggest employers (84% and 51% respectively)<br />Women averagely earn 33% less than men<br />
  12. 12. Women’s Legal Status<br />
  13. 13. Cambodian Context in Brief<br />Despite international and national strategies to combat gender inequity, women’s status in Khmer society remains subordinate to that of men, and they remain at greater risk of violence and discrimination<br />
  14. 14. 4 Cambodian NGOs focused on Women<br />What do we need to know?<br />Issue the NGO addresses (or aims to address!)<br />Its goals and/or mission<br />Projects/strategies/programmes<br />Pros/Cons- Pari team expertise and opinions!<br />
  15. 15. AFESIP <br />What Issue does AFESIP aim to address?<br /><ul><li>Sex trafficking
  16. 16. Coercion into the sex industry</li></ul>What is AFESIP’s goal or mission?<br /><ul><li>To combat trafficking in women and girls for sex slavery
  17. 17. To provide holistic care and recovery
  18. 18. To provide women and girls with occupational skills
  19. 19. To reintegrate those rescued into the community through financial independence</li></li></ul><li>AFESIP<br />Programmes and Projects<br /><ul><li>3 Rehabilitation Centres
  20. 20. Legal Assistance and Support Programme
  21. 21. Reintegration Programme
  22. 22. HIV/Aids Outreach</li></li></ul><li>Cambodian Women’s Crisis Centre<br />What Issue does CWCC aim to address?<br /><ul><li>Gender Based Violence
  23. 23. Gender Based Discrimination
  24. 24. Education</li></ul>What is CWCC’s goal or mission?<br /><ul><li>“Helping Women to Help Themselves”
  25. 25. Empowerment
  26. 26. Rights
  27. 27. Holistic Rehabilitation
  28. 28. Community Involvement</li></li></ul><li>Cambodian Women’s Crisis Centre<br />Programmes and Projects<br /><ul><li>Protection Projects- 3 Crisis Shelters, Vocational Training and Literacy, Legal Assistance
  29. 29. Prevention Programmes- Scholarships, Anger Management for Men, Safe Migration and Reduce Trafficking (SMART)</li></li></ul><li>Harpswell Foundation<br />What Issue does Harpswell aim to address?<br /><ul><li>Gender Disparity in tertiary education</li></ul>What is Harpswell’s goal or mission?<br /><ul><li>“Empowering a new generation of women leaders in the developing world”
  30. 30. Provide housing and education for female students
  31. 31. Nourish leadership potential in girls</li></li></ul><li>Harpswell Foundation<br />Programmes and Projects<br /><ul><li> 2 Dormitories in Phnom Penh
  32. 32. Scholarship Opportunities
  33. 33. Elementary School in Kampong Chnnang
  34. 34. Leadership Workshops </li></li></ul><li>Women’s Resource Centre Cambodia<br />What Issue does WRCC aim to address?<br /><ul><li>Women’s lack of access to education and informational resources</li></ul>What is WRCC’s goal or mission?<br /><ul><li>“Women helping women contributes to the entire society”
  35. 35. Provide education in lifeskills
  36. 36. Provide forum for women’s discussions/meetings
  37. 37. Provide access to information and resources
  38. 38. Protect and advocate for women’s rights</li></li></ul><li>Women’s Resource Centre Cambodia<br />Programmes and Projects<br /><ul><li>Health Education
  39. 39. Mental Health Education
  40. 40. Language Education
  41. 41. Work Education</li>

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